slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
PESTICIDES! Do you have an attitude? PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
PESTICIDES! Do you have an attitude?

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

PESTICIDES! Do you have an attitude? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 114 Views
  • Uploaded on

PESTICIDES! Do you have an attitude?. Dr. David Shetlar (the BugDoc). The Ohio State University/OARDC. OSU Extension. Columbus, OH. Where did you get your values concerning pesticides?. Parent(s)? Teacher(s)? Peers? Research into Subject??. Watch out for Charged Words !. Natural.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'PESTICIDES! Do you have an attitude?' - borka


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

PESTICIDES!

Do you have an attitude?

Dr. David Shetlar (the BugDoc)

The Ohio State University/OARDC

OSU Extension

Columbus, OH

slide2

Where did you get your values concerning pesticides?

Parent(s)?

Teacher(s)?

Peers?

Research into Subject??

slide3

Watch out for Charged Words!

Natural

Synthetic

Organic

Chemical

Biological

Genetic Engineered

Risk

Safe

Carcinogen

Toxic

Toxic

slide4

The Numbers Games

Measuring increases and decreases:

Ex: 1 in 1,000,000 versus 2 in 1,000,000

“the incidence doubled”

“the rate increased by 100%”

“twice as many …..”

Yet: 2 in 1,000,000 versus 1 in 1,000,000

“the rate decreased by 50%”

“half as many …..”

slide5

The Numbers Games

Comparing Studies with Unequal Numbers:

Ex:

12 of 400 wells in 1992 had pesticides.

10 of 100 wells in 1995 had pesticides.

Therefore:

3% of wells in 1992 were “contaminated”

while

10% of wells in 1995 were “contaminated”

Newspaper headline: OVER A 300% INCREASE!

slide6

Common Misconceptions

(in my view)

Pastoral View –

“Older, simpler ways of life were better than today’s”

Organic View –

“Natural and/or organic products and materials are safer

than synthetic.”

No Risk in Banning Pesticides View –

“There are no real risks in banning pesticides.”

or

“Life would be better without pesticides.”

slide7

What are the Major World Human Diseases?

  • AIDS?
  • Cancer?
  • Diarrhea?
  • Malaria?
slide8

Table 1Number of deaths, developing world, by age group and cause

Number of deaths (in thousands)

Cause of death

0-4

5-14

15-44

45-59

60+

All ages

Respiratory infections

2,710

244

139

78

813

3,984

Diarrheal diseases

2,474

210

97

30

54

2,865

Tuberculosis

71

151

696

534

526

1,978

Malaria

632

153

109

22

12

928

Tetanus

450

28

10

8

8

504

Pertussis

277

44

-

-

-

321

HIV

56

10

162

14

6

248

Meningitis

130

60

28

7

8

233

Syphilis

77

-

103

10

-

190

Other infectious

434

226

180

94

94

1,028

TOTAL infectious

8,174

1,269

1,524

797

1,521

13,285

Perinatal

2,402

-

-

-

-

2,402

Congenital

503

42

43

5

-

589

Pregnancy-related

-

12

408

7

-

427

Injuries

487

407

1,683

381

462

3,420

Cancer

43

64

411

967

2,211

3,696

Cardiovascular

122

80

540

1,368

6,908

9,018

Chronic respiratory

156

50

90

222

1,818

2,336

Other

556

296

674

709

1,676

3,911

TOTAL

12443

2,220

5,373

4,456

14,596

39,088

slide9

Do you know of a family member or acquaintance that died from:

  • Car accident?
  • Cancer?
  • War?
  • Random shooting?
  • Drug overdose?
  • Pesticide exposure?
slide10

Reported Human Poisonings

(reported in 1988 by the

American Association of Poison Control Centers)

slide11

Reported Human Poisonings

(reported in 1988 by the

American Association of Poison Control Centers)

Pesticides

slide12

Reported Human Poisonings

(reported in 1988 by the

American Association of Poison Control Centers)

Actual Fatalities

Total poisonings = 1,368,748

Total Fatalities = 545

Pesticide Fatalities = 14 (most by suicide)

slide13

Reported Human Poisonings

(reported in 1998 by the

American Association of Poison Control Centers)

Pesticides

slide14

Reported Human Poisonings

(reported in 1998 by the

American Association of Poison Control Centers)

Actual Fatalities

Total poisonings = 1,399,545

Total Fatalities = 249

Pesticide Fatalities = 16 (14 by suicide)

slide15

Human Deaths

from animals (approx. 200/year)

[1989 Men’s Health Magazine, April, 1992]

slide16

Turf Insecticide LD50s

Organophosphates (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors)

Acephate (Orthene) 980

Chlorpyrifos (Dursban) 270

Diazinon 400

Ethoprop (Mocap) 62

Fonofos (Crusade) 18

Isofenphos (Oftanol) 20

Isazofos (Triumph) 40-60

Malathion 1000

Trichlorfon (Dylox/Proxol) 250

slide17

Turf Insecticide LD50s

Carbamates (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors)

Bendiocarb (Turcam) 156

Carbaryl (Sevin) 246

Pyrethroids (disrupt nerve sodium pump)

Bifenthrin (Talstar) 375

Cyfluthrin (Tempo) 826

Fluvalinate (Mavrik) 282

L-cyhalothrin (Scimitar) 79

Permethrin (Astro) 430

slide18

Imidacloprid (Merit)

450

3783-5000

Spinosads (Conserve)

Halofenozide (MACH2)

2850

Fipronil (Chipco Choice)

97

Turf Insecticide LD50s

Chloronicotinyl (post-synaptic block, nicotinic acetycholine sites)

Spinosad (synaptic block of nicotinic acetycholine sites)

Diacylhydrazine (molt accelerating compound, induces molt)

Thianicotinyl (post-synaptic block, nicotinic acetycholine sites)

Thiamethoxam (Meridian)

1563

Phenylpyrazoles (GABA receptor disruption)