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What makes a Group. A collection of people can be viewed as a working group or a TEAM when it has many of the following features: Two or more people who are regularly part of the group A Group Consciousness - the people think of themselves as a group

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what makes a group
What makes a Group
  • A collection of people can be viewed as a working group or a TEAM when it has many of the following features:
    • Two or more people who are regularly part of the group
    • A Group Consciousness - the people think of themselves as a group
    • A shared sense of purpose - the members of the group have the same task/goals or interests
    • The group is Interdependent - the people in the group need each other if they are to achieve the task/goal
    • The group Interacts - the people in the group communicate with one another, influence one other and react to one other
    • The group can act as a whole - it is a unified collection of people
participation matters
Participation Matters!
  • Disfunctional Group:
  • Functioning Group:
developing the group
Developing the Group
  • “Forming”
    • The anxious stage - people getting to know each other, worrying about what’s expected of them and how they should behave. An uncertain time.
  • “Storming”
    • Familiarity sets in and maybe conflict emerges between sub-groups. The leader may be challenged as individuals react against his/her attempts to direct them. A tricky time!
  • “Norming”
    • The group settles down - it begins to harmonize. Group cohesion is evident and norms emerge. Mutual support develops and it’s clear that this is a functioning group - a Team.
  • “Performing”
    • The group becomes flexible in the way individuals perform tasks - the team is capable of dealing with complex problems.
people and teams completing the task
People and teams - completing the Task
  • Initiator - Contributor:
    • Suggests things and tries to see new ways forward.
  • Information Seeker:
    • Checks things out and tries to verify peoples ideas by getting facts.
  • Information Giver:
    • Offers facts or words of wisdom based on his/her past experiences
  • Elaborator:
    • Develops points further - clears things up. Tries to make things clearer to the team.
  • Co-ordinator:
    • Pulls things together - illustrates the links between different ideas discussed by the team.
  • Energiser:
    • Gets the team going again when things slow down. Stimulates the team
  • Recorder:
    • Keeps a record of team decisions - acts as the team’s memory
people and teams helping the group
People and teams - helping the Group
  • Encourager:
    • Praises, agrees with and accepts the contribution of others.
  • Harmoniser:
    • Acts as go-between in disputes between team members - tries to reconcile.
  • Compromiser:
    • In a situation of conflict, this person attempts to relieve things by compromising.
  • Gatekeeper - Expediter:
    • Keeps communication going - in a meeting this is the chairperson.
  • Standard Setter:
    • A “watch dog” who checks that the team is “playing by the book” or who sets standards for the team.
  • Observer:
    • Has a watching brief for the whole group - reports back on group performance
  • Follower:
    • Goes along with the team, serving it loyally and never questioning.
people and teams individuals who mess up
People and teams - Individuals who “mess up”
  • Aggressor:
    • Spoilt child who acts like a bully - defies authority and is envious.
  • Blocker:
    • Always looking on the negative side - disagrees without reason. Every group of teachers has one!
  • Recognition-Seeker:
    • ME...ME...ME - tries to manufacture situations to show him/her in a good light. Ego problem!
  • Playboy:
    • The teams not for him/her - he/she is far too busy doing something else of much greater importance. Ego problem again!
  • Dominator:
    • The “big-head” of the group - always trying to have control. Ego problem - needs reducing!
  • Help-seeker:
    • Seeks attention by continuously claiming he/she can’t cope when this is obviously not true. Ego problem ........
the needs of groups




The needs of Groups
  • Every group has three overlapping needs and the leader of a group must balance these needs:
    • The needs of the TASK
    • The needs of the GROUP
    • The needs of the INDIVIDUAL
  • Each need is important to the functioning of the team:
what is leadership
What is Leadership?
  • The broad functions of leadership might be seen as:
    • Initiating - keeping/getting things going
    • Regulating - monitoring the pace of the group’s efforts
    • Informing - feeding back information to the group
    • Supporting - being responsive to the needs of the group and being open to suggestions
    • Evaluating - helping the group to review progress, qualify success and assess how well it works as a team
  • The importance of each function will vary according to the “age” of the team.
  • Leadership involves getting the group to work together as a team so as to achieve a common goal. A leader needs to direct but also needs to ask.
  • Leaders need to be Democratic.
a leader s main responsibilities
A Leader’s main Responsibilities
  • A Leader must remember that his/her main duties are to:
    • Firstly define the Task
    • Secondly build the Team
    • Thirdly look after the Individual
  • The Leader must work towards:

Achieving the Task

Building and maintaining the Team

Developing the Individual