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  1. Splash Screen

  2. The Land • Tsunami- huge wave that gets higher and higher as it approaches the coast • Archipelago- island chain • Loess- yellowish brown top soil Section 1-GTR

  3. The Land A. Korean Peninsula B. South China Sea C. Taiwan D. Himalaya E. Plateau of Tibet F. Yellow Sea G. North China Plain J. Huang He (Yellow River) H. Taklimakan Desert K. Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) I. Gobi L. Xi Section 1-GTR

  4. A B C D The Land Why is Japan vulnerable to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and ocean flooding? A.Numerous cyclones B.Tectonic plate activity C. Many islands and seas Section 1

  5. Landforms Tectonic plates- vulnerable to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and ocean flooding. • The Ring of Fire—zone of frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions bordering the Pacific Ocean • More than 1,000 Earthquakes hit Japan each year • Tsunami • 50 Active Volcanoes in Japan Section 1

  6. Figure 1

  7. Landforms (cont.) • Peninsulas, Islands, and Seas: • The Korean Peninsula • Separates Sea of Japan & Yellow Sea • East China Sea and South China Sea • Created by tectonic activity • Archipelago of Japan • Honshu is largest (Tokyo) • Volcanic activity creates most mountainous islands Section 1

  8. Landforms (cont.) • Mountains, Highlands, and Lowlands: • Pamirs- high peaks & deep valleys • Kunlun Shan and Tian Shan • Himalaya • Separate China & South Asia • Qinling Shandi • Central China Section 1

  9. Landforms (cont.) • Mount Fuji- volcano & spiritual symbol • Plateau of Tibet • Mongolian Plateau- grassy pasture • Fertile Farm Land • Northeast Plain • North China Plain • Tarim Basin- deserts & salt marshes • Taklimakan Desert • Gobi- less than 3 inches rain Section 1

  10. Figure 2

  11. A B C D Which mountain is an important spiritual symbol to Japan’s people? A.Altay Shan B.Mount Fuji C.Changbai Shan D.Tian Shan Section 1

  12. Water Systems East Asia’s rivers provide transportation, water, and rich mineral deposits for fertile soils. • China’s rivers: • Huang He- Floods often killing many “China’s Sorrow” • Chang Jiang—Asia’s longest river/ 3 Gorges Dam • Xi- most important/ fast developing area of China • Grand Canal- World’s longest artificial waterway Section 1

  13. Water Systems (cont.) • Japan and Korea—short and swift rivers: • Shinano- used for irrigation • Tone • Han- flows through Seoul • Yalu (Amnok)- forms border between China and Korea Section 1

  14. A B C D Which river is the most important in southern China? A.Huang He B.Chang Jiang C.Xi D.Grand Canal Section 1

  15. Natural Resources Mineral resources are abundant in East Asia, but they are unevenly distributed. • China contains the greatest share and widest range of minerals. • China is the world’s leading producer of rice • 25% South Korea is suitable for farming • Seafood farming has become a major industry in several countries. Section 1

  16. A B C D How much of South Korea’s land is suitable for farming? A.10% B.20% C.25% D.40% Section 1

  17. Climate Regions • Monsoon- seasonal winds • Japan Current- warm water current that flows northward & adds moisture to winter monsoons • Typhoon- a violent tropical storm that forms in the Pacific Ocean, usually in late summer Section 2-GTR

  18. Figure 4

  19. Figure 5

  20. A B C D Climate Regions Which type of vegetation covers most of East Asia? A.Tropical rain forest B.Temperature grassland C.Mixed forest D.Desert scrub and desert waste Section 2

  21. Climate Regions East Asia’s natural vegetation tends to parallel the region’s climate zones, which are influenced by latitude and physical features. • Midlatitude climates: • Humid subtropical- hot summers with heavy rains • Southeastern part of East Asia • Humid continental- warm summers/cold, snowy winters Section 2

  22. Climate Regions (cont.) • Important plants: • Bamboo- eaten by Pandas & used for construction • Mulberry tree- silk worms eat the leaves • Tea bush Section 2

  23. Climate Regions (cont.) • Dry climates: • Desert—Gobi and Taklimakan • Dust storms through Gobi due to Monsoons • Steppe – support grasses and few trees Section 2

  24. Climate Regions (cont.) • Tropical climates: • Tropical wet—Hainan • Tropical dry Section 2

  25. A B C D Most of Mongolia consists of which type of climate? A.Humid continental B.Steppe C.Tropical wet D.Desert Section 2

  26. Seasonal Weather Patterns Prevailing winds and ocean currents influence East Asia’s climates. • Influences on the climate: • Monsoons • Summer Monsoon- brings 80% of rain • Winter Monsoon- brings snow to Japan &Korea • Ocean currents—Japan Current ↑, Kuril Current ↓ • Warm, humid air over the tropical ocean results in typhoons- ocean currents and monsoons Section 2

  27. A B Which ocean current is warm? A.Japan Current B.Kuril Current Section 2

  28. Section 2-End

  29. A. Mountains • Mountain ranges fan out from Pamirs, including Kunlun Shan and Tian Shan. • Altay Shan form a natural border between China and Mongolia. • Himalaya, the world’s highest mountains, separate China from South Asia. VS 1

  30. B. Deserts • Taklimakan Desert lies in far western China; has large oil deposits • Gobi is located in southern Mongolia and north-central China. VS 2

  31. C. Korean Peninsula • Juts southeast from China’s Northeast Plain • Separates the Sea of Japan from the Yellow Sea; characterized by midlatitude climates • Home to North Korea and South Korea VS 3

  32. D. Plateaus and Plains • Plateau of Tibet in southwest China; East Asia’s highest plateau region; headwaters of China’s major rivers • North China Plain is an important agricultural area between Huang He and Chang Jiang. VS 4

  33. E. Japanese Archipelago • Four large, mountainous islands and thousands of smaller ones • Created by tectonic activity; Mount Fuji is a dormant volcano on island of Honshu. VS 5

  34. F. Huang He • Also known as Yellow River; located in northern China • Carries tons of loess blown by winds from the western deserts • Makes North China Plain a major wheat and soybean farming area VS 6

  35. G. Ring of Fire • Pacific, Philippine, and Eurasian tectonic plates meet in this region. • Volcanoes bordering Pacific Ocean • Most mountainous islands in the region created through tectonic activity. • Underwater earthquakes generate tsunamis VS 7

  36. H. Chang Jiang • Also known as Yangtze River; located in central China • Asia’s longest river; meets Pacific at Shanghai • Important transportation route; Three Gorges Dam constructed VS 8

  37. I. Xi • Also known as West River; southern China’s most important river system • Soil deposits near Guangzhou and Macau form fertile delta. VS 9

  38. VS-End

  39. Figure 3

  40. DFS Trans 1

  41. Chengdu DFS Trans 2

  42. tsunami Japanese term used for a huge sea wave caused by an undersea earthquake Vocab1

  43. archipelago a group or chain of islands Vocab2

  44. loess (LEHS) fine, yellowish-brown topsoil made up of particles of silt and clay, usually carried by the wind Vocab3

  45. monsoon in Asia, seasonal wind that brings warm, moist air from the oceans in summer and cold, dry air from inland in winter Vocab4

  46. Japan Current a warm-water ocean current that adds moisture to the winter monsoons Vocab5

  47. typhoon a violent tropical storm that forms in the Pacific Ocean, usually in late summer Vocab6

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