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Proverbs PowerPoint Presentation

Proverbs

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Proverbs

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  1. Proverbs Week 3, Cycle 3

  2. Proverbs: • Authors: • King Solomon • Agur • King Lemuel

  3. Proverbs: • “Yaweh” is mentioned 90 times in the book • It does not mention priests, prophets or kings • The book is quoted directly 14 times in the rest of Scripture • Proverbs preaches to our Mondays and not just our Sundays – it is wisdom for all circumstances

  4. Proverbs: • The book presents us with a moral choice • Its not a mental/intellectual choice – but a question of morals/character • We must choose between WISDOM or FOLLY – we will land up with one of them – which do we choose. • They are both personified and personlised in the book • They cannot coexist

  5. Proverbs: • There are 4 groups of people spoken about in the book: • The wise: they heed and receive the truth • The naïve: they are easily deceived – do not heed the truth • The scoffer: they are cynical and sarcastic – toward God and spiritual things • The fool: they reject God’s wisdom – they are dull and wicked

  6. Proverbs: • There are 5 major themes: • The wise man • The fool • Words • Family • Friends/neighbours

  7. 1. The proverbs are proverbs • Proverbs are proverbs NOT PROMISES • What is a proverb: • “a brief saying that is used to communicate much truth” • Root of the word = “to govern” or “rule” therefore: “proverbs are wise, concise sayings that are to be used in governing our lives” • “a timeless truth that can be used in different situations in life”

  8. 1. The proverbs are proverbs • A proverb is a general observation on life • A promise is a particular obligation • Don’t quote proverbs as promises

  9. 2. Proverbs is poetry • The truths were written in a format that makes them easy to remember • Hebrew poetry is written according to RHYTHM and not rhyme • Its about beat as well as rhythm of thought • Rhythm of though is achieved by parallelism • Which is: pairs of lines that relate to each other

  10. 2. Proverbs is poetry – 3 types of parallelism: • Synonymous Parallelism • “and” • The first line is repeated in the second line • Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall

  11. 2. Proverbs is poetry – 3 types of parallelism: • Antithetical Parallelism • “but” • The first line is contradicted by the second line • He who oppresses the poor shows contempt for their Maker, but whoever is kind to the needy honours God.

  12. 2. Proverbs is poetry – 3 types of parallelism: • Synthetic Parallelism: • “for” • The first line is advanced by the second line • Stay away from a foolish man, for you will not find knowledge on his lips.

  13. 2. Proverbs is poetry: • The rhythm is lost in translation • Chapters 10 – 15 are antithetic • Chapters 16 – 22 are synonymous • Proverbs 31 is an acrostic poem – each line starts with the next letter of the Hebrew alphabet.

  14. 3. Proverbs is patriarchal: • All of the proverbs are addressed to men • Same as letters in the New Testament – addressed to men • If the men get it right, if they lead their lives and their families on the right paths and in wisdom then the women and children will be right too.

  15. Wisdom: • Worldly wisdom is about choosing your most profitable option but godly wisdom is about what is best for your character • 1 Corinthians 3:19 • What is heavenly wisdom? • James 3:13-18 • The value of wisdom • Job 28 • Even Jesus had to grow in wisdom • Luke 2:52 • Want it? Ask for it • James 1:5

  16. Your turn: • Write 3 proverbs: • Pick a theme to write about • 1 with antithetic parallelism • 1 with synthetic parallelism • 1 with synonymous parallelism • Write them from yourownexperience