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Pork, the other white meat. Chapter #8. What are the types of Hogs?. Primary Lean Cuts = hams, loins, picnics, Boston Butts Meat Type Hog: more than half the weight of a Number 1 animal is Primary Lean Cuts Bacon Type Hog: less than 1/2 is PLC large litter size

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what are the types of hogs
What are the types of Hogs?
  • Primary Lean Cuts = hams, loins, picnics, Boston Butts
  • Meat Type Hog: more than half the weight of a Number 1 animal is Primary Lean Cuts
  • Bacon Type Hog: less than 1/2 is PLC
    • large litter size
    • little value in U.S. except to increase litter size
hog selection
Hog Selection
  • Feed Conversion Rate: pounds of feed needed to make a pound of hog
    • no more than 4 lbs of feed per 1 lb of hog
  • Minimum Litter Size = 9
  • First Litter should have a combined pig wt at 21 days of 95 lbs or more
    • 110 lbs for a mature sow
hog management programs
Hog Management Programs
  • All-in-one: all pigs are at the same stage of development
    • buy feeder pigs, finish, market, repeat
    • no breeding stock
    • income all at once
  • Staggered or Continuous Flow: costantly raise pigs of all ages
    • farrow all year long
    • constant supply of income
feeding hogs
Feeding Hogs
  • Need more protein & vitamins than ruminants
  • lots of water - succeptable to heat stress
  • Feeders need lots of protein
  • Finishing needs lots of energy
  • Crude Protein = total protein in feed, not all is used by the animal
  • Digestible Protein = amount of protein that the animal can actually use
feeding hogs1
Feeding Hogs
  • Antibiotics often added to feed to prevent disease, grow faster
  • Full Feeding: animals get all the feed that they want (self feeder)
    • usually not done with breeding stock, if sows are too fat, they won’t get pregnant
  • Hand Feeding: animals are fed rations at chore time
hog management
Hog Management
  • Sanitation is critical
    • facilities should be easy to clean - concrete
    • inspect new pigs
    • clean pens whenever pigs are moved
    • isolate new pigs for 3 weeks
  • Cholera can wipe out an entire herd
  • Chester White needs sun protection
    • sunburn
  • Pens = maximum of 30 pigs / pen
breeding
Breeding
  • Flush sows before breeding
    • increasing level of nutrition
  • 4 days before farrowing, put sows in farrowing crate (disinfect pen & sow)
  • Heat lamp on babies
  • Exercise sow daily
  • 3 Days old - clip needle teeth
breeding1
Breeding
  • 10 days old - begin creep feeding (feed for the babies only)
  • 1 month - vaccinate & castrate males
  • 2 monthes (30 lbs) - wean
livestock terms
Livestock Terms
  • What do you call a mature male hog?

Boar

  • What do you call a mature female hog?

Sow

  • What do you call the act of giving birth?

Farrowing

  • What do you call a castrated male hog?

Barrow

livestock terms1
Livestock Terms
  • What do you call an young female hog?

Gilt

  • What is the gestation for hogs?

114 days or 3 months, 3 weeks, & 3 days