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Economics of Transferring Crop Land to Grazing. Ed Ballard Animal Systems Educator Effingham Center. Beef Stockers. Dairy. Which System Is More Profitable ?. Soybeans. Beef Cow Calf. Sheep. Goats. Trends in Selected Factors Central Illinois FBFM Associations.

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Economics of Transferring Crop Land to Grazing


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economics of transferring crop land to grazing

Economics of Transferring Crop Land to Grazing

Ed Ballard

Animal Systems Educator

Effingham Center

slide2

Beef

Stockers

Dairy

Which

System

Is

More

Profitable?

Soybeans

Beef

Cow

Calf

Sheep

Goats

soybean yield history for shelby county
Soybean Yield History For Shelby County

Year Yield Year Yield

1960 24.0 1992 44.5

1965 30.0 1993 44.0

1970 30.0 1994 44.5

1975 35.0 1995 36.0

1980 33.5 1996 32.5

1990 37.0 1997 38.0

1991 37.5 1999 37.0

actual soybean costs central illinois land
Actual Soybean CostsCentral Illinois Land

Costs 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Variable Costs $95 $98 $103 $100 $96

Other non-land $102 $106 $121 $115 $114

Total Land Costs $139 $149 $150 $150 $151

Total cost/acre $336 $353 $374 $365 $361

Yield/acre 36 32.5 38 41 37

Price Received $5.76 $7.28 $7.65 $6.50 $5.45

All costs/bu $7.72 $7.68 $6.95$7.38 $7.60

estimated costs of soybean production 2000
Estimated Costs of Soybean Production 2000

Yield Variable Total Costs

Level Costs (Per Bushel)

40 $2.50 ($100/a) $6.70

45 $2.26 ($102/a) $6.66

50 $2.09 ($105/a) $6.65

estimated soybean costs illinois 2000
Estimated Soybean CostsIllinois 2000

Variable Costs 40bu 45bu 50bu

Fertility $21 $22 $24

Herbicides 34 34 34

Seed 18 18 18

Drying & Storage 6 7 8

Machinery, rep, fuel 13 13 13

Crop Ins & Int 8 8 8

Variable Costs $100 $102 $105

fixed costs for soybeans 2000
Fixed Costs for Soybeans, 2000

Fixed Costs 40 Bu 45 Bu 50 Bu

Labor (2hr/$10) $20 $20 $20

Bldg rep. & Dep 8 8 8

Machinery Dep 17 17 17

Interest on Invest 23 23 23

Overhead (Ins.,util.) 15 15 15

Land (cash rented) 80 110 140

Total Fixed Costs $163 $193 $223

dairying for profit expenses
Dairying for Profit – Expenses

* 1.75 full time employees

slide26

Terry & Elmer Becherer

150 Ewes

15 Acre

slide29

Stockpiled Orchardgrass & Brome Grass

11/30/00

Protein 14.64

RFV 105

slide32

Cliff Schuette

Beef Producer

Breese, IL

slide39

Cliff Schuette

Turnips

and Cereal Rye

Airseed 8/25/2000

Barkant Turnips-3 lbs

Rye 2 Bu

Airplane $8/Acre

Corn 183 Bu/acre

Atrazine 1 lb

Partner April 28

slide40

Seeded August 20

Growth Sept. 7, 2001

slide41

Turnip, 3 lbs, Oats 1 Bu, and Rye 1 1/2 Bu

Aerial Seeded August 29, 2001

Picture Sept 7, 2001

slide44

11/30/00

Protein 16.59

RFV 114

01/19/2001

Protein 12.79

RFV 92

slide45

Max Q Tall Fescue

seeded Fall, 2000

slide46

John Hebert Stocker Grazing

Alfalfa-Orchardgrass

slide55

John Hebert

Inspecting

Ryegrass

No-till into

Soybean stubble

Fall, 2001

slide56

Paul Smith

Annual

Rye grass

aerial seeded

into standing

corn

Fall, 2001

measuring quantity and quality of forages available for grazing in illinois

Measuring Quantity and Quality of Forages Available for Grazing in Illinois

Project Summary

University of Illinois Extension

objectives
Objectives

1. Determine quantity of forage available for grazing in different areas of Illinois.

2. Record quality differences of forage during the grazing season in different areas of Illinois.

objectives continued
Objectives, continued

3. Increase producer’s ability to know and calculate amount of forage available for grazing.

4. Cooperate with and support NRCS-USDA pasture fecal sampling program.

1 two year average of data by farm during grazing season
1. Two-Year Average of Data by Farm During Grazing Season
  • Pounds of DM available per acre
  • % CP, ADF, and NDF of fresh sward samples (dm basis)
  • RFV of fresh sward samples (dm basis)
slide62

