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PSoC: Configurable Mixed-Signal Array with On-chip Controller. Changing the Embedded World TM. Objectives. Cypress overview Introduce Cypress MicroSystems & PSoC TM System on Chip PSoC Designer Development Kit Demo with Software and Dev. Tool Support Applications. Divisions. CYPRESS.

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PSoC: Configurable Mixed-Signal Array with On-chip Controller


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    1. PSoC:Configurable Mixed-Signal Array with On-chip Controller Changing the Embedded WorldTM

    2. Objectives • Cypress overview • Introduce Cypress MicroSystems &PSoCTM System on Chip • PSoC Designer Development Kit • Demo with Software and Dev. Tool • Support • Applications

    3. Divisions CYPRESS MPD Memory Product Division DCD Data Communication Division TTD Timing Technology Division PCD Personal Communication Division CMS Cypress Micro- Systems • Async SRAM • Sync SRAM • NoBL / QDR • MoBL • NVM • Specialty Memory DP-RAM, FIFO • Communication • CPLD Ultra 37000 • CPLD Quan. 38K • CPLD Delta 39K • HOTLink / PSI • IP Solutions • Software Tools • PSoC • Support Tools • App. Notes • FTG • RF PLLs • HS Clock Control • Clock Distribution • Spread Spectrum • Low Speed USB • Full Speed USB • High Speed USB • USB Hubs • USB Dev. Tools • USB Ref. Designs • WirelessUSB • Neuron

    4. Cypress MicroSystems Strategy • Provide a Single Chip Programmable Solution for small electronic products • Leveraging Cypress Semiconductors World leader position in USB – 80% world Market share in the respective market. • The M8C Core in PSoC is used in the USB product • Proven Technology – 185+ million M8 microcontrollers sold

    5. Each part covers small functionality • Families tend to cluster; second sourcing leads to overlaps • Customers believe they need custom micros Microcontroller Market Current Embedded Marketplace: Embedded Marketplace Cypress Cypress Cypress • Cypress Strategy: • Provide part numbers that each cover MORE functionality (i.e., cover hundreds of competitive devices)

    6. PSoC™ System on Chip Benefits • The search for the perfect part is over • PSoC reduces your system’s parts count • PSoC adapts to changing Customer Requirements • PSoC simplifiespurchasing and inventories What has changed for you? Betterthan a custom part No NRE No Waiting No Minimum quantities

    7. Security Sensor Application Traditional Approach Competitive Solutions Op amp LP filter Op amp A/D Microcontroller D/A Sensor Digital Outputs LEDs

    8. What They can do We can Do So Much More! PSoC Microcontrollers Sensor Op amp LP filter Op amp A/D Microcontroller D/A Digital Outputs LEDs

    9. Decrease System Costs Traditional CO Solution Cypress CO Solution System BOM =$6.07 PSoC BOM =$4.30

    10. Parts Reduction • Do you use these external components? • Op Amps and Comparators • PWMs • Filter components • Analog drivers • Transistors / Buffers • External ADC • High speed crystal • Pseudo Random Sequence Generator • These are external components that could be integrated with a PSoC design

    11. Why Choose PSoC? Parts Reduction 90+ Parts 20+ Parts

    12. PSoC = Programmable System-on-Chip • Create your customized chip User Defines : • WhatFunctions Appear • WhenThey Appear • HowThey Interconnect

    13. Example of “What Functions Appear” • One 8-Bit Counter • One 16-Bit Timer • One Full-Duplex UART w/Baud Rate Generator • One SPI Slave (Full Duplex) Controller • One 4-Input 8-Bit Delta-Sigma A/D • One 6-Bit D/A • One 8-Bit D/A • Two Low-Pass Filters (Bi-Quad)

    14. Example of “What Functions Appear” • One 16-Bit Counter • One 8-Bit PWM • One Half-Duplex UART • One SPI Master • One 12-Bit Incremental A/D • One Low-Pass Filter (Bi-Quad) • One 8-Bit D/A • Two Instrumentation Amplifiers

