Secession & War. Chapter 5. Events leading to the Civil War. Politics & Slavery. SLAVERY was important to the economy and the society in the United States, especially in the South. Whites in the North as well as in the South believed blacks were inferior to whites.
Slavery could not be ignored for long. The issue had to be addressed when Missouri wanted to join the Union in 1819.
John C. Calhoun, the vice president at the time, wrote The South Carolina Expedition which stated that a state had the right to nullify a federal law.
When the United States acquired new land from Mexico as a result of the Mexican-American War, the question of slavery was raised again.
The issue was thought to be settle but in 1854, Congress passed the Kansas/Nebraska Act.
the territories but would
not interfere with slave
peaceful way to save
The first capital of the Confederacy was Montgomery, Alabama until Virginia seceded. The capital for most of the war was Richmond, Virginia.
With the fall of Memphis and New Orleans early in the war, the Union had the freedom to travel the Mississippi River.
General Grant and General William Tecumseh Sherman finally were able to get Vicksburg by surrounding the city and enacting a siege to cut off Vicksburg from supplies & reinforcements
Meridian became the next target for Gen. Sherman in 1864because it was strategically located @ the junction of two railroads.