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Conducting Research in Challenging Times: California Parolee Reentry Court Evaluation. Association of Criminal Justice Research, California March 17-19 Sacramento. Francine Byrne Supervising Research Analyst Administrative Office of the Court Center for Families, Children & the Courts.

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conducting research in challenging times california parolee reentry court evaluation

Conducting Research in Challenging Times: California Parolee Reentry Court Evaluation

Association of Criminal Justice Research, California

March 17-19

Sacramento

Francine Byrne

Supervising Research Analyst

Administrative Office of the Court

Center for Families, Children & the Courts

today s presentation
Today’s presentation
  • Background on California parolee reentry court project
  • Review of relevant research
  • Overview of evaluation
  • San Joaquin presentation
california parolee statistics
California Parolee Statistics
  • California Prison overcrowding largely driven by parolees
  • 2/3 of parolees return to prison
  • 6 out 10 admissions to CDCR on any given day returning parolees
  • In the last 20 years parole revocations increased 30 fold in CA

Parole Violations and Revocations in California, Grattet, R., Petersilia, J., Lin, J., 2008.

how did we get here
How did we get here?
  • Determinate sentencing laws
    • Increased supervision from 1 to 3 years
    • Increased revocation time from 6 to 12 months
  • Increase in mandatory referrals to BPH
    • Serious and violent offenders
    • Up to 85% violations (DAPO 2005)
  • Standard of evidence for revocation is preponderance of evidence (vs reasonable doubt)

Parole Violations and Revocations in California, Grattet, R., Petersilia, J., Lin, J., NIJ grant final report 2008.

research recommendations
Research Recommendations
  • Expand mental health & substance abuse programs
  • Expand intermediate sanctions
  • Discharge well performing parolees after 1 year
  • Align risk and supervision levels
  • Utilize violation instrument
  • Focus supervision on 1st 6 months

.

recent reforms
Recent Reforms
  • Non-revocable parole for lowest risk offenders (NRP)
  • California Static Risk Assessment (CSRA)
  • Parole Violation Decision Making Instrument (PVDMI)
  • Parolee Reentry Court Program

.

harlem parole reentry court evaluation
Harlem Parole Reentry Court Evaluation
  • PRC parolees less likely to be rearrested
  • Less likely to be reconvicted
  • More likely to be revoked
  • Graduates less likely to be rearrested and revoked

Do Reentry Courts Work ?, Hamilton, Z. Center for Court Innovation March 2010

parolee reentry courts
Parolee Reentry Courts
  • 2009 Legislation created collaborative justice model reentry court. ARRA $$
  • Designed for parolees that have violated and have substance abuse and/or mental health issues
  • Changes jurisdiction from parole to courts
  • Six courts funded: Alameda, Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco, San Joaquin, Santa Clara
overview of evaluation
Overview of Evaluation
  • Data elements collected in each court
  • Outcomes compared to CDCR Business- as-usual comparison group
  • Qualitative information collected from site visits/focus groups
california parolee reentry court evaluation
California Parolee Reentry Court Evaluation
  • Evaluation report to legislature due three years after 1st entry
  • Recidivism and revocation mandatory outcome measures
  • Additional information being requested
evaluation data
Evaluation Data
  • Program Entry Data
  • Program Activities Data
  • Program Exit Data
  • Recidivism Data (6 groups)
  • Comparison Group Data
program entry data
Program Entry Data
  • Demographics: Education, employment status, housing status, income.
  • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Information: Present disorder, history of treatment.
  • Criminal History: Eligible parole violation, risk level, number of prior commitments.
  • Program referral type
program entry statistics
Program Entry Statistics
  • Average Age = 40.5 years
  • Substance abusing over 20 years
  • 63% do not have stable housing
  • 86% unemployed
  • 100% have substance abuse issues
  • 30% have known mental disorders
program compliance
Program Compliance
  • Compliance: hearing attendance, treatment adherence, drug test results, jail sanctions
  • Custody: Jail days and reason for jail stay
  • Arrests: Date, type, program response
program compliance19
Program Compliance
  • 6% received jail sanctions in first quarter
  • 13% Rearrested
  • 0 revocations
program exit
Program Exit
  • Exit Status: Program and parole status upon program exit.
  • Social Outcomes: Re-measure demographic variables measured at program intake such as education level, employment status, housing status, and monthly income and source.
recidivism
Recidivism
  • Arrests: Date, type, outcome (convictions)
  • Prison commitments: Date, type
  • Days in prison
  • Comparison group characteristics may change with reallignment
questions
Questions?

Francine Byrne, Supervising Research Analyst

Francine.byrne@jud.ca.gov

415-865-8069