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Title Tower Blocks Objective To learn why tower blocks were built in inner city areas and whether they have been a succe PowerPoint Presentation
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Title Tower Blocks Objective To learn why tower blocks were built in inner city areas and whether they have been a successful form of redevelopment. Key Words Comprehensive Redevelopment Urban Renewal. Why were tower blocks built?.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Title

Tower Blocks

Objective

To learn why tower blocks were built in inner city areas and whether they have been a successful form of redevelopment.

Key Words

Comprehensive Redevelopment

Urban Renewal

slide2

Why were tower blocks built?

Tower blocks were built in the 1960’s and 70’s to help ease the problems of overcrowding within inner city areas.

slide3

Large areas of terraced housing was raised to the ground and replaced by Tower Blocks.

This process was known as Comprehensive Redevelopment – areas of low quality buildings were supposedly replaced by newer and higher quality buildings

slide4

Tower blocks were built close to the CBD – they were cheap to build and provided affordable public sector housing for low income earners.

Building upwards instead of outwards also saved on the amount of expensive land that was utilised.

slide9

The first postwar estates were a massive advance on the housing conditions for the majority of working class people. They had separate bathrooms, a 1951 census found 5 million people across the country were still dependent on public washrooms for baths.

Many of the new estates and tower blocks had central heating ­ something unheard of until then. They were spacious, in fact 37 percent more spacious than the pre-war low cost housing standards.

slide10

Unattractive and soulless buildings

Inadequate for families

Problems with

Tower Blocks

Feeling of isolation

Lack of open space

Cheap construction – building deterioration.

Noise Pollution

Vandalism & Neglect

slide11

By the mid 1990’s, many of the old tower blocks were being demolished and the existing residents re-housed.

slide13

Areas where tower blocks once stood have undergone a form of Urban Renewal. In some cases, being replaced by buildings such as these flats in Glasgow.

slide15

There are over 4,000 tower blocks, homes for perhaps 800,000 people. The Government forecasts that 4.4 million new households may form in England by 2016, and there is severe pressure resisting further building on green-field sites.

Tower blocks may form a sustainable way of living.