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Battle of the Somme
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Battle of the Somme

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  1. Battle of the Somme Warm UP: What were the causes of WWI? S.1; DOK: 1-3; LT: I can justify my answer concerning who won the first day of the Battle of the Somme.

  2. Overview • July 1 – Nov. 18, 1916 • One of the costliest battles of WWI • Approximately 1.2 million casualties • 420,000 British • 200,000 French • 500,000 German • S.1; DOK: 1-3; LT: I can justify my answer concerning who won the first day of the Battle of the Somme. Dead German soldiers at Battle of the Somme 2

  3. British gains S.1; DOK: 1-3; LT: I can justify my answer concerning who won the first day of the Battle of the Somme. 3

  4. Cause and effect S.1; DOK: 1-3; LT: I can justify my answer concerning who won the first day of the Battle of the Somme. • Attempt by the British to “push through” the German lines • Fought along northwestern part of the Western Front • After months of fighting, and several assaults up and down the front, resulted in small gains in land for England • Greatly weakened German war effort overall 4

  5. Causes of high death toll S.1; DOK: 1-3; LT: I can justify my answer concerning who won the first day of the Battle of the Somme. • Massive loss of life due to new military technologies: • machine guns • artillery/mines • hand grenades • gas • airplanes • first use of tanks British gun crew wearing PH-type anti-gas helmets 5

  6. Central Historical Question: Who won the first day of the Battle of the Somme? A British trench July 1916 during the Battle of the Somme

  7. Doin’ HistoryS.1; DOK: 1-3; LT: I can justify my answer concerning who won the first day of the first day of the Battle of the Somme. Investigate what happened on the first day of the battle, July 1, 1916, by reading 3 historical accounts of the day: *a British newspaper article written by a journalist who was there *the memoir of a British soldier who fought in the battle *the memoir of a German soldier who fought in the battle 7

  8. Doin’ HistoryS.1; DOK: 1-3; LT: I can justify my answer concerning who won the first day of the first day of the Battle of the Somme. Document A: read and answer guiding questions *share out and discuss Documents B and C: read and answer questions, share out and discuss FINAL CLAIM Use evidence from the three documents to address the question: Who won the first day of the Battle of the Somme? 8

  9. Doin’ HistoryS.1; DOK: 1-3; LT: I can justify my answer concerning who won the first day of the first day of the Battle of the Somme. Why are documents B and C so different from A? Which of these documents is most trustworthy? Why? 9

  10. Who won the first day of the Battle of the Somme? Exit: S.1; DOK: 1-3; LT: I can justify my answer concerning who won the first day of the Battle of the Somme. • Day One Casualties: • 57,470 British • 8, 000 German • 7, 000 French • Which documents does this data corroborate with? • Who won the first day of the Battle of the Somme? 10