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From Republic to Empire

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  1. From Republic to Empire

  2. City on Seven Hills • Latin's • Settled along the Tiber River

  3. City on Seven Hills • Romulus and Remus • Mother was Latin woman, Father was Mars (god of war)

  4. Romans • Shared peninsula with the Etruscans

  5. Romans • Shared peninsula with the Etruscans • Romans learned • Alphabet

  6. Romans • Shared peninsula with the Etruscans • Romans learned • Alphabet • Arch construction

  7. Romans • Shared peninsula with the Etruscans • Romans learned • Alphabet • Arch construction • Gods and Goddesses

  8. Roman - Latins Romans conquer – 509 BC - Latins drive out the Etruscans Greek City States

  9. Roman - Latins Romans conquer – • 509 BC - Latins drive out the Etruscans • Greek City States Success due to • Skillful diplomacy • Well trained army • Legion – 5000 man units • Loyalty, courage, respect for authority

  10. Res Publica - Republic Senate – most powerful legislators • 300 members all Patricians • Landowning upper class (Aristocrats)

  11. 509 BC Latins drive out the EtruscansRes Publica - Republic Senate • 300 members all Patricians • Landowning upper class Consuls – elected by Senate • Supervise business, government, and armies

  12. 509 BC Latins drive out the EtruscansRes Publica - Republic Tribunes Represent the Plebeians– Farmers,merchants, and traders • Right to VETO

  13. 509 BC Latins drive out the EtruscansRes Publica - Republic Dictator Elected in time of war

  14. Punic WarsRome vs CarthageEarly Phoenician Colony

  15. Punic WarsRome vs CarthageEarly Phoenician Colony Rome fought for Empire (Imperialism)

  16. Punic WarsRome vs CarthageEarly Phoenician Colony Rome fought for Empire (Imperialism) Carthage fought for self-preservation (They had empire of their own)

  17. CarthageNorth AfricaPunic War Hannibal attacks Rome from North Elephants

  18. CarthageNorth AfricaPunic War Hannibal returns to protect Carthage Defeated on open plains

  19. Romans Destroyed Carthage. • poured salt on all of farm land to never let Carthage return. • Roman law let you live…but, if you went against them…

  20. Mare Nostrum “Our Sea”

  21. Roman Republic Declines

  22. Julius CaesarMilitary General • Led army nine years in Gaul

  23. Julius CaesarMilitary General • Led army nine years in Gaul • Pompey convinced Senate to call him home

  24. Julius CaesarMilitary General • Led army nine years in Gaul • Pompey convinced Senate to call him home • He came home – Took over the Senate

  25. Julius CaesarMilitary General • Reorganized a corrupt Senate • Allowed more people Citizenship

  26. Julius CaesarMilitary General • Reorganized a corrupt Senate • Allowed more people Citizenship • Veni, Vedi, Vici • I came, I saw, I conquered • Re-established Mediterranean • …and Married Egyptian Queen, Cleopatra.

  27. Julius CaesarMilitary General • Assassinated on Senate Floor • Fear of him naming himself Emperor – or Caesar

  28. Octavian and Mark Antony Octavian– Caesar’s grandnephew Mark Antony – general joined together to hunt down the murderers

  29. Cleopatra VII • After Caesar assassinated • Marries Mark Antony - Illegal in Rome

  30. Octavian and Mark Antony Go to War over control of Roman Empire used Cleopatra’s and Antony’s relationship as a political tool

  31. Battle of Actium Octavian defeats Antony • takes supreme rule of Rome • names himself Emperor, turning Rome into an Empire • one of the most influential empires the world has known

  32. Octavian soon becomes Augustus or • “Exalted One”

  33. PaxRomana Roman Peace 200 year Period Augustus to Marcus Aurelius

  34. Entertainment • Chariot Races • Gladiator Contests • Many gladiators were slaves trained to fight • Emperor Nero ….Let the Christians fight the lions