Timeline of the History of Video Production - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Timeline of the History of Video Production

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  1. Timeline of the History of Video Production

  2. 1827 First still photograph taken, using a glass plate technique Claude Niepce's photograph the View from a Window at Le Gras took nearly eight hours to expose.

  3. 1839 Henry Fox Talbot makes an important advancement in photograph production with the introduction of negatives on paper - as opposed to glass. Also around this time it became possible to print photographic images on glass slides which could be projected using magic lanterns.

  4. 1846 Important in the development of motion pictures was the invention of intermittent mechanisms - particularly those used in sewing machines.

  5. 1878 Eadweard Muybridge achieves success after five years of trying to capture movement. Muybridge was asked, in 1873, by the ex-governor of California - Leland Stanford to settle a bet as to whether horses hooves left the ground when they galloped. He did this by setting up a bank of twelve cameras with trip-wires connected to their shutters, each camera took a picture when the horse tripped its wire. Muybridge developed a projector to present his finding. He adapted Horner's Zoetrope to produce his Zoopraxinoscope.

  6. 1888 Thomas A. Edison, inventor of the electric light bulb and the phonograph decides to design machines for making and showing moving pictures. With his assistant W.K.L Dickson (who did most of the work), Edison began experimenting with adapting the phonograph and tried in vain to make rows of tiny photographs on similar cylinders.

  7. 1889 Edison travels to Paris and views Marey's camera which uses flexible film. Dickson then acquires some Eastman Kodak film stock and begins work on a new type of machine.

  8. 1891 By 1891, Edison and Dickson have their Kinetograph camera and Kinetoscope viewing box ready for patenting and demonstration. Using Eastman film cut into inch wide strips, Dickson punched four holes in either side of each frame allowing toothed gears to pull the film through the camera.

  9. 1892 Using his projecting Praxinoscope, Reynaud holds the first public exhibitions of motion pictures. Reynaud's device was successful, using long strips of hand-painted frames, but the effect was jerky and slow.

  10. 1893 Edison and Dickson build a studio on the grounds of Edison's laboratories in New Jersey, to produce films for their kinetoscope. The Black Maria was ready for film production at the end of January. Edison constructs the first motion picture studio in New Jersey.

  11. 1894 Louis and Auguste design a camera which serves as both a recording device and a projecting device. They call it the Cinématographe. The camera shot films at sixteen frames per second (rather than the forty six which Edison used), this became the standard film rate for nearly 25 years.

  12. 1895 Two French brothers, Louis and August Lumiere patent a combination movie camera and projector, capable of projecting an image

  13. 1896 R.W. Paul continued to improve his camera and invented a projector which began by showing copies of Acres' films from the previous year. He sold his machines rather than leasing them and as a result speeded up the spread of the film industry in Britain as well as abroad supplying filmmakers and exhibitors which included George Méliès.

  14. 1897 The 1st television camera employed early versions of the cathode ray tube invented in 1897.

  15. 1927 An image of Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover is transmitted in the first successful long distance demonstration of television.

  16. 1956 The Ampex Corporation used magnetic tape technology pioneered by German scientists during World War II to create the 1st video tape recorder, the Ampex VRX-1000, introduced in 1956.

  17. 1972 The RCA Company led production of early video production equipment in the United States and invented the first handheld mobile video production camera, the TK-44, in 1972.

  18. 1975 The first commercially available video cassette recorder was the Sony Betamax, introduced in 1975.

  19. 1995 The first DV camcorder was the Sony DCR-VX1000, introduced in 1995. The camera featured a 3-CCD imaging device for unprecedented video quality in a home video camera.

  20. Websites http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/film_chron.cfm#rise http://inventors.about.com/od/pstartinventions/a/Photography.htm http://www.earlycinema.com/timeline/index.html