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Seniors PowerPoint Presentation


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  1. Seniors Oral Health

  2. Introduction Maintaining healthy teeth and gums at any age is an important part of preserving your overall good health.

  3. Overview • Ontario Statistics • Oral and Overall Health • Quality of Life • Good Oral Hygiene • Possible Complications: Oral Disease • Dental Options • Questions and Answers

  4. Seniors in Ontario • Seniors 65 and older now represent 13% of the total population – up from 10% in 2001 • By 2026, it is estimated that there will be more seniors than children

  5. Seniors in Ontario • Seniors (65-74) are more likely to be living in a private residence than seniors (85+) • For those 85 and over: • Males more likely to be living with a spouse • Females more likely to be either living alone or in a long term care residence • Seniors 65 and over are among the lowest users of dental services than other age groups

  6. Oral and Overall Health • Mounting scientific evidence suggests an association between oral health and overall health • For instance: • Bacterial plaque may increase the risk of pneumonia • Gum disease can affect diabetes • Good oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups help to preserve your good health

  7. Seniors and Quality of Life • Remaining active and living longer • Contributes positively to: • Physical, mental and social wellbeing • Preserving your own teeth • Allows you to comfortably: • Speak, eat and socialize

  8. Good Oral Hygiene • Protect against oral disease and preserve overall good health by: • Brushing and flossing twice daily • Use fluoride toothpaste • Limit sweets • Visit your dentist regularly

  9. Oral Disease • Tooth Decay • Major cause of tooth loss for all ages • Why Seniors? • Consume refined carbohydrates • Sweet foods, drinks or medications

  10. Oral Disease • Tooth Decay continued • Minimizing Tooth Decay: • Substitute: refined sugars/artificial sweeteners • Use fluoride to remineralize the surface to avoid tooth decay • Use anti-bacterial mouth rinse to reduce level of bacteria in the mouth • Brush and floss twice daily

  11. Oral Disease • Gum Disease • Gingivitis– inflammation of the gum tissue • Periodontitis – destruction of bone and the structures supporting the teeth • Common oral problems that may result in tooth loss • Respond well to proper oral hygiene routines and treatment by your dentist

  12. Oral Disease • Dry Mouth • Medications common to seniors may decrease saliva production and cause dry mouth • Without saliva the mouth and teeth become more susceptible to infections, ulcerations and decay • Affects: taste, speech, chewing, swallowing, and tolerance to dentures

  13. Oral Disease • Cancer • Can develop in the mouth • More likely to develop in older adults who smoke or chew tobacco and/or abuse alcohol • Early diagnosis is crucial • All non-healing sores in the mouth or changes in voice deserve close attention and monitoring 90-Second Test for Oral Cancer

  14. Dental Options • Crowns • Rather than remove a tooth damaged by decay or accident, a cover – known as a crown or cap – can be placed over the remaining tooth • Under local anaesthetic, the tooth is reduced in size for the final crown to be cemented onto the tooth • During your next visit, the permanent crown will be cemented onto your tooth Illustration of Crown

  15. Dental Options • Replacing a lost tooth • Three main types of artificial teeth • Dental Implants • Dentures • Bridge

  16. Dental Options • Dental Implant • Placing metal posts beneath the gum into jaw • Over the next few months, the metal posts will fuse to the surrounding bone and serve to anchor replacement teeth, which can now be attached

  17. Dental Options • Dentures • A removable or partial denture replaces all of the lost teeth in the arch • The denture is held in place by clasping to the remaining adjacent teeth

  18. Dental Options • Bridge • Is a replacement that is cemented to adjacent teeth and cannot be removed • A unit made up of a false tooth and two crowns is custom made to fill the area of the lost tooth and cemented in place

  19. Dental Options • Root Canal • Teeth infected or abscessed can often be saved by performing root canal treatment • An opening is made in your tooth and the infected nerve is removed • After most root canal treatments, the patient will require a crown to support the remaining tooth structure

  20. Seniors Oral Health Thank You QUESTIONS?