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Vitamins and their functions

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  1. Vitamins and their functions

  2. Vitamin A A A

  3. Vitamin A • Remember– In order to get an A on the test, You need to be able to see it! Vitamin A helps eyesight

  4. Vitamin D D D

  5. Rickets Disease

  6. Rickets

  7. Vitamin D • Remember… Rickey D Like Mickey D Vitamin D prevents Rickets

  8. Vitamin E E E

  9. Vitamin K K K

  10. Vitamin C C C

  11. Scurvy Disease

  12. Vitamin C • Remember… In the olden days, sailors were nick - named Limeys. They ate Limes (vitamin C to prevent Scurvy).

  13. Thiamine B1

  14. Beriberi Symptoms Symptoms of dry beriberi include: Difficulty walking Loss of feeling (sensation) in hands and feet Loss of muscle function or paralysis of the lower legs Mental confusion/speech difficulties Pain Strange eye movements (nystagmus) Tingling Vomiting Symptoms of wet beriberi include: Awakening at night short of breath Increased heart rate Shortness of breath with activity Swelling of the lower legs

  15. Thiamine B1 • Remember… Sumo Wrestlers have Beri, beri BIG Thighs. Thiamine Prevents Beriberi

  16. Riboflavin B2

  17. Niacin

  18. Pellagra

  19. Niacin • Remember… If you Cin, You will go to Pell Niacin prevents Pellagra

  20. Folacin (Folic acid)

  21. Vitamin B6

  22. Vitamin B12

  23. Vitamins Study Guide • Vitamins are found in nearly all the foods on My Pyramid • Vitamins do not provide energy • but they are essential because they regulate the body chemistry and body functions • Vitamins cannot be produced by our bodies.

  24. They must be ingested or eaten in our food. • Vitamins assist the body in using food by bringing about biochemical reactions so life can be maintained • Vitamins are divided into two groups: • 1. fat-soluble • 2. water-soluble • Examples are: • 1. Fat-soluble - A, D, E, K • 2. Water-soluble - C, B complex, Folacin

  25. Fat-soluble vitamins are transported through the body by what method? • being carried and stored in fat • Water-soluble vitamins are transported through the body by what method? • being dissolved in water • Some people believe that if small doses of vitamins are good for you, more is better. Too few vitamins keep the body from what? • from operating at full capacity

  26. Too many vitamins may be damaging to your health – toxic. • Just as too much gasoline in a fuel tank, too many vitamins will be excreted or stored and an excess can be toxic. • Vitamin supplements can not improve athletic performance. • Most people do not need a vitamin supplement. • Antioxidants have not been proven to prevent cancer. • Oranges & tomatoes are good sources of Vitamin C.

  27. Vitamins and their functions