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What Makes a Local Redevelopment Plan Megan Coler Carmen Lethig. WHAT IS A LOCAL REDEVELOPMENT PLAN?. What is a Local Redevelopment Plan? Identification and creation of a shared vision for the neighborhood or community Planned by local leadership and/or stakeholders

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slide1

What Makes a

Local Redevelopment Plan

Megan Coler

Carmen Lethig

what is a local redevelopment plan
WHAT IS A LOCAL REDEVELOPMENT PLAN?

What is a Local Redevelopment Plan?

  • Identification and creation of a shared vision for the neighborhood or community
  • Planned by local leadership and/or stakeholders
  • Carried out by an array of partners
  • Marshals resources and deploys coordinated strategies
  • Concentrated/Targeted Area

Why is it important?

  • Bigger impact
  • Multi-faceted effort or catalyst to spur other development
  • Community effort with broad support
  • Encourages communities to think about their communities as a whole rather than individual pieces of development.
types of plans
TYPES OF PLANS

Types of plans considered under the Local Redevelopment Plan scoring category:

  • Comprehensive Plans
  • Sub Area Plans (Neighborhood Plans)
  • Redevelopment Plans
  • Master Plans

Plans must include:

  • Clearly delineated target area that includes proposed project site
  • Detailed policy goals that must include rehab or construction of affordable rental housing
  • Implementation measures with specific, current, and ongoing time frames
  • Project must support at least one goal of the plan
  • Assessment of existing physical structures and infrastructure in the community
comprehensive plans
COMPREHENSIVE PLANS

Guiding policy that lays out how the community wants to develop in the future

Policy document upon which the laws that regulate land development activities are based

Not law; but serves as legal foundation for regulating local land use and must be adopted for a community to have zoning control

Typical plans include:

  • Setting forth goals
  • Analysis of existing conditions and trends
  • Describes and illustrates a vision for the physical, social, and economic characteristics of the community in the years ahead
  • Outlines policies and guidelines intended to implement that vision
comprehensive plan review
COMPREHENSIVE PLAN REVIEW

How old is the plan?

Is the project located within the plan’s area?

Are existing conditions analyzed?

Is project type desired/needed in plan?

Are there goals, objectives, action plans to achieve implementation?

Associated timelines

Responsible parties

Identified Resources

Was the public and stakeholders involved?

sub area plans neighborhood plans
SUB AREA PLANS (NEIGHBORHOOD PLANS)

Mini-comprehensive plan that focuses in detail on a smaller geography of the community

  • Not typically found in smaller communities due to size limitations

Typical plans include:

  • substantial residential development,
  • associated commercial uses,
  • institutional services such as recreation and education

Other Sub Area Plans can include:

  • downtown or central business district plan,
  • station area plan around a transit station,
  • corridor plan that focuses on a transportation corridor
sub area plan review
Sub area plan review

How old is the plan?

Is the project located within the sub area?

Is the project type desired/needed in plan?

Are existing conditions analyzed?

Are there goals, objectives, action plans to achieve implementation?

Associated timelines

Responsible parties

Identified Resources

Was the public and stakeholders involved?

redevelopment plans
Redevelopment plans

A plan of action for a specific geographic area that needs help

Applicable to almost any place – cities and neighborhoods

May be associated with the declaration of a redevelopment area, a statutory designation opens the door to tax increment financing tools

Areas that typically need redevelopment plans:

  • Business districts that are experiencing loss of retail, office, and related residential activity
  • Residential areas where dwelling units are in a marked state of deterioration or dilapidation
  • Industrial areas where plants and facilities are abandoned, idled, or underused, and the sites themselves are environmentally contaminated and must be remediated
redevelopment plan review
Redevelopment plan review

How old is the plan?

Is the project located within the plan’s area?

Are existing conditions analyzed?

Is project type desired/needed in plan?

Are there goals, objectives, action plans to achieve implementation?

