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Splash Screen. The Land. Tsunami - huge wave that gets higher and higher as it approaches the coast. Archipelago - island chain. Loess - yellowish brown top soil. Section 1-GTR. The Land. A. Korean Peninsula. B. South China Sea. C. Taiwan. D. Himalaya. E. Plateau of Tibet.

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section 1 gtr

The Land

  • Tsunami- huge wave that gets higher and higher as it approaches the coast
  • Archipelago- island chain
  • Loess- yellowish brown top soil
Section 1-GTR
section 1 gtr1

The Land

A. Korean Peninsula

B. South China Sea

C. Taiwan

D. Himalaya

E. Plateau of Tibet

F. Yellow Sea

G. North China Plain

J. Huang He (Yellow River)

H. Taklimakan Desert

K. Chang Jiang (Yangtze River)

I. Gobi

L. Xi

Section 1-GTR
section 1




The Land

Why is Japan vulnerable to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and ocean flooding?

A.Numerous cyclones

B.Tectonic plate activity

C. Many islands and seas

Section 1
section 11


Tectonic plates- vulnerable to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and ocean flooding.

  • The Ring of Fire—zone of frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions bordering the Pacific Ocean
  • More than 1,000 Earthquakes hit Japan each year
    • Tsunami
    • 50 Active Volcanoes in Japan
Section 1
section 12

Landforms (cont.)

  • Peninsulas, Islands, and Seas:
  • The Korean Peninsula
      • Separates Sea of Japan & Yellow Sea
  • East China Sea and South China Sea
      • Created by tectonic activity
  • Archipelago of Japan
      • Honshu is largest (Tokyo)
    • Volcanic activity creates most mountainous islands
Section 1
section 13

Landforms (cont.)

  • Mountains, Highlands, and Lowlands:
  • Pamirs- high peaks & deep valleys
      • Kunlun Shan and Tian Shan
  • Himalaya
      • Separate China & South Asia
  • Qinling Shandi
      • Central China
Section 1
section 14

Landforms (cont.)

  • Mount Fuji- volcano & spiritual symbol
  • Plateau of Tibet
  • Mongolian Plateau- grassy pasture
  • Fertile Farm Land
    • Northeast Plain
    • North China Plain
  • Tarim Basin- deserts & salt marshes
  • Taklimakan Desert
  • Gobi- less than 3 inches rain
Section 1
section 15




Which mountain is an important spiritual symbol to Japan’s people?

A.Altay Shan

B.Mount Fuji

C.Changbai Shan

D.Tian Shan

Section 1
section 16

Water Systems

East Asia’s rivers provide transportation, water, and rich mineral deposits for fertile soils.

  • China’s rivers:
    • Huang He- Floods often killing many “China’s Sorrow”
    • Chang Jiang—Asia’s longest river/ 3 Gorges Dam
    • Xi- most important/ fast developing area of China
    • Grand Canal- World’s longest artificial waterway
Section 1
section 17

Water Systems (cont.)

  • Japan and Korea—short and swift rivers:
  • Shinano- used for irrigation
  • Tone
  • Han- flows through Seoul
  • Yalu (Amnok)- forms border between China and Korea
Section 1
section 18




Which river is the most important in southern China?

A.Huang He

B.Chang Jiang


D.Grand Canal

Section 1
section 19

Natural Resources

Mineral resources are abundant in East Asia, but they are unevenly distributed.

  • China contains the greatest share and widest range of minerals.
  • China is the world’s leading producer of rice
  • 25% South Korea is suitable for farming
  • Seafood farming has become a major industry in several countries.
Section 1
section 110




How much of South Korea’s land is suitable for farming?





Section 1
section 2 gtr

Climate Regions

  • Monsoon- seasonal winds
  • Japan Current- warm water current that flows northward & adds moisture to winter monsoons
  • Typhoon- a violent tropical storm that forms in the Pacific Ocean, usually in late summer
Section 2-GTR
section 2




Climate Regions

Which type of vegetation covers most of East Asia?

