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Agenda • Documentary & Observation sheet • Questions go in order • Don’t worry about spelling • Cuban Missile Crisis History Short
The Cuban Missile Crisis October 1962
Section 1 Questions… • Who were the major players in the Cuban Missile Crisis? • Russian Premier Nikita Kruschchev • US President John F. Kennedy • Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro • Why was the Soviet Union upset? • The US had placed nuclear missiles in Turkey, next to the Soviet Union. • What did the Soviet Union do? • Place nuclear missiles in Cuba, pointed at the US.
Section 2 Questions… • When the US analyzed the first photos of the freighters near Cuba, what did they see? • Fighter jets, patrol boats and trucks, but NO evidence of nuclear missiles • What did the Cubans mean by an “open secret”? • A secret that millions of Cubans knew about • What did the US see when they analyzed later photos? • SAMs – Surface to Air Missiles
Section 3 Questions… • If a nuclear weapon was launched from Cuba, where would it hit the US? • Washington, DC; Baltimore; the entire southeast US • What was the first option discussed to destroy the missiles? • Air strike • What problems that Kennedy didn’t know about would the US face with an invasion? • Battlefield nuclear missiles; armed Soviet submarines at sea
Section 4 Questions… • What did the word “quarantine” really mean? • A blockade • When did Kennedy want the air strikes done? • Before any missiles were ready to fire • What did Kennedy tell the American public in October 1962? • There were Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba and this was considered an attack on the US.
Section 5 Questions… • What did Adlai Stevenson do at the UN meeting? • Show photographic proof of the missiles to the Soviets in front of the United Nations • What happened when the Soviet sub surfaced? • US moved to DEFCON-2 defense position • What was DEFCON-2? • Orders to have the military prepare for a nuclear war that is VERY close
Section 6 Questions… • What did Kruschchev first offer Kennedy? • The Soviet Union would remove the missiles in exchange for the US end the quarantine and not invade Cuba • What did Kruschev offer Kennedy, according to the news? • Soviet Union would remove the missiles in Cuba and the US would remove its weapons in Turkey • What happened to Major Rudolph Anderson? • He was shot down and killed by a Soviet missile
Section 6 Questions, continued… • What did Bobby Kennedy negotiate as a solution? • Soviets would remove their weapons from Cuba • US would end the quarantine and promise not to attack Cuba • What was the secret incentive offered to the Soviets? • US would remove missiles from Turkey, but it had to be kept SECRET by the Soviets • What does Kruschchev announce? • The Soviet Union will remove its weapons from Cuba