Yellowknife’s Time Line By 3M Range Lake Elementary Yellowknife, Northwest Territories - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Yellowknife’s Time Line By 3M Range Lake Elementary Yellowknife, Northwest Territories

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  1. Yellowknife’s Time LineBy 3MRange Lake ElementaryYellowknife, Northwest Territories

  2. 3.962 Billion Years AgoAge of the world’s oldest rock found north of Yellowknife

  3. 12 000 Years AgoDene arrived in the NWT

  4. 10 000 Years AgoEnd of the last Ice Age

  5. 4 500 Years AgoPre-Dorset people arrived in the Canadian Arctic(ancestors of today’s Inuit people)

  6. 2 700 Years AgoEvidence of NWT Dorset or Tunit people

  7. 1576Drawing by Lucas deHeere portrays an Inuk taken captive by Frobisher(the explorer)

  8. 1577Frobisher went to mine the black rock in the NWT

  9. 1719 (June) Captain James Knight, a former Hudson’s Bay Company employee,sailed from England to northern Canada in search of gold, copper anda Northwest Passage

  10. 1769Remains of a house built from ship materials was found on MarbleIsland (almost 50 years after Knight disappeared

  11. 1818Britain begins a serious effort to find the Northwest Passage

  12. 1819Parry’s expedition spent the winter of 1819-1820 on Melville Island,NWT

  13. 1820Sir John Franklin’s men built Fort Enterprise to serve as a base campon their way to the Arctic Ocean

  14. 1825Hostile encounters with Inuit at the mouth of the Mackenzie Riveralmost ended the 1825-27 expedition

  15. 1875Canada’s 1st RecordedCoal Mine-Ellesmere Island, NWT

  16. 1875Canada’s 1st RecordedCoal Mine-Ellesmere Island, NWT

  17. 1896Gold DiscoveryYellowknife Bay NWT

  18. 1903The Northwest Passage was traveled by boat with a Norwegian crew of 7

  19. 1920NWT Oil RushImperial Oil Find near present day Norman Well

  20. 1921(March 27) the first aircraft lands in the NWT

  21. 1926First mineral exploration flight to the NWT

  22. 1929Gilbert LaBine found uranium around Great Bear Lake. This started thefirst mine in the NWT called the Eldorado mine.First ‘air mail’ to NWT

  23. 1933Thousands of gold claims were staked near the Yellowknife River

  24. 1934Discovery of gold in the Yellowknife areaProspectors stake claims and live in this area which is the beginningof today’s city of Yellowknife, NWT

  25. 1935The original 21 Giant Gold Mine claims were staked by C.J Baker andH.M. Muir

  26. 1937Giant Yellowknife Mines, Ltd. was incorporatedRCMP Division founded in the NWT

  27. 19381st NWT Gold Brick Pouredby Con Mine @ Yellowknife

  28. 1941Thompson-Lundmark Gold Mines, Ltd. worked 46 claims at Thompson Lake(about 70 km N.E. of Yellowknife

  29. 1948Giant Gold Mine Opens in Yellowknife

  30. 1950A Jackleg drill was used to break open rock in the gold mines

  31. 1960Mackenzie Highway builtending at Yellowknife, NWT

  32. 1967Kimberlite Pipes FoundSommerset Island, NWT

  33. 1969Lupin Gold Discovery (Lac De Gras, NWT area)

  34. 1970’sSmall Scale Diamond Exploration (NWT)

  35. 19801st Lupin Winter Ice Road Built

  36. 1981Chuck Fipke collected sediment samples near Black Water Lake, NWT

  37. 1987The Pine Point lead and zinc mine closed

  38. 1991Charles Fipke discovered a kimberlite pipe under Lac de Gras, NWT

  39. 1992NWT Diamond Staking RushLac de Gras

  40. 1993BHP opens Koala Camp(future Ekati Mine) (Sept) Diavik Project office opened in YellowknifeDiavik discovers first 3 kimberlite pipes

  41. 1996Snap Lake Diamond Discovery by Windspear & Aber Resources

  42. 1997Winter Ice Road Traffic to Northern Mines:3 500 truckloads100 000 tonnesConstruction begins at BHP ‘s Mine

  43. 1998Winter Ice Road Traffic to Northern Mines:2 543 truckloads82 000 tonnes(Jan) Echo Bay Lupin Gold Mine ClosedBHP Diamonds started mining diamonds at their Ekati Mine

  44. 1999Winter Ice Road Traffic:1 844 truckloads57 000 tonnesOpen 57 days; Feb 1-Mar 30(Apr 1) Division of Northwest Territories creates Nunavut, Canada’s 3rd Territory(Jun 14) Sirius Diamonds NWT Ltd. opens Cutting & Polishing facilityin Yellowknife

  45. 2000Winter Ice Road Traffic :3 959 truckloads125 380 tonnesOpen 56 days; Feb 10-Apr 5

  46. 2001Winter Ice Road Traffic:7 981 truckloads22 725 tonnesOpen 49 days; Feb 24-Apr 14(Jan) Diavik Mine Construction Begins-approx 1000 workers on site

  47. 2002Winter Ice Road Traffic:7 768 truckloads230 000 tonnesOpen 68 days; Feb 11-Apr 20

  48. 2003Diavik Diamond Mines project scheduled to begin production