Breast Cancer. Cancer : cancer is not just one disease but rather a group of diseases. All forms of cancer cause cells in the body to change and grow out of control. Most types of cancer cells form a lump or mass called a tumor .
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Cancer is the name given to a large number of diseases.
Over 75% of women who are diagnosed with breast cancer are age 50 or older.
Excluding skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer in women.
GENDER - All
Treatment w/ DES (Diethylstilbestrol)- Between 1940 and 1960, some pregnant women were given DES to lower their chances of miscarriage. Recent studies show that these women have a 35% increased risk of getting breast cancer.
Alcohol: Alcohol is clearly linked with an increased risk of breast cancer. Those who have 2 to 5 drinks daily have about 1½ times the risk of women who drink no alcohol.
Mammography refers to x-ray of the breast. Mammography is used to detect and diagnose breast disease both in women who have breast symptoms (problems such as a lump, pain or nipple discharge) and women who are asymptomatic (no breast complaints).
Older women are at highest risk for breast cancer, yet they are the least likely to get mammograms.
A clinical breast examination (CBE) is an examination of your breasts by a health professional, such as a physician, nurse practitioner, nurse, or physician assistant.
For this examination, you undress from the waist up. The health professional will first inspect (look at) your breast for changes in size or shape.
Then, using the pads of the fingers, the examiner will gently palpate (feel) your breasts. Special attention will be given to the shape and texture of the breasts, location of any lumps, and whether such lumps are attached to the skin or to deeper tissues.
The area under both arms and above and below the collar bones will also be examined.
During the CBE is a good time for the health professional to teach breast self-examination to the woman who does not already know how to examine her breasts.
Ask your doctor or nurse to teach you and watch your technique.
Average-size lump found by woman practicing occasional breast self-exam (BSE)
Average-size lump found by woman practicing regular breast self-exam (BSE)
Average-size lump found by first mammogram
Average-size lump found by getting regular mammograms
Early breast cancer
may not have symptoms.
Women should seek immediate medical advice is they have any of these warning signs:
I have pain in my breast and under my arm.
-Lymphadenopathy with an enlarged lymph node approximately 2 cm in diameter suggested metastatic node
-The size of malignant mass was 8x9 cm
Ultrasound and Biopsy :
-Solid mass favouring malignancy, abnormal lymph node apperance and evaluation suggested malignancy.
Breast canrcinoma,ductal type
The disease is metastatic and liable to extend to the chest wall and lung as well as other organs if not treated aggressively.