Associated timelines

Responsible parties

Identified Resources

Was the public and stakeholders involved?

master plans
“Master” Plans

!!PROCEED WITH CAUTION!!

Shows the layout and intensity of different land uses in a community

Shows current and proposed building footprints, street and parking layouts, streetscape treatment and amenities, and pedestrian paths

Have a comprehensive approach that identifies multiple projects including transportation, recreation, economic development, commercial, business, housing, etc.

Most typically developed for large landowners, or redevelopment plans such as:

  • a corporate campus,
  • a university or school campus,
  • a local government campus,
  • a large, multi-building private development
  • Downtowns

What type of ‘Master’ Plans would not qualify?

  • Planned Unit Development (PUD)
  • Plan is for a single development project
  • Plan is a phase of a single development project
master plan review
‘MASTER’ PLANREVIEW

How old is the plan?

Is the project located within the plan’s area?

Is project type desired/needed in plan?

Was the public and stakeholders involved?

Particular to a single development?

What other uses and sources going into overall development area?

Is this a PUD – Planned Unit Development?

if a plan does not currently exist
If a plan does not currently exist

Taking the lead in the planning process

  • Typically 6-9 month process
  • Engage residents and local organizations
  • Engage local unit of government

A vision of stakeholders and turning their goals into achievable projects and programs

  • Practical planning driven by community needs
  • Holistic plan for the community
  • Ultimate roadmap and tool for the community to improve over time

The Plan Itself:

  • Typically 40+ page document
  • Describes current conditions of the community
  • Includes maps and visuals to help identify existing conditions and future projects
  • Typically a 5-year vision for where the community would like to be
the planning process
The planning process

Identifying the planning area

  • Neighborhood – own boundaries or culture
  • Barriers – railroad tracks, industrial or commercial zones, highways, rivers
  • Connectors – transit routes, bike paths, parkways
  • Anchors of Activity – commercial districts, universities, major employers, hospitals

Identifying Issues and Opportunities: First thing to discuss to help identify future needs

  • Should be comprehensive approach and not address just housing
  • Public Engagement Opportunities
    • SWOT Analysis
    • Open Space Meetings

Community History and Data: The past along with trends can help determine next steps

  • Data gathering
  • Public Engagement: Interviews
the planning process1
The planning process

Vision, strategies, projects and programs

  • Define clear vision for the future
    • Based on public engagement feedback
  • Identify strategies, projects and programs that will help achieve the vision
    • Typically identified through Goals, Objectives and Action Steps for Implementation
  • Assign responsibilities and timeframes for implementation
    • Outreach and identify organizations, agencies, individuals to carry out projects
    • Helps keep the plan a “living document”
    • Creates community support
local redevelopment plan take away
LOCAL REDEVELOPMENT PLAN TAKE AWAY

Current Plan

  • 0-5-10 years, but make sure the plan is reflective of current conditions

Plan area includes project area

Analysis of existing conditions

Proposed project type supported by the plan

  • Goals include support of affordable rental housing

Implementation measures with associated timeframes, responsible parties and identified resources

Public participation and outreach

Prefer a plan be in place

Community self-evaluation

What is not a plan to support this Strategic Priority?

  • Housing assessments
  • Feasibility plans

What do we look for in a plan?

  • Age – not more than 5 years old
  • Location – project in the plan’s target area
  • Need – does the plan support the need for this type of project?
  • Goals / Action Steps / Timelines
  • Public and/or stakeholder involvement
local redevelopment plan required documentation 11 points
Local redevelopment planrequired documentation = 11 points

Documentation of process used to develop and adopt the plan

Details regarding community engagement and/or public hearings held prior to adoption of plan

Copy of the entire plan

Evidence of adoption

  • By lead community organization
  • By local unit of government

Map of planning area with project location

Brief description of community engagement process

local unit of government adoption 3 points
local unit of government adoption = 3 points

Required Documentation:

Process LUG used to develop and adopt the plan

Written approval from the LUG verifying adoption

  • Resolution
  • Ordinance