    15. Example of “What Functions Appear” Both of these devices are made from the same chip - PSoC can be defined to meet customer requirements with Countless configuration possibilities • One 8-Bit Counter • One 16-Bit Timer • One Full-Duplex UART w/Baud Rate Generator • One SPI Slave (Full Duplex) • One 4-Input 8-Bit Delta-Sigma A/D • One 6-Bit D/A • One 8-Bit D/A • Two Low-Pass Filters • One 16-Bit Counter • One 8-Bit PWM • One Half-Duplex UART • One SPI Master • One 12-Bit Incremental A/D • One Low-Pass Filter • One 8-Bit D/A • Two Instrumentation Amplifiers

    16. Example of “When They Appear” Dynamic Re-Configurabilitymeans both devices can be the SAME CHIPat DIFFERENT TIMES in the SAME APPLICATION • One 8-Bit Counter • One 16-Bit Timer • One Full-Duplex UART w/Baud Rate Generator • One SPI Slave (Full Duplex) • One 4-Input 8-Bit Delta-Sigma A/D • One 6-Bit D/A • One 8-Bit D/A • Two Low-Pass Filters • One 16-Bit Counter • One 8-Bit PWM • One Half-Duplex UART • One SPI Master • One 12-Bit Incremental A/D • One Low-Pass Filter • One 8-Bit D/A • Two Instrumentation Amplifiers

    17. Dynamic Reconfiguration • 23 Hours 59 minutes per day • Accepts Money • Distributes Beverages • A few seconds each night • Dynamically reconfigures into a 300 baud Modem • Transmits coin, beverage and maintenance status to central office • Benefits • Only cost delta is phone interface • Increased machine profitability

    18. An 8-Bit Counter • Counts positive edges on pin 4 • Sets pin 25 high after 10 edges OUTPUT INPUT • Same 8-Bit Counter Later • Counts positive edges on pin 8 • Sets pin 21 high after 15 edges OUTPUT INPUT • Same 8-Bit Counter Finally • counts positive edges on pin 13 • Sets pin 16 high after 77 edges OUTPUT INPUT Example of “How They Interconnect”

    19. World-Class MCU Features • 24 MHz/4 MIPs Operation at 5V • 12 MHz Operation at 3.3V • Single-cell (1.2V to start) Operation at up to 24MHz • With Built-in Voltage Pump and Three Passive Components • Eight-Level Low Voltage Detection/Alert • Built-In Multiply-Accumulate Hardware (MAC) • 8 X 8 Multiply, 32-Bit Accumulate • Answer Available Immediately on Next Instruction Cycle • 2.5% Accurate Oscillator with no ext. Components • PLL for Precise Time-base With Inexpensive Watch Crystal • Flexible Sleep Modes, as Low as 5μA in Standby

    20. World-Class MCU Features • All Flash Program Memory (4 to 16 Kbytes) • EEPROM Emulation in Flash • Four Memory Protection Modes • Allows Factory or Field Upgrade on Individual 64-byte Blocks • From One Block up to the Entire Flash Memory Protectable • Robust Read/write Protection Algorithm for Added Security • In-System Programmable • Supports Production Test/Calibration Re-Programming • Supports Field Upgrade of firmware or configuration

    21. World-Class MCU Features • Configurable I/O Pins • Every Pin Can Source 10mA and Sink 25mA • Integrated/Selectable Pull-up and Pull-down Resistors • Selectable as Interrupt Source on Either Edge or Change in State • 8 Muxable Analog Inputs (except 8-pin device) • Up to 4 Analog Outputs w/ 40mA Integrated Drive • 4 Direct Input Analog Lines (except 8-pin and 20-pin devices)

    22. Programmable System- on- Chip Blocks PSoC Blocks

    23. Digital Blocks (8) Two Types Basic Type (4) Communications Type (4) Programmed at the Function Level Not programmable at the Gate Level Analog Blocks (12) Three Types Continuous Time (4) Switch Capacitor A (4) Switch Capacitor B (4) PSoC Blocks- The Underlying Hardware

