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Pulp Quality Pulp Strength Delivery – Martin MacLeod PowerPoint Presentation
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Pulp Quality Pulp Strength Delivery – Martin MacLeod

Pulp Quality Pulp Strength Delivery – Martin MacLeod

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Pulp Quality Pulp Strength Delivery – Martin MacLeod

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Pulp Quality Pulp Strength Delivery – Martin MacLeod Qualities of Kraft Pulp • Strong – Kraft means “strength” • Can pulp any wood type • Sulfite pulp is sensitive to extractives • Good recovery system • Hard to bleach

  2. Pulp Quality Pulp Strength Delivery Delivering strong pulp is a goal in every mill but the commercial digester appears to be our worst enemy

  3. How is a mill pulp different than pulp made in a pilot reactor? There can be several differences

  4. How is a mill pulp different than pulp made in a pilot reactor? Most importantly – strength of commercial pulp is always lower

  5. How is a mill pulp different than pulp made in a pilot reactor? Case A shows considerable strength loss – Spruce/fir pulp of Kappa 31 Case B shows much less strength loss is characteristic of Kamyr continuous digesters (but not all Kamyrs) – Western hemlock Most importantly – strength of commercial pulp is always lower

  6. How is a mill pulp different than pulp made in a pilot reactor? All Types of Commercial Digesters Produce Weaker Pulp Solid lines refer to pilot-plant pulps, dashed lines to commercial B = Batch, C = Continuous

  7. Do Hardwoods Have This Problem? NO

  8. Do Hardwoods Have This Problem? NO – Shorter and more flexible hardwood fibers appear to be able to escape the digester without damage Hardwood Softwood

  9. Explicit definition of strength delivery Tear index of mill made pulp relative to its pilot-plant reference pulp at a constant (mid-range) tensile strength

  10. Where in the fiber line is the strength loss? The digester appears to be the culprit

  11. Where in the fiber line is the strength loss? The digester appears to be the culprit – The digester is where we get significant changes in chemistry and severe mechanical action on the fibers during the blow

  12. How many mills have this problem? • MacLeod and others have looked at lots of mill with regard to strength loss. • All kraft mills pulping softwood show some strength loss • A bisulfite mill producing bleachable grade softwood pulp did not yield any strength loss

  13. How many mills have this problem? The mills average about 75% performance but none come near perfection.

  14. Where in the digester is the problem? Do conditions in the digester lead to weaker pulp? Is it the blow that weakens the pulp? Is there something else going on here?

  15. Where in the digester is the problem? To investigate strength loss in batch digesters, baskets were hung in the digester to perform in-situ pilot cooks

  16. Where in the digester is the problem?

  17. Where in the digester is the problem? • Lessons learned • The pulp from the basket was somewhat weaker but not the major source of strength loss • Most (about 2/3) of the strength loss appears to occur across the blow • Blow line sampling can be trouble and should probably be avoided We might expect the same thing from a continuous digester but no studies have been done – at least that I know of.

  18. A Happy Accident • A basket broke in one experiment causing the pulp to be cooked twice • Kappa 21; Viscosity of 21mPa.s • Compared over cooked with blown pulp • Pilot and mill cooked

  19. A Happy Accident Effect of overcooking much less than that of damage in blow

  20. What is happening to the fibers? A - Pilot made fibers have mild cell-wall damageB – Blown mill fibers show severe damage and frequent collapse of the cell wall

  21. How do you minimize the damage? • Displacement batch digesters (RDH, SuperBatch) leave pulp cool and low consistency at end of the cook • Ideal for pumping out digester • Applied in Sunds SuperBatch systems • Potentially can be applied to conventional digesters if digester can be cooled

  22. How well did pumping work?

  23. How well did pumping work?