How to avoid pseudoscience and fight misinformation Cynthia Bulik, PhD University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Most genetic traits of interest in populations of humans and other organisms are determined by many factors, including genetic and environmental components, which interact in often unpredictable ways. • For such complex traits, the whole is not only greater than the sum of its parts, it may be different from the sum of its parts. Complex Traits • Thus, complex traits have a genetic architecture that consists of all of the genetic and environmental factors that contribute to the trait, as well as their magnitude and their interactions. • http://www.nigms.nih.gov/News/Reports/genetic_arch.htm
If it sounds too good to be true… …then it is.
Don’t rely on journalists to get it right… and…it’s not always their fault
Katie Bird of St. Paul sought residential treatment last year, saying she had been exercising vigorously while consuming no more than a single hot chocolate on some days. As a result, she said, she experienced heart palpitations and frequently passed out while trying to care for her 3-year-old daughter.
Who will lead you to the source… Find and follow a curator… Which may or may not be comprehensible
Science has to be presented in its raw form… but accurate distillations bridge the gap between the ivory tower and your living room
DANGER A proliferation of journals means more and more crap is being published! “Every paper has a home” “Some papers should be homeless!”
Evidence-based guilt “If it’s evidence based, it worked for everyone else, then why didn’t it work for me?”
Separation of Church and Science …I believe in UCAN CBT DBT Conjoint Family Individual FBT SSCM Group Psychodynamic psychotherapy Parent Training
GROUP MEANS vs. INDIVIDUAL RESPONSE Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Results are reported in terms of group means That does not mean that the treatment will be better for everyone
Many approaches to treatment of hypertension… tailored to the individual… sometimes requires trial and error
We will never find a one shoe fits all solution to eating disorders Same For Eating Disorders We need a rich and developmentally tailored pharmacopoeia and theracopoeiato offer patients and families
Be an informed consumer of health care Separate marketing from the evidence base Ask questions and think critically about the answers People with eating disorders and their families should not be a “market”
Manage your information flow Don’t let desperation interfere with your critical thinking
There aren’t always clear answers…. Remember… genetic and environmental components interact in often unpredictable ways and the whole is not only greater than the sum of its parts, it may be different from the sum of its parts