    24. Four Digital Basic Blocks Timer, Counter, PWM Dead Band Generator (2 Phase Underlapped Clock) Pseudo Random Source (PRS) Cyclic Redundancy Check Generator (CRC) Digital PSoC Blocks Eight 8-Bit Digital PSoC Blocks Available • Four Digital Comm Blocks • All Basic functions, plus • SPI Master • SPI Slave • I2C • IrDA • CRC16 • Async Rx • Async TX • UART

    25. Analog PSoC Blocks • Amplifiers • Comparators • Filters: 2, 4, 6 poleLP,BP,HP,Notch • ADCs: Incremental, D-S, SAR • DACs Continuous Time Switched Cap A Switched Cap B

    26. User Modules • User Module =Pre-configured Digital and Analog PSoCBlocks • Analogous to an On-chip Peripherals • Timer- Counters – PWM’s • UART – SPI • A/D –DAC’s - SAR • Defines the Register Bits for Initial Configuration • Selected via Double Click in IDE • User Modules Include • Application Programmer Interfaces (APIs) • Interrupt Service Routines (ISRs) • Specific UM Data Sheets

    27. 8, 16, 24, 32-bit Timer 8, 16, 24, 32-bit Counter 8, 16-bit PWM 8, 16-bit Dead Band Generator (2 Phase Underlapped Clock) Pseudo Random Source (PRS) Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) Generator SPI Master SPI Slave Full Duplex UART IrDA receiver and transmitter Digital User Modules

    28. A/D Converters 8-bit Successive Approximation 8-bit Delta Sigma 11-bit Delta Sigma 12-bit Incremental 7-13 bit Variable Incremental Dual input 7-13 bit Variable Incremental Tri input 7-13 bit Variable Incremental D/A Converters 6, 8, and 9-bit 6 and 8 bit multiplying Filters 2-pole Low-pass filter 2-pole Band-pass filter Amplifiers Programmable Gain Amplifier Instrumentation Amplifier Inverting Amplifier Programmable Threshold Comparator DTMF Dialer Analog User Modules

    29. Software User Modules: I2C Master I2C Slave EEPROM LCD – Interface for Hitachi HD44780 controller Reference Design(hard- and software): LIN-Bus controller 300 Baud modem Electronic Ballast For Fluorescent Lamps Q2 2003 Power Line Modem 2400 BAUD Q2 2003 Software User Modules/Reference Designs

    30. Single Flash RAM Battery (Kbytes) (Bytes) Pump Package Pins Marketing Part No. CY8C25122-24PI 4 256 N PDIP 8 CY8C26233-24PI 8 256 Y PDIP 20 CY8C26233-24SI 8 256 Y SOIC 20 CY8C26233-24PVI 8 256 Y SSOP 20 CY8C26443-24PI 16 256 Y PDIP 28 CY8C26443-24SI 16 256 Y SOIC 28 CY8C26443-24PVI 16 256 Y SSOP 28 CY8C26643-24PI 16 256 Y PDIP 48 CY8C26643-24PVI 16 256 Y SSOP 48 CY8C26643-24AI 16 256 Y TQFP 44 Product Family Flexible, Highly Integrated SOC, Cost-competitiveSolution

    31. PSoC Microcontroller Families • CY8C25xxx/26xxx • 8 Digital PSoC blocks • 12 Analog PSoC blocks • 16k Flash • 128-256 bytes SRAM • 6-44 IO • CY8C27xxx • Improvements: • Analog • Digital • CY8C24xxx • 4 Digital PSoC blocks • 6 Analog PSoC blocks • 4k bytes Flash • 256 bytes SRAM • 6-16 IO • CY8C21xxx • 4 Digital PSoC blocks • 12bit ADC • 4k bytes Flash • 256 bytes SRAM • 6-16 IO

    32. CY8C21xxx CY8C27643 CY8C21xxx CY8C26643 CY8C27443 CY8C21xxx CY8C26443 CY8C27233 Q4 2003 Functionality CY8C26233 CY8C27122 Q3 2003 CY8C25122 Q2 2003 CY8C24xxx Current CY8C24xxx Development Sample Roadmap

    33. Objectives • Cypress overview • Introduce Cypress MicroSystems &PSoCTM System on Chip • PSoC Designer Development Kit • Demo with Software and Dev. Tool • Support • Applications

