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EOC Review

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  1. EOC Review US History

  2. 1. The evidence in the Watergate case, based on testimony and on the White House tapes, included that Nixon • Was innocent of any wrong doing • Was involved in the case but was not proven guilty of any crime • Was guilty of some minor crimes but was not proven guilty • Was guilty of a major crime: obstructing justice by covering up evidences of the crimes of the others

  3. 2. “Reaganomics”, or “supply-side” economics, operated from the assumption that the woes of the American economy were largely the result of • Interest rests • Foreign causes • Excessive taxation • Inadequate government spending

  4. 3. During the Gulf War, the United States and its allies fought the forces of • Iraq • Iran • Saudi Arabia • Kuwait

  5. 4. Effects of the events on September 11, 2001, include • All of the below • The deaths of about 300 Americans • The recognition the anti-American terrorism was possible within the US • The illustrations of how far militants would go in the name of “jihad”

  6. 5. Bill Clinton became the first two-term Democratic president since • Woodrow Wilson • Franklin Roosevelt • Jimmy Carter • Dwight E. Eisenhower

  7. 6. In the presidential election of 2000, the vote count in Florida was ultimately decided by • A new round of voting by the citizens • A handshake deal that was struck down between the supporters of Gore and Bush • a vote by the members of the Florida state legislature • The US Supreme Court in a very close decision

  8. 7. In the 1990s, a virtual monopoly on computer-operating systems was achieved by • Apple • Compaq • Microsoft • Pentium

  9. 8. President Johnson’s Great Society programs included all of the following EXCEPT • A federal aid to poor elementary and high school districts • Ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment to guarantee equality for women • Federal health insurance for the elderly and medical care for the poor and disabled • Federal funding for self- help programs for the poor

  10. 9. The Tonkin Gulf Resolution • Expressed the power feeling of the majority of Americans • Authorized the president to take all necessary steps to defend US forces and interests in Vietnam • Approved the overthrow of the Diem government in Vietnam • Authorized the use of up to 500,000 US troops in Vietnam

  11. 10. The Tet Offensive resulted in all of the following EXCEPT • The military defeat of US forces in South Vietnam • Significant military losses by the Vietcong • Reduced public support for Johnson’s conduct of the war • US diplomats advising Johnson against further escalation of the war

  12. 11. “Freedom Riders” in the early 1960s aimed at • The integration of the public schools • The desegregation of bus stations • An end to discrimination in employment • The promotion of voting rights for all

  13. 12. “Affirmation action” is best described as the legal requirement that • Employers be forced to obey federal and state laws that protect the civil rights of all • Employers take positive measures to recruit minorities to compensate for past injuries • Employers establish racial quotas for their workforce • Employers hire workers who belong Community Action organizations

  14. 13.The massive racial unrest and rioting that erupted in more than sixty American cities in 1968 occurred as a result of the assassination of • Malcolm X • John F. Kennedy • Martin Luther King, Jr. • Medgar Evers

  15. 14. In her book The Feminine Mystique, Betty Friedan argued for the idea that • Women who lived the “ideal life” of the suburban housewife were often not fulfilled individuals • Women who banded together could overcome a male-dominated society • The happiest women were those who led fulfilled lives in purely domestic roles • The women’s political movement was unnecessary

  16. 15. President Bush assembled a coalition of nations in 1990 to take military action in the Middle East to • Replace Saddam Hussein as the dictator of Iraq • Block Arab nations from attacking Israel • Force Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait • Assist Kurds and Shiites opposed to Saddam Hussein’s rule in Iraq

  17. 16. Until 1998, the only two presidents of the United States to be subjected to impeachment proceedings by the House of Representatives were • Ulysses S. Grant and Warren G. Harding • Andrew Johnson and Warren G. Harding • Warren G. Harding and Richard Nixon • Andrew Johnson and Richard Nixon

  18. 17. President John F Kennedy’s commitment to space exploration was realized in 1969 when • American astronauts walked on the moon and returned to earth • The United States placed a space platform into orbit around the earth • American astronauts circled Mars and returned to earth • A space ship orbited the earth, landed, and was used for later flights

  19. 18. The occupation of Alcatraz in 1969 and of the village Wounded Knee in 1973 symbolized the • Desperation of illegal immigrants who resist deportation • Growing militancy of Native American Indians resentful of treaty violations by the federal government • Power of religious cults ruled by charismatic leaders • Growth of the survivalist movement of right-wing extremist distrustful of the federal government

  20. 19. The term “McCarthyism” derives from events in the early 1950s involving • Labor union strikes and unrest • Charges of corruption against government officials • The influence of interest groups in determining government policy • Unsupported charges of treason and subversive activity

  21. 20.Which action during the late 1950s and early 1960s is most consistent with the teachings of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.? • Black separatists call for a new nation populated only by African Americans • African Americans denied the right to vote refuse to serve on juries • African Americans continue to sit at segregated lunch counters after being refused service • People being arrested for violating segregation laws strike out at the police

  22. 21. The United States initiated the Marshall Plan in 1948 to • Weaken the control of eastern Europe by the Soviet Union • Rebuild the war-damaged economies of Western Europe • Overcome the blockade of Berlin by the Soviet Union • Establish a mutual defense alliance in Western Europe

