Intelligence. AP Psych Myers – Ch. 11. Intelligence Wars . Intelligence – mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations . Socially constructed by a culture Usually referred to as “school smarts”
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Myers – Ch. 11
A single g score is not as informative as scores for seven primary mental abilities
7 intelligence factors: word fluency, verbal comprehension, spatial ability, perceptual speed, numerical ability, inductive reasoning, and memory
CRITICS – 7 factors show tendency to cluster, suggesting an underlying g score.
Intelligence is more than just verbal and mathematical skills as other abilities are equally important.
CRITICS - Should all abilities be considered intelligences? Shouldn’t some of them just be talents instead?
3 areas that can be tested reliably
CRITCS - These three factors are related and can have an underlying g factor. Also, additional testing is needed to determine whether these facets can reliably predict success.
When a test is standardized, the results when graphed typically form a normal curve – symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many psychical and psychological attributes; most scores fall near the average and fewer and fewer scores lie near the extreme.
On an intelligence test, the average score is 100.
more verbally fluent and can remember more words
better at nonverbal memory
more sensitive to touch, taste, and color
better at math computation
higher emotional intelligence - empathy
better at math problem solving