A.Tropical rain forest

B.Temperature grassland

C.Mixed forest

D.Desert scrub and desert waste

Section 2
section 21

Climate Regions

East Asia’s natural vegetation tends to parallel the region’s climate zones, which are influenced by latitude and physical features.

  • Midlatitude climates:
    • Humid subtropical- hot summers with heavy rains
      • Southeastern part of East Asia
    • Humid continental- warm summers/cold, snowy winters
Section 2
section 22

Climate Regions (cont.)

  • Important plants:
  • Bamboo- eaten by Pandas & used for construction
  • Mulberry tree- silk worms eat the leaves
  • Tea bush
Section 2
section 23

Climate Regions (cont.)

  • Dry climates:
  • Desert—Gobi and Taklimakan
      • Dust storms through Gobi due to Monsoons
  • Steppe – support grasses and few trees
Section 2
section 24

Climate Regions (cont.)

  • Tropical climates:
  • Tropical wet—Hainan
  • Tropical dry
Section 2
section 25




Most of Mongolia consists of which type of climate?

A.Humid continental


C.Tropical wet


Section 2
section 26

Seasonal Weather Patterns

Prevailing winds and ocean currents influence East Asia’s climates.

  • Influences on the climate:
    • Monsoons
      • Summer Monsoon- brings 80% of rain
      • Winter Monsoon- brings snow to Japan &Korea
    • Ocean currents—Japan Current ↑, Kuril Current ↓
    • Warm, humid air over the tropical ocean results in typhoons- ocean currents and monsoons
Section 2
section 27


Which ocean current is warm?

A.Japan Current

B.Kuril Current

Section 2

A. Mountains

  • Mountain ranges fan out from Pamirs, including Kunlun Shan and Tian Shan.
  • Altay Shan form a natural border between China and Mongolia.
  • Himalaya, the world’s highest mountains, separate China from South Asia.
VS 1

B. Deserts

  • Taklimakan Desert lies in far western China; has large oil deposits
  • Gobi is located in southern Mongolia and north-central China.
VS 2

C. Korean Peninsula

  • Juts southeast from China’s Northeast Plain
  • Separates the Sea of Japan from the Yellow Sea; characterized by midlatitude climates
  • Home to North Korea and South Korea
VS 3

D. Plateaus and Plains

  • Plateau of Tibet in southwest China; East Asia’s highest plateau region; headwaters of China’s major rivers
  • North China Plain is an important agricultural area between Huang He and Chang Jiang.
VS 4

E. Japanese Archipelago

  • Four large, mountainous islands and thousands of smaller ones
  • Created by tectonic activity; Mount Fuji is a dormant volcano on island of Honshu.
VS 5

F. Huang He

  • Also known as Yellow River; located in northern China
  • Carries tons of loess blown by winds from the western deserts
  • Makes North China Plain a major wheat and soybean farming area
VS 6

G. Ring of Fire

  • Pacific, Philippine, and Eurasian tectonic plates meet in this region.
  • Volcanoes bordering Pacific Ocean
  • Most mountainous islands in the region created through tectonic activity.
  • Underwater earthquakes generate tsunamis
VS 7

H. Chang Jiang

  • Also known as Yangtze River; located in central China
  • Asia’s longest river; meets Pacific at Shanghai
  • Important transportation route; Three Gorges Dam constructed
VS 8

I. Xi

  • Also known as West River; southern China’s most important river system
  • Soil deposits near Guangzhou and Macau form fertile delta.
VS 9


Japanese term used for a huge sea wave caused by an undersea earthquake



a group or chain of islands


loess (LEHS)

fine, yellowish-brown topsoil made up of particles of silt and clay, usually carried by the wind



in Asia, seasonal wind that brings warm, moist air from the oceans in summer and cold, dry air from inland in winter


Japan Current

a warm-water ocean current that adds moisture to the winter monsoons



a violent tropical storm that forms in the Pacific Ocean, usually in late summer


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