    34. PSoC Designer • Integrated Development Environment • Device Editor • Application Editor • C Compiler • Assembler • Librarian • Debugger

    35. PSoC Designer Device Editor – Modes of Operation • Device Editor has Three Windows of Operation • Selecting User Modules • Placing User Modules • Specifying Pin-out

    36. Device Editor - The End Result • User Clicks “Generate Application” Icon • The Software Takes All User Inputs; • Generates files specifying the configured device • Sets up the source files for the project application code • Moves the user to Application Editor to start coding • Creates a custom configuration sheet based on your inputs – Your custom “data sheet”

    37. Software IDE Application Editor • For Users to Write Code • For Users to Assemble/Compile Code • View and edit individual source files • Set and remove bookmarks (Editing tool) • Set and remove breakpoints (Debugging tool) • Assemble/compile individual files • Build entire project including assemble/compile* all flies in project • Source line error pointer *The C compiler needs to be enabled for use

    38. PSoC DesignerC Compiler • The CY3202-C compiler is fully integrated into the PSoC Designer IDE. PSoC Designer supports C source level debugging. In order to activate the compiler, you must enable an upgrade. • Features Include: • ANSI C Compiler • Supports Inline Assembly and Can Interface with Assembly Modules • Integrated code compressor • Modern Stack-Based Architecture • 7 Basic Data Types Including IEEE 32-Bit Floating Point • Assembler and Linker • Math and String Libraries • C Interrupt Service Routines • Librarian

    39. Software IDE Debugger • Interface to ICE Unit • View contents of Register and Memory spaces • Change the contents of these spaces • Connect to ICE • Run/Halt /Single Step • Set breakpoints and event points • Capture trace

    40. Development Kit • CY3205-DK Basic Development Kit • Kit includes everything to support the 28-pin PDIP package • Price: $248

    41. PSoCICE Pod Kits • Smallest POD on the market fits customer PCB better. • Versions are available for all device/package types • Sold separately to support various pin-outs • Every part type/package type has a pod/foot Pod Pup Mask Foot

    42. What is a Y-programmer ??? • Programmer board with socket available for each package type • Connects to ICE

    43. Objectives • Cypress overview • Introduce Cypress MicroSystems &PSoCTM System on Chip • PSoC Designer Development Kit • Demo with Software and Dev. Tool • Support • Applications

    44. PSoC Microcontroller Design Flow • Determine system requirements • Choose User Modules • Place User Modules • Set global and User Module parameters • Define the pin-out for the device • Generate the application • Review generated code • Demonstrate working configuration

    45. Our Project Requirements: • Blink two LEDs at approx 2Hz, with duty cycle of 40% and 20% • Implementation: • Create An MCU with Two Pulse Width Modulators: • Select Two PWM User Modules • Set the PWM parameters • Initialize the global clocks • Connect the PWM outputs to the PSoC Pup LEDs

    46. Our Project Implementation: • Use on chip clock resources (24V1, 24V2)to generate clocks for selected User Modules P2[2] 16-bit PWM ÷ 65535 (1.4Hz) (93kHz) (1.5MHz) 24MHz ÷16 ÷16 24V1 24V2 P2[3] 16-bit PWM ÷ 65535 (1.4Hz) PSoC devive Pupboard

    47. Let’s Create Our Project • Start PSoC Designer • Click Start New Project • Select Create a new Configuration • Type in the name GettingStarted • Set destination directory Desktop/default or select one

    48. Let’s Create Our Project • Select the Base Part • View the drop-down menu and the catalog • We’ll use CY8C26443-24PI (28 PDIP, same as the pod)

    49. Let’s Create Our Project • Select Project’s Language • Assembly and C languages available, (C, only if enabled) • We’ll choose assembly

    50. Select User Modules • Explore the “Select” Mode of Device Editor • User Module Catalog ( tabs on left side of screen) • Resource Manager (right side of screen) • User Module Data Sheet Viewer (bottom middle of screen) • Adding, Deleting, User Module Instances • Select User Modules for this Project • Go to the indicated tab section and double-click • PWMs tab,PWM16 : An 16-bit Pulse Width Modulator • Repeat the selection and Select a second PWM16