  23. 22. Which entertainment media became popular only after World War II? • TV • Motion Pictures • Radio • Phonograph Records

  24. Answer key • D • C • A • C • B • D • C • B • B • A • B • C • C • A • C • D • A • B • D • C • B • A

  25. Cold War • Winston Churchill, Iron Curtain speech • UN: Security Council, General Assembly, Secretary- General • Truman Doctrine • Marshall Plan • Israel created, 1948 • Berlin Blockade • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

  26. Cold War Cont. • Warsaw Pact • Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) • Central Treat Organization (CENTO) • Australia, New Zealand, U.S (ANZUS) • Korean War, Limited war • Truman-McArthur controversy • Dien Bien Phu

  27. Cold war Cont. • Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh • John Foster Dulles “Massive Retaliation” • Eisenhower Doctrine • U-2 Incident • Castro’s revolution • Bays of Pigs • Alliance for Progress • Cuban Missile Crisis • ICBM

  28. Domestic, 1940s and 1950s • G.I. Bill of Rights, 1944 • Baby boom • Taft- Hartley Act • Dixiecrats, J. Strom Thurmond • Fair Deal • House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) • McCarthyism, Senator Joseph McCarthy • Alger Hiss

  29. Domestic, 1940s and 1950s • Julius and Ethel Rosenburg • Twenty-second Amendment • Interstate Highway Act • Alaska, Hawaii • Spuntnik • National Defense Education Act (NDEA act) • Military-industrial complex

  30. Black History • A Phillip Randolph • Gunna Mydrial, An American Dilemma • To Secure These Rights • Brown v. Bd. of education of Topeka • Thurgood Marshall • Rosa Parks, Montgomery bus boycott • Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. • Little Rock, Ark. Crisis • Civil Right Act, 1957 and 1960 • Literary tests, grandfather clause, poll taxes, white primaries

  31. Blacks • Montgomery bus boycott • Southern Christian Leadership conference • National Association for the Advancement of colored People (NAACP) • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) • Sit-ins, Freedom rides • “I have a dream” speech • Medgar Evans

  32. Blacks • Adam Clayton Powell • Malcolm X • Stokely Carmichael • Black Panthers • Black Muslims • Block Power • 24th Amendment • Watts, Detroit Race Riots • Kerner Commission on civil Disorders

  33. Vietnam • Gulf of Tonkin, North Vietnam, South Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia • Ho chi Minh • Viet Cong • Dien Bien Phu • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, 1964 • Demilitarized zone (DMZ) • Domino Theory • Tet Offensive • Kent State incident, Jackson State incident

  34. Vietnam • Daniel Ellsberg, Pentagon Papers • My Lai, Lt. Calley • Senator Fullbright • Bombing of Laos and Cambodia • Vietnamization • Paris Accords, 1973

  35. Miranda Decision, Escobedo decision Rachel Carson, Silent Spring New Frontier Kennedy and the steel price rollback Peace Corps, VISTA Berlin Wall Lee Harvey Oswald, Warren Commission Salvador Allendo Panama Canal Treaties Students for a Democratic society (SDS) Charles Reich, The Greening of America Election of 1964: LBJ, Goldwater 1960s

  36. Great Society War on Poverty Medicare Robert Kennedy Moon race, Neil Armstrong The Feminine Mystique, Betty Friedan National Organization for women (NOW) Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) Ralph Nader, Unsafe at Any Speed 1960s

  37. Watergate White house “plumbers” Watergate Tapes Impeachment proceedings SALT 1 Agreement Détente China visit, 1972 Recognition of China Henry Kissinger, “shuttle diplomacy” 26th amendment Chicanos Cesar Chavez China visit, 1972 Recognition of China Henry Kissinger, “shuttle diplomacy” 26th amendment Chicanos Cesar Chavez 1970s

  38. American Indian Movement (AIM), wounded Knee Arab Oil Embargo Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Alaska Pipeline Gerald Ford Nixon Pardon Jimmy Carter Panama Canal Treaty Camp David Accords 1970s

  39. Olympic boycott, 1980 Reganomics Supply side economics Sandra Day O’Connor Three Mile Island “Star Wars”, SDI, Strategic Defense Initiative Geraldine Ferraro AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) “Moral Majority” Rev. Jerry Falwell Agent Orange Challenge disaster 1980s and 1990s

  40. Marcos, Philippines, Corazon Aquino Gorbachev, glasnost, perestroika Col. Qaddafi, Libya Rev. Jesse Jackson, Rainbow Coalition Tiananmen Square, Beijing Saddam Hussein, Iraq invade Kuwait UN Security Council Resolution 661 (Trade embargo on Iraq) Desert sheild, Gen. Colin Powell UN Security Council Resolution 678 (authorizes use of force, Iraq must withdraw from Kuwait by Jan. 15, 1991 1980s and 1990s

  41. Iran-Contra Affair, Irangate Panama, Gan. Noriega, Drug-trafficking indictment, Conviction Gulf War, Operation Desert Storm, Gen. Schwarzkopf SCUD missiles, Patriot missiles MTV Somalia Whitewater Clinton’s Health Plan Oklahoma city Bombing, 1995 Million Man March on Washington D.C., 1995, Louis Farrakhan 911 1980s and 1990s