Farm / Region

Availability

CP

ADF

NDF

RFV

CR - SC

1560

16.6

32.3

56.5

107

BB - SC

1757

18.3

30.8

51.9

118

LR - SC

2311

20.8

28.5

45.9

138

DG - NC

1893

20.0

27.1

44.7

145

SC - NO

2642

16.9

31.8

54.9

110

TA - NO

1627

18.7

30.9

52.7

115

DT - NC

21.25

24.0

45.4

147

BE - NC

2366

15.62

34.0

55.3

106

GN - SO

1431

15.42

33.7

57.2

103

SF - SO

1365

20.21

29.1

50.5

124

u of i dudley smith year around grazing project
U of I Dudley Smith Year-Around Grazing Project
  • Cows grazing Alfalfa-Orchardgrass
  • April through October
  • Winter Grazing-- Corn Stalks with either
  • Turnips-Spring Oats or Springs Oats & Cereal Rye
  • Yield Data--Soil Compaction-- Insect & Weed Control
university of illinois dudley smith research farm pana year round grazing project 10 acres
1999 Results (12 cows, 12 calves & 1 bull

Beef production 475 lbs/acre

June 16 to November 1 grazing season

Cash hay production - $300/acre

2000 results (12 cows, 10 calves & 1 bull

Beef production 369.1 lbs/acre

April 12 to November 1 grazing season

2001 results (17 cows, 16 calves & 1 bull

May 2 to November 3 grazing season

Beef production 488 lbs/acre

Cash hay production $52 per acre

University of Illinois Dudley Smith Research Farm, Pana - Year-round grazing Project (10 acres)
slide70

Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4

Section 9

Section 8

Section 7

Section 6

Section 5

Section 4

Section 3

Section 2

Section 1

Section 1

Section 2

Section 3

Section 4

Section 5

Section 6

Section 7

Section 8

Section 9

February 21, 2001

February 7, 2001

January 24, 2001

January 10, 2001

December 27, 2000

December 13, 2000

November 29, 2000

November 15, 2000

November 1, 2000

November 1, 2000

November 15, 2000

November 29, 2000

December 13, 2000

December 27, 2000

January 10, 2001

January 24, 2001

February 7, 2001

February 21, 2001

Field

1

 Water

Water 

Field

2

Cornstalks &

Turnips &

Springs Oats

Cornstalks &

Springs Oats-

Cereal Rye

U of I Dudley

Smith Farm

Christian Co.

costs for winter beef cows at pana research field

Costs for Winter Beef Cows at Pana Research Field

November 1, 2000 to March 7, 2001

slide73

November 1, 2000

Turnips - Spring Oats-

Corn Stalks

Seeded August 15

Turnips- 4 lbs

Oats 1 Bu.

40 LBS N

November 1, 2000

Spring Oats -Cereal Rye-

Corn Stalks

Seeded August 15

Oats- 1 Bu.

Rye-1 1/2 Bu.

40 LBS N

slide74

January 8, 2001

18 Inches snow cover--Turnips& Oats

costs for winter grazing spring oats and turnips seeded august 9 2001
Costs for Winter Grazing Spring Oats and Turnips - Seeded August 9, 2001

Chisel- July 22 $11.00 per acre

Disc and mulch $ 9.0 per acre

Nitrogen 40 units $12.00 per acre

Seeded and mulch spring oats $ 9.00 per acre

Spring oats seed cost 1 ½ bu at ($2/bu) $ 3.00 per acre

Seeded turnips and mulch $ 9.00 per acre

Turnips seed – 4 lbs per acre( $1.80 per lb) $ 7.20 per acre

Total Seeding Cost per acre for 6.2 $60.20 per acre

Total Cost for seeding 6.2 acres $373.24

spring oats and cereal rye seeded august 9 2001
Spring Oats and Cereal RyeSeeded August 9, 2001

Chisel – July 22 $11.00 per acre

Disc and mulch $ 9.00 per acre

Nitrogen 40 Units per acre $ 12.00 per acre

Seeded amd mulch Spring Oats and cereal rye $ 9.00 per acre

Spring Oats seed cost 1 bu at $2.00 per bu $ 2.00 per acre

Cereal Rye 1 ½ bu per acrre at $5.25 per bu $ 7.87 per acre

Total Seeding Costs per acre for 6.2 acres $ 50.87 per acre

Total Cost for Seeding 6.2 acres $315.40

oats and rye in combination
Oats and Rye in Combination

Oats

Rye

ForageAvailability

Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May

MU-FSRC

slide83

Pana--Corn stalks and cereal rye March 6, 2000

Rye broadcast over top after corn harvest fall, 1999

1 1/2 Bushels per acre

slide84

Pana-March 6 to April 12, 2000

Corn stalks and Cereal Rye 3.23 LBS/DAY ADG

Corn stalks 2.70 LBS/DAY ADG

Cows were fed 4 lbs corn per day for last 14 days

five types of land management
Five Types of Land Management
  • Extended rotations of cool season pasture
  • Permanent pasture of native, warm season grasses
  • Winter grazing on a corn-soybean rotation with cover crops
  • Winter grazing on small grain-corn rotation with cover crops
  • A conventional corn-soybean rotation with no grazing