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Taking A Systems Approach. Lessons from ICRISAT Village-Level Studies for Livelihoods R Padmaja Sociologist, ICRISAT. The sustainable Livelihoods Framework. Slater, 2008. A sustainable livelihoods framework for SAT agriculture. Source: Rao et.al, 2005. ICRISAT Village-level Studies.

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taking a systems approach

Taking A Systems Approach

Lessons from ICRISAT Village-Level Studies for Livelihoods

R Padmaja

Sociologist, ICRISAT

ICRISAT Village-level Studies




Source: ICRISAT-VDSA Project, 2011

changes in cropping pattern aurepalle
Changes in Cropping Pattern - Aurepalle

From castor and cereals to cotton

Source: Bantilan and Deb, 2011

changes in cropping pattern dokur
Changes in Cropping Pattern - Dokur

Paddy major crop, castor and pulses new crops

Sorghum declined

Source: Bantilan and Deb, 2011

changes in cropping pattern kanzara
Changes in Cropping Pattern - Kanzara

Sorghum declined, groundnut not grown anymore

Cotton dominated until 2006, Soybean replaced cotton

Source: Bantilan and Deb, 2011

sources of income
Sources of Income

Sources of per capita Real Income (Rs 2009/10 equivalent): 1975 -2010

Dokur (2001-2010)

Dokur (1975-1984)




Access to irrigation – investments in borewells (Aurepalle) – Diversification in agriculture

Crop productivity has increased with the adoption of improved technologies

Diversification of income sources and cropping pattern.

Time allocation patterns of women and men have changed -

Inequality in Income

Trends in per capita Income (Rs. 2009-10 equivalents) and inequality in income: 1975 -2010

Aurepalle (1975-2010)

Dokur (1975-2010)


Shirapur (1975-2010)

Kinkheda (1975-2010)


Trends in asset ownership by farmsize, 2009-10 Rs equivalent: 1975-2009-10

Source: Padmaja, 2012

severity of poverty
Severity of Poverty

Trends in severity in poverty (Squared Poverty Gap): 1975 -2010

Severity of poverty decreased substantially in early 2000s than in 1975-1984

Severity of poverty increased in Dokur, Shirapur and Kinkheda in recent years

Location, knowledge and information - key for decision making- Kanzara

The focal points in this process are the early adopters and innovators, neighbouring farmers and input dealers

Source: Padmaja, 2011

drivers of change
Drivers of Change

access to irrigation facilities

adoption of modern technology

better road connectivity and market linkages

educated workforce

diversity in economic activities and livelihood opportunities

drivers of change1
Drivers of Change

Main engine for development in different villages

  • Aurepalle: diversification of ag. and growth of non-farm activity
  • Dokur: migration income
  • Kanzara: intensification of agriculture and technology adoption
  • Kinkheda: increase in farm productivity
  • Shirapur: diversification of crop production and economic activities (including industries)
  • Kalman: diversification of farm and non-farm activities
  • Amongst these villages, development in Kinkheda was relatively less due to lack of social capital and collective action.