Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
The Comma: • Punctuation and Grammar • Rhythm and Flow • Part I • Words in a Series • Compound Sentences • Interjections • Words at the Beginning • Introductory Phrases and Clauses Name: _____________________
Students will understand that using commas will allow them to vary sentence structure in their writing. Students will understand that the comma is a useful and necessary punctuation mark with a wide variety of grammatical functions. Students will understand that the comma allows the reader to judge rhythm, direction, pace, and flow of writing.
How can I use commas to create more interesting sentences? How do writes vary sentence structure? How does the comma allow readers to judge rhythm, direction, pace, and flow of writing? Why is the comma such a useful and necessary punctuation mark?
Words in a SeriesI want a hockey stick, skates, and a helmet for my birthday. Rule Place commas between words, phrases, or clauses in a series. A series is three items or more in a row.
Words in a Series Three sentences you found Three sentences you wrote
Compound Sentences Tim got a new baseball bat for his birthday, but he really wanted a new hockey stick. Rule Use a comma between two independent clauses that are joined by a coordinating conjunction and, but, or, nor,for, so, or yet.
Compound Sentences Three sentences you found Three sentences you wrote
Words at the Beginning of Sentences Yes, I can always use additional hockey equipment. Rule Place a comma after words like oh, yes, and no at the beginning of a sentence.
Words at the Beginning Three sentences you found Three sentences you wrote
InterjectionsWow, that was an easy game! • Rule • Use a comma to separate a mild interjection from the rest of the sentence. • Wow, look at that sunrise! • Hey, we’re up early! • The following words are often used as interjections. • Hello Hey Ah • Oh my No kidding Hmm • Really Wow Well
Interjections Three sentences you found Three sentences you wrote
Introductory PhrasesAfter a Phrase: During the season, I use two separate hockey sticks. Rule Use a comma to separate a long phrase that comes before the main part of a sentence.
Introductory Phrases Three sentences you found Three sentences you wrote
Introductory ClausesAfter a dependent clause: Although I asked for new skates for my birthday, I only got new socks. Rule Use a comma to separate a dependent clause that comes before the main part of a sentence.
Introductory Clauses Three sentences you found Three sentences you wrote
Phrase During the morning, we worked on skating and passing. A phrase is a group of related words. Phrases cannot stand alone as sentences They do not have both a subject and a predicate.
DependentClause Although I practiced my slap shot for hours, I still needed more work. A dependent clause is a group of words that has a subject and a predicate but does not express a complete thought. It cannot stand alone as a sentence.
Vary Your Sentence Structure: pages 428-438Commas: pages 482-489Understanding Sentences: pages 560-566