THE KOREAN WAR. After WWII, a civil war breaks out in China Mao Zedong led Communists, Chiang Kai- Shek led nationalists Communists claim victory in 1949 Conservatives in US rip Truman for “losing” China, quick to point out failure of containment. The Korean War.
After WWII, a civil war breaks out in China
Mao Zedong led Communists, Chiang Kai-Shek led nationalists
Communists claim victory in 1949
Conservatives in US rip Truman for “losing” China, quick to point out failure of containment
After WWII, Korea is split in two(38th Parallel), with hopes of reuniting both sides
Hopes for peaceful settlement vanish when Soviet backed North Korean troops invaded US backed South Korea in June 1950
UN Security Council condemns invasion, demands immediate pullout of North Korean forces
US-led UN forces will fight a limited war
Sept. 1950, US-led UN forces arrive to drive North Korea out
UN will land at Pusan and Inchon
US lands force at Inchon to cut off retreating North Koreans.
By Oct. 1, 1950 UN forces have recaptured much of South Korea(goal met)
New UN goal becomes to establish unified, independent Korea, China warns UN not to
UN forces invade North Korea, capture capital Pyongyang and move closer to China
Nov. 1950, Chinese forces attack in the Yalu River Valley, push UN forces back
Heroic stand made by US at the Chosin Reservoir, they hold on until Dec., however are forced to retreat south. US inflicts mass casualties on Chinese during retreat.
Jan.-July 1951 fighting goes back and forth along 38th parallel
Truman goes back to original goal
MacArthur returns to US a hero while many Americans question Truman
1952 election sees Eisenhower(Rep.) defeat Stevenson (Dem.)
33,296 US troops killed, original objective of maintaining South Korea is achieved, many question high cost for a tie
US shows it is willing to use force to check communist aggression around the world