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Speeches. Background. In the 1950’s, the population in the US was increasing due to the baby-boom, after WWII.

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  • In the 1950’s, the population in the US was increasing due to the baby-boom, after WWII.
  • Technology was advancing. New medications were being introduced, and people were living longer. However, these advancements also had negative effects. Powerful weapons were developed and the environment was adversely effected as well.
  • Political tensions were high due to the Cold War and a fear of Communism.
  • There was also a lot of racial tension at this time.

The Supreme Court was listening to cases involving civil rights, including Brown vs the Board of Education, which determined that “separated but equal” schools were unconstitutional.

  • After this, schools began to be integrated. The most famous case being in Little Rock, Arkansas.
  • Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1957, which was supposed to help African Americans maintain their rights, such as voting.
martin luther king jr
Martin Luther King, Jr
  • Martin Luther King, Jr was a civil rights activist.
  • He grew up in Georgia. He received his doctorate from Boston University in 1955.
  • King became a pastor in Alabama.
  • King was also on the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
  • He led boycotts, sit-ins, rallies, marches-all non-violence events.
  • He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.
  • King was assassinated in Memphis, TN in 1968.

“The American Dream”A speech given by Martin Luther King, Jr

  • The speech by Martin Luther King, Jr that we will be looking at is an example of persuasion.
choice a tribute to dr martin luther king jr by alice walker
“Choice: A Tribute to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr”by: Alice Walker
  • Walker writes fiction, poetry, & essays.
  • Her work focused mainly on social injustices.
  • Her most famous work is The Color Purple, which was later made into a movie.
  • She won the Pulitzer Prize for this work of literature.
  • Beacon: A fire or light set up in a high or prominent position as a warning, signal, or celebration.
  • Colossal: Astonishingly great; extraordinary
  • Literally: Actually; in fact
  • Ancestral: Of, belonging to, inherited from, or denoting an ancestor or ancestors
  • Dispossession: eviction
  • Conscience: Knowledge or sense of right or wrong; inner thoughts and feelings
  • Inalienable: Unable to be taken away from or given away by the possessor
  • Dignity: The state or quality of being worthy of honor or respect
  • Oppression: unjust or cruel exercise of authority or power
  • Municipal: Of or relating to a city or town or its governing body
  • Prosperity: Having success; flourishing
  • Manacles: A metal band, chain, or shackle for fastening someone's hands or ankles
  • Obligation: a duty or commitment
  • Sensibility: The ability to feel or perceiveOR Keen intellectual perception
  • Antithesis: Contrast or opposition of thought
  • Paradoxes: Things that seem to be contradictory
  • Devoid: Completely without; lacking
essays speech
Essays & Speech
  • Authors of essays and speeches approach their writing in various ways based on their topics. They use persuasion to encourage the readers or audience members to do, think, or feel a certain way about a topic.
  • These writings are often called rhetoric.
  • The famous philosopher Aristotle was an expert in rhetoric.
  • The following are some types of essays:
    • Narration: Sharing a story
    • Description: Using descriptive language/imagery
    • Compare/ contrast: Showing differences and similarities.
    • Cause-Effect: One thing happens because of another
    • Division and Classification: Categorizing

“I Have a Dream”

Given by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr