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Theory behind US Government? PowerPoint Presentation
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Theory behind US Government?

Theory behind US Government?

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Theory behind US Government?

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  1. Theory behind US Government? Social Contract

  2. When People are the source of Power? Popular Sovereignty

  3. A Government based upon rule of law? Limited Government

  4. Division of power between State and National Government? Federal Government

  5. Rule by the Many? Democracy

  6. Rule by one or a Few? Dictatorship

  7. Two Types of Democracy • Direct • Indirect (representatives)

  8. What part of the Constitution expresses popular sovereignty? Preamble

  9. Three Branches of Government? • Legislative (make) • Executive (enforce) • Judicial (interpret)

  10. What keeps branches from becoming too powerful? • Separation of Powers • Checks and Balances

  11. Separation of Powers • Legislative • Executive • Judicial

  12. Powers given only to National Government Exclusive Powers (coin money, declare war)

  13. These powers create most conflict between St. and Nat. Government. Implied Powers (not expressly written in the Constitution)

  14. Electoral Votes Needed 270

  15. When are electoral votes cast? December of election year--counted in January.

  16. Steps to become President • Primary/Caucus • National Conventions • General Election • Electoral Vote

  17. Total # of Electors? 538

  18. Minimum electors from each State? 3 (two senators + # of representatives)

  19. A Party Election is called what? Primary

  20. Purpose of National Convention? • Nominate Pres./VP. Candidates • Choose Party Platform

  21. A simple majority? 50% + 1

  22. PARTY MEETINGS ARE CALLED? CAUCUSES

  23. When the candidate receives the majority of the popular vote in a state? Winner-take-all

  24. Who runs most campaigns? Candidate and his/her staff

  25. What happens if no one wins enough electoral votes? • The House selects President • The Senate selects Vice President

  26. T/F Popular vote winner can lose election • Electoral Vote winner, wins election--candidates must win in states that have most electoral votes

  27. Voting Requirements in Texas • 18 years old, US citizen • registered 30 days prior to election • resident of state and county

  28. Number of Texas Electors 34 (2 Senators + 32 Representatives)

  29. An example of a Presidential check on Congress • Veto • Pocket Veto

  30. Congressional checks on President • override veto (2/3 vote) • Senate refuses to ratify an presidential nominee or a treaty

  31. Essays written to encourage ratification of the Constitution Federalist Papers

  32. The Ultimate Umpire? Supreme Court

  33. Supreme Court check on Congress and the President Judicial Review

  34. The Elastic Clause Necessary and Proper Clause that supports Implied Powers of our government

  35. Formal Amendment Process • Proposal (by Congress) • Ratification (by States)

  36. How are most changes in our Government made? Informally--by custom and tradition; political party practices; Supreme Ct. decisions and acts of Congress and the President

  37. The two Major Political Parties • Democratic Party • Republican Party

  38. Roles of Minor Parties • Critics • Innovators • Spoilers

  39. Role of Party “out of power” Watchdog

  40. An Organization with a focused opinion on a single topic Special Interest Group

  41. One Trend in Voting Split Ticket Voting

  42. Main Source of Political Information Television

  43. This group favors extreme change Radicals

  44. This group believes government should be active in change Liberals

  45. Motto of Liberals • Freedom over Order • Equality over Economic Freedom

  46. This groups favors “status quo” Conservatives

  47. Conservative Motto • Order over Freedom • Eco. Freedom over Equality

  48. A belief that women are more likely to favor Dem. over Rep. Gender Gap

  49. Special Interest Group that is opposed to gun control NRA

  50. Pork Barrel Politics When members of Congress get federal funds for projects in their own districts