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Hilltop Church Men’s Sword Sharpening
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  1. Hilltop ChurchMen’s Sword Sharpening John, Chapter 6 “I am the bread of life…” Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  2. Recap • Parallel of Genesis 1 • Miracle at the wedding at Cana (red heifer) • Nicodemus’ visit by night • Power, wealth, standing in community • Woman at the well • Had nothing • Bethesda pool Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  3. John Chapter 6 7 • Intro Notes • The longest chapter in John (71 verses) • Covers period of about 24 hours • About a year after chapter 5 • First “I am” statement • 3 major episodes • Feeding of the 5,000 (covered by all 4 Gospels) Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  4. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.1 • “After these things”, meta tauta • Used as a marker / division of thoughts / milestone • Used 7 times in this gospel (3:22; 5:1; 5:14; 6:1; 7:1; 11:11; 21;1) and in Revelation • Used to organize the book (just as organized as Revelation, but not as obviously) Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  5. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.2 • “great multitude” • People were following Him because of the “signs” He was doing…not because of who He was (and still is) • They are following for what they can get out of Him Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  6. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.4 • “And the passover, a feast of the Jews, was nigh.” • Recall that John uses the term “Jews” in a special way – to refer to the leadership in Jerusalem (adversaries of Jesus) • Misunderstanding this has led to some anti-Semitic writings in the past Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  7. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.4 • The phrase “feast of the Jews” contrasts the term “feast of the LORD” as stated in Deuteronomy 16:16 (next slide) • We can get more out of our Bible study by looking for comparisons and contrasts Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  8. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.4 • “Three times in a year shall all thy males appear before the LORD thy God in the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: and they shall not appear before the LORD empty:” Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  9. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.5 • “Whence shall we buy bread, that these may eat?” • Asked of Philip – Why? • Philip was from Cana and knew the area • But… Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  10. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.5 • The disciples are listed in four places: Matthew 10:2-4; Mark 3:16-19; Luke 6:14-16; Acts 1:13 • Philip is always listed fifth (5th) • He may have been the leader of the second four (breastplate of the High Priest) Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  11. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 A day’s wages • V.7 • “Two hundred pennyworth of bread is not sufficient for them…” • Multiple of 20 • Jacob waited 20 years to gain possession of his wives and property (Gen 31:41); the 21st year it came Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  12. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.7 • In Judges 4:3, Israel waited 20 years for emancipation from Jabin’s oppression; the 21st year they were delivered • In 1 Sam 7:2, the ark stayed in Kirjath-Jearimfor 20 years; the 21st, God delivered it. Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  13. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.7 • Does 20 = insufficiency? • 200 is an intensified form • The number 200 always carries an evil connection (Josh 7:21; Judg 17:4; 1 Sam 30:10; 2 Sam 14:26; Rev 9:16) Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  14. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 7 • V.8-9 • Andrew: Every time he’s mentioned in Scripture, he’s always bringing someone to Jesus. Only the Gospel of John records the (very small) boy (“a lad”) Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  15. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.8-9 • Barley Loaves • Diet of soldiers being punished for losing their standard in battle • Good for you, but not necessarily desired • “Stuff your Mom makes you eat.” Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  16. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.10 • “Make the men sit down.” • God is not the author of confusion • Confusion = the absence of the Holy Spirit • “Now there was much grass in the place.” • Mark’s account mentions that the grass was green… Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  17. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 Why? Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  18. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 7 • V.10 • “He maketh me to lie down in green pastures:”Psalm 23 Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  19. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.10 • “So the men sat down, in number about five thousand.” • 5,000 excludes women and children? • Probably not that many…it was a feast time for… ALL ABLE-BODIED MALES Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  20. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.11 • “…and when he had given thanks...” • Given thanks - Deuteronomy 8:10 • “he distributed to the disciples, and the disciples to them that were set down…” • Use of disciples - Hebrews 5:11,13; Luke 8:18 Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  21. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.11 • Our modest offerings can be sufficient if placed in His hands...God uses the little things He can use you and me!! Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  22. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.12 • “When they were filled…”, Echortasthete • Term used in feeding animals • Glutted, fatted, fed to repletion • “Pig Out!!” Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  23. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.12 • “Gather up the fragments that remain, that nothing be lost.” • Jesus will not lose anything entrusted to Him • “eternal security” Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  24. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.13 • “Therefore they gathered them together, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves,...” • Why 12 baskets? • God always provides for His laborers • And ABUNDANTLY! Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  25. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.15 • “When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force…” • “Take him by force”, Harpazein, to seize violently; translated literally means “a revolution in the air (somersault).” Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  26. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 • V.15 • “…he departed again into a mountain himself alone.” • The High Priest always officiates alone… (Leviticus 16:17) • What did He do in the mountain alone? Pray! Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  27. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 The most powerful prayer In the Bible! • V.15 • Nowhere in John does Jesus pray except John 17 And it’s a prayer of intercession… Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  28. The Feeding of the 5,000V. 1-15 Feast of Jesus Feast of the Jews Elaborate Surrounded by theTemple Filled Only the Body The Emptiness of Jerusalem Simple Surrounded by God’sCreation Filled Body and Soul The Fullness of His Ministry Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  29. The Protection of JesusV. 16-21 • V.16 • “his disciples went down unto the sea,…” • The Matthew account (14:22) tells us that Jesus “constrained” them to go – He ordered them to go Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  30. The Protection of JesusV. 16-21 • V.16 • Why did Jesus order them to go? • “They that go down to the sea in ships, that do business in great waters; These see the works of the LORD, and his wonders in the deep.” Psalm 107:23-24 Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  31. The Protection of JesusV. 16-21 • V.17 • “And it was now dark…”, Skotia • Was it dark because Jesus was not with them? • Denotes a spiritual darkness • By the way: Kafer Nahum (Capernaum) means the hometown of the prophet Nahum Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  32. The Protection of JesusV. 16-21 • V.19 • “So when they had rowed about five and twenty or thirty furlongs…” • About 3 ½ miles • While they were rowing, Jesus could see them (they were always under his protection) • They were fatigued! (Mark 6:15) Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  33. The Protection of JesusV. 16-21 • Matthew 14:22-33 • As long as Peter kept his eyes on Jesus, he was OK. When he took his eyes off Him, Peter sank! Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  34. The Protection of JesusV. 16-21 • V.20 • “…It is I; be not afraid.”, Ego eimi • “I am”, YHWH; the covenant name of God Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  35. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 7 • V.26 • “…Verily, verily, I say unto you, Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but because ye did eat of the loaves, and were filled.” • Four times Jesus says, “Verily, verily” (Jn 6:26,32,47,53); three times in the upper room (Jn 13:16,20,21) A total of seven times! Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  36. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 • V.27 • “… for him hath God the Father sealed.” • “Seal of God upon Him.” A seal is an authentication, a guarantee • It is irreversible • Jesus was sealed as the Son of Man Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  37. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 • V.27 • For how long was Jesus incarnate? Forever! • The Rabbis say the seal of God is truth, emeth (threeletters; Aleph, Mem, Tau = first, middle, last) • We are also sealed (Eph 1:13) Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  38. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 • Ephesians 1:13 • We are also sealed: “In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that Holy Spirit of promise,” Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  39. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 • V.28-29 • “… What shall we do, that we might work the works of God?” “Work of God”: “…that ye believe on Himwhom He hath sent.” Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  40. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 V.31-34 “Manna,” (an untranslated word meaning, “what is this?”) God used the term “manna” only once, and was referring to Israel’s willfulness, vs “Bread”, which is what He called it The word manna is derogatory It was despised (Num 11:7) Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  41. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 Manna vs. Christ Gift of God through mediation of Moses ...Jesus given directly by God Given temporarily, ceased in Canaan ...Jesus given continuously Given only to Israel ...Jesus given to the whole world Sustained physical life until death ...Jesus sustains spiritual life forever Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  42. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 V.35 “I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.” “comes”, Erchomenos, a serious commitment; pisteunon, continuing trust after coming Both verbs also repeated in John 7:37-38 with the living water Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  43. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 I AM the bread of life (John 6:35, 48) 7 • Seven “I am” Statements I AM the light of the world (John 8:12) I AM the door (John 10:9) I AM the good shepherd (John 10:11) I AM the resurrection and the life (John 11:35) I AM the way, the truth, and the life (John 14:6) I AM the true vine (John 15:1) Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  44. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 • V.37 • “I will in no wise cast out.” • Definite company mentioned seven times in John 17; Ephesians 1:4; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; 2 Timothy 2:19 • Peter denied Him with an oath • Was he cast out? Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  45. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 7 • V.38 • “For I came down from heaven…” • “came down”, Katabainon • Used seven times in this chapter (John 6:33,38,41,42,50,51,58) • He emphasized His heavenly origin and exposed unbelief in the crowd Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  46. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 • V.39, 40, 44 • Three references to the resurrection: • 39 – “…raise it up again at the last day.” • 40 – “…and I will raise him up at the last day.” • 44 – “…and I will raise him up at the last day.” Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  47. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 • V.44 • “…except the Father which hath sent me draw him…” • “to draw with a moral power”, Helkusei Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  48. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 • V.45 • “It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.” • Biblical authority cited: Isaiah 54:13 (“And” implies He was holding the scroll of Isaiah and read from the text…also Jeremiah 31:33,34 and Joel 2:28-32 Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  49. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 • V.46-59 • Jesus continues to explain His plan of eternal life through eating • V.50-53 – Phagein: a single act of receiving eternal life (salvation) • V.54-59 – Trogon: continual or habitual eating (munching) Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”

  50. The Bread of LifeV. 22-59 Man died by “eating”; he is now made alive by “eating!” Mastering “…the Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God.”