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Campaign Year of 1775 - 1776 PowerPoint Presentation
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Campaign Year of 1775 - 1776

Campaign Year of 1775 - 1776

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Campaign Year of 1775 - 1776

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  1. Campaign Year of 1775 - 1776

  2. American Advantages and Disadvantages • Advantages • Fighting for a cause • Familiar with the territory • Familiar with guns • Privateers • Eventually got foreign help

  3. American Advantages and Disadvantages • Disadvantages • Untrained army • Few war materials • No navy

  4. English ( British ) Advantages and Disadvantages • Advantages • Large well trained army and well disciplined • Navy • Most powerful country in the world

  5. English ( British ) Advantages and Disadvantages • Disadvantages • Fighting 3,000 miles from home • Communication • Supply • Who was your enemy? • Unfamiliar with the territory • War became expensive and unpopular at home

  6. Definitions • Tories or Loyalists – colonists who remain loyal to England • Rebels or Patriots – colonists who revolt against England

  7. Campaign Year of 1775

  8. Night of April 18th – 19th“The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere”by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

  9. Battles of Lexington and Concord • Minutemen ( militia ) – citizen soldiers • April 19th – fighting at Lexington Green, Concord Bridge and all the way back to Boston

  10. The Shot Heard ‘Round the World

  11. By the end of the day the British were bottled up in Boston

  12. May 10th – Ethan Allen ( A ) and Benedict Arnold ( A ) capture Ft. Ticonderoga

  13. May, 1775 • Second Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia • Sends Olive Branch Petition to England • King George III orders 20,000 more troops to the colonies

  14. July, 1775 • Continental Congress appoints George Washington ( A ) commander – in – chief of the Continental Army

  15. July, 1775 – Battle of Bunker Hill ( B )

  16. Winter of 1775 - 1776 • Henry Knox ( A ) moves cannon from Crown Point and Ft. Ticonderoga to Boston

  17. Benedict Arnold ( A ) and Richard Montgomery ( A ) invade Canada unsuccessfully

  18. Campaign Year of 1776

  19. Boston - 1776 George Washington ( A ) puts Henry Knox’s ( A ) cannon on Dorchester Heights and the British have to evacuate Boston.

  20. In 1776, the British have a plan to win the war - gain control of the waterways of New York and divide the colonies. Crush the revolution in New England and it will fall apart in the rest of the colonies

  21. Battles for New York City George Washington ( A ) vsSir William Howe ( B ) • Battle of Long Island ( Brooklyn Heights ) • Battle of Harlem Heights • Battle of White Plains • British control New York City for the rest of the war

  22. Nathan Hale – “ I regret that I have but one life to lose for my country”

  23. Battle of Long Island ( Brooklyn Heights )

  24. Battle of White Plains

  25. Continental Congress • Philadelphia • John Hancock - President

  26. Thomas Paine • Common Sense –”tis time to part” • Sold over 500,000 copies

  27. Richard Henry Lee • June – introduces a resolution to separate from England

  28. Committee appointed to write a formal declaration of independence • John Adams • Thomas Jefferson • Ben Franklin • Roger Sherman • Robert Livingston