FOOD SECURITY IN PAKISTAN - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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FOOD SECURITY IN PAKISTAN
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FOOD SECURITY IN PAKISTAN

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  1. FOOD SECURITYIN PAKISTAN

  2. What is Food Security? Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.

  3. Food Security Availability Utilization Access Stability The Food Security Pillars

  4. Availability Indicators FOOD AVAILABILITY AGRICULTURE-BASED FOOD ANIMAL-BASED FOOD NET PRODUCTION All FOOD ITEMS 4 FOOD ITEMS Own production Import + Aid Stocks FOOD CONSUMPTION Kcal per capita per day

  5. Militancy & crimes

  6. Access Indicators INCOME PER CAPITA ADULT LITERACY RATE ACCESS TO FOOD LANDLESS LABOUR MARGINAL CULTIVATORS UNDER 2.5 ACRE ROADS PER AREA

  7. International vs local prices of wheat

  8. Terms of trade and key commodity prices

  9. Soaring food prices have adversely affected access to food

  10. Poor populations need to spend a large share of their income on food

  11. Purchasing power went down (2007-09) • Wheat prices in real terms increased by 54.6 percent • Wage rate in real terms increased by only 3.1 percent (shock modeling) Nominal term (2007-2011) • Wheat price increased by 114 percent • Wage rate increased by only 41 percent

  12. Wage labourers and petty traders are most food insecure

  13. Market vulnerability Market price plays a vital role in the food security of the population 35-40% urban ………………………100% depend on market for food 67% of rural…………………………100% depend on market for food 33% of rural engaged in agriculture but not all produce surplus cereals, only 10% are somehow produce more than requirement. Hence, the price instability affect 90% of the households in the country

  14. SAFE DRINKING WATER FEMALE LITERACY RATE HEALTH SERVICES & FACILITIES Absorption/utilization Indicators INFANT MORTALITY RATE IMMUNIZATION COVERAGE FOOD ABSORPTION

  15. Food Consumption

  16. Food insecure population Pakistan = 48.6 percent 2010------- 51.6 Percent

  17. How do people cope with food insecurity ?

  18. Militancy & crimes

  19. 2007 Price increase of food items Continue till now Year 2003 2003-2006 slow increase 2007 Decline in terms of trade Continue till now 2008 Decline in income Power shut down Continue till now 2009 Conflict/war Continue till now