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Ancient India. Indus Valley Civilization 2500 B.C.E. Developed along the Indus River in modern-day Pakistan Their cities were planned out and included sewage systems. Harappa was their most famous city. Aryans Invade the Indus Valley 1500 B.C.E. Indo-European Aryans from Caspian Sea area

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indus valley civilization 2500 b c e
Indus Valley Civilization 2500 B.C.E
  • Developed along the Indus River in modern-day Pakistan
  • Their cities were planned out and included sewage systems.
  • Harappa was their most famous city
aryans invade the indus valley 1500 b c e
Aryans Invade the Indus Valley 1500 B.C.E
  • Indo-European Aryans from Caspian Sea area
  • Developed a Caste System
  • Brought their religion to India based upon a sacred text-The Vedas
  • Hinduism developed over time
  • Hindus work to achieve moksha or complete understanding of the universe
  • Reincarnation occurs and karma follows to the next life.
buddhism develops
Buddhism Develops
  • Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha)-developed Buddhism in the 500s B.C.E
  • Searched for enlightenment, or wisdom to end suffering
  • The Four Noble Truths
  • Eightfold Path/Middle Way
  • Nirvana-release from selfishness and pain.
the mauryan empire asoka and the gupta empire
The Mauryan Empire, Asoka, and the Gupta Empire
  • Chandragupta Mauryaunited India by 303 B.C.E
  • Asoka-Maurya’s grandson became India’s greatest king and spread Buddhism across India.
  • Religious Toleration
  • The Gupta Empire- “Golden Age” experienced profit from trade and achievements in the arts, science, and religious thought.
chinese dynasties
Chinese Dynasties
  • Ancient China was characterized by dynasties-series of rulers from same family
  • The Zhou Dynasty was one of the earliest (1027-256 B.C.E)
  • Farmers btw. Huang He and Chiang Jiang Rivers
  • Developed the Mandate of Heaven
  • Dynastic Cycle
confucianism develops
Confucianism Develops
  • Confucius (551-479 B.C.E)-China’s greatest philosopher
  • Developed a moral code to live by.
  • Five Relationships
  • Filial Piety-respect for parents and ancestors
  • Stressed education
  • Created a bureaucracy, or trained civil service for the government.
the qin dynasty 221 202 b c e
The Qin Dynasty (221-202 B.C.E)
  • Founded by Shi Huangdi, “First Emperor.”
  • Unified China through conquest
  • Harsh ruler; centralized autocracy
  • Burned Confucian texts
  • Built the Great Wall of China
the han dynasty 202 b c e 220 c e
The Han Dynasty (202 B.C.E-220 C.E.)
  • Expanded under Emperor Wudi, “The Martial Emperor”
  • Increased trade by building silk roads across China
  • Created a Bureaucracy with civil service jobs
  • Examination System based upon Confucianism
  • Spread Chinese thought
  • Technology (paper)