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1848-51 From Republic to Empire. www.educationforum.co.uk. France – How about another French Revolution?. 1848 – the government of Louis-Philippe was known for its corruption.

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1848 51 from republic to empire

1848-51 From Republic to Empire


france how about another french revolution
France – How about another French Revolution?
  • 1848 – the government of Louis-Philippe was known for its corruption.
  • Francois Guizot – Louis-Philippe’s minister told the people of France to go forth and make themselves rich. For anyone who was not rich – it was his won fault according to Guizot.
  • French urban workers benefited little from Louis-Philippe’s reign.
  • Socialism was emerging
  • By 1848 there was growing discontent with Louis-Philippe
  • Poor harvest led to hunger and food shortages
  • The middle class wanted greater access to power
  • The middle bourgeois began holding banquets that were rallies for change. February 21, 1848, the government banned such banquets.
  • Parisian workers took to the street – urged on by the middle bourgeois.
  • February 24, 1848 – Louis-Philippe fled to Britain
the second republic
The Second Republic
  • At first – the workers of Paris began to influence the new National Assembly representing the urban workers
  • National Workshops and poor relief were implemented
  • BUT the April 23, 1848 vote – based on universal male suffrage – did not elect a government of workers or radicals. A far more conservative government of the middle and upper bourgeois was elected
june days 1848
June Days - 1848
  • June of 1848 – the poor and working class of Paris turned again to the barricades – hoping to change the government
  • Troops attacked and destroyed the barricades and the rebellion. Thousands were killed – social revolution was avoided.
louis napoleon bonaparte
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte
  • In the chaos of the June Days – many middle and upper class people of France looked to Louis Napoleon Bonaparte “Little Napoleon” for leadership.
  • He was Napoleon’s nephew – son of his brother and son of Josephine’s daughter
  • Late 1848 – Louis Napoleon wins the presidential election
louis napoleon
Louis Napoleon
  • Louis Napoleon begins to argue with the National assembly as he pushes for more and more power
  • He makes himself appear to be the true supporter of the people
  • He wanted to run for re-election but it was forbidden by the new constitution. When the National Assembly refused to change the constitution, Louis Napoleon sent troops to disperse the National Assembly – on the anniversary of his uncle’s victory in the Battle of Austerlitz
  • Over 10,000 people who opposed his coup were transported to Algeria
  • A PLEBISCITE on December 21, 1851 approved Louis Napoleon’s actions and a new constitution that gave power to Louis Napoleon. 7.5 million vs. 600,000
  • December 1852 – Louis Napoleon declares himself emperor and the end of the Second Republic.
  • The Second Empire was approved by plebiscite. Again, a democratic France was replaced by a monarchy. Conservative bourgeois triumphed over liberals and proletariat.