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Breast Cancer Casey and Tabitha What is it? Breast cancer is a cancerous tumor that starts from cells of the breast. The disease occurs mostly in women, but men can get breast cancer too. About 178,480 women in the United States will be found to have invasive breast cancer in 2007.

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Breast Cancer


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breast cancer

Breast Cancer

Casey and Tabitha

what is it
What is it?
  • Breast cancer is a cancerous tumor that starts from cells of the breast.
  • The disease occurs mostly in women, but men can get breast cancer too.
who does it affect
About 178,480 women in the United States will be found to have invasive breast cancer in 2007.

About 40,460 women will die from the disease this year.

Right now there are slightly over 2 million women living in the United States who have been treated for breast cancer.

The chance of a woman having invasive breast cancer some time during her life is about 1 in 8. The chance of dying from breast cancer is about 1 in 33.

Who does it affect?
how is it caused
How is it caused?
  • Scientists do not yet know exactly what causes breast cancer, but they do know that certain risk factors are linked to the disease.
risk factors
Risk Factors you can NOT change

Gender

Age

Genetic risk factors

Family history

Personal history of breast cancer

Race

Abnormal breast biopsy

Earlier breast radiation

Menstrual periods

Treatment with DES

Risk Factors you can have some control over

Not having children

Birth control pills

Postmenopausal hormone therapy (PHT; also called hormone replacement therapy)

Breast-feeding and pregnancy

Alcohol

Obesity and high-fat diets

Exercise

Risk Factors…?
how can you stop it
How can you stop it?
  • It could be that a woman of average risk for breast cancer might lower her risk somewhat by changing those risk factors that can be changed. These include giving birth to several children and breast-feeding them for several months, not drinking alcohol, exercising regularly, and staying slim.
  • It is also important for women to follow the American Cancer Society’s guidelines for finding breast cancer early.
what does it feel like
What does it feel like?

The most common sign of breast cancer is a new lump or mass. Other signs of breast cancer include the following:

  • a swelling of part of the breast
  • skin irritation or dimpling
  • nipple pain or the nipple turning inward
  • redness or scaliness of the nipple or breast skin
  • a nipple discharge other than breast milk
  • a lump in the underarm area
how can you treat it
Local treatment is to treat a tumor without affecting the rest of the body. Surgery and radiation are examples of local treatment.

Systemic treatment is given into the bloodstream or by mouth to reach cancer cells that may have spread beyond the breast. Chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy are systemic treatments.

When people who seem to have no cancer left after surgery are given more treatment it is referred to as adjuvant therapy.

How can you treat it?
is it passed through heredity
Is it passed through Heredity?

YES!

  • Very often breast cancer is passed through heredity. If it has been common through your family you should get tested regularly.