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The History of Christianity. Reformation and Beyond. © John Stevenson, 2008. 1. 500. 1500. 2000. 1000. A Timeline of Church History. The Ancient Church. The Medieval Church. The Reformed Church. What do we mean when we speak of the Reformed Faith?. Timeline. 95 Theses.

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reformation and beyond

The History of

Christianity

Reformation and Beyond

© John Stevenson, 2008

slide2

1

500

1500

2000

1000

A Timeline of Church History

The

Ancient

Church

The

Medieval

Church

The

Reformed

Church

slide4

Timeline

95

Theses

America

Discovered

1480

1500

1520

1540

1560

1580

1600

Martin Luther

1483 1546
1483-1546

Martin Luther

  • Allowed to return to Wittenberg under safe conduct
  • Edict of Worms: Luther declared an outlaw
  • Kidnapped – Wartburg Castle
slide9

Wartburg

Castle

  • One year
  • Translated the New Testament into German
1483 154610
1483-1546

Martin Luther

  • Civil unrest in Wittenberg
  • Marriage to Katharina von Bora
slide11

Timeline

95

Theses

America

Discovered

Zwingli at

Zurich

1480

1500

1520

1540

1560

1580

1600

Martin Luther

Ulrich Zwingli

1483 1531
1483-1531

Ulrich Zwingli

  • Preaching ministry at Zurich (January 1, 1519)
    • Preaching through the gospel of Matthew
  • Removal of statues and icons
  • Marburg Colloquy (1529)
    • Discussions with Luther
    • Disagreement over the Lord’s Table
luther

Zwingli

Luther

Memorial:

The Lord’s Table is a memorial where we meet the Lord spiritually

Consubstantiation: There is a real presence with the elements at the Lord’s Table

Marburg Colloquy

1529

slide14

Timeline

95

Theses

America

Discovered

Zwingli at

Zurich

1480

1500

1520

1540

1560

1580

1600

Martin Luther

Ulrich Zwingli

Tyndale

1494 1536
1494-1536

William Tyndale

  • Translated the Bible into English
  • Condemned as a heretic
  • “Lord, open the eyes of the king of England!”
the tyndale bible

The Tyndale Bible

“In the begynnynge was the worde ad that worde was with god: and god was thatt worde…”

slide17

Timeline

Henry VIII

Church

95

Theses

America

Discovered

Zwingli at

Zurich

1480

1500

1520

1540

1560

1580

1600

Martin Luther

Ulrich Zwingli

Tyndale

John Calvin

henry viii
Henry VIII
  • Sought a divorce from his wife
  • Broke the church away from Rome
  • Continued to follow Roman Catholic forms of worship
edward vi 1537 1553
Edward VI1537-1553
  • Son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour
  • Had been tutored in Reformed Theology under the influence of Archbishop Thomas Cramner
mary i bloody mary 1516 1558
Mary I“Bloody Mary”1516-1558
  • Daughter of Henry VIII & Catherine of Aragorn
  • Roman Catholic
  • Persecution of Reformers
slide21

Hugh Latimer &

Nicholas Ridley

slide22

Be of good comfort, Master Ridley, and play the man; we shall this day light such a candle, by God's grace, in England, as I trust shall never be put out

slide23

Timeline

Henry VIII

Church

95

Theses

America

Discovered

Zwingli at

Zurich

1480

1500

1520

1540

1560

1580

1600

Martin Luther

Ulrich Zwingli

Tyndale

John Calvin

1509 1564
1509-1564

John Calvin

  • Studied law at University of Paris
  • Wrote his Institutes of Christian Religion
  • Forced to flee Paris due to his reformed writings
  • Visited Geneva and met William Farrel (1536)
  • Rejection at Geneva (1538)
1509 156425
1509-1564

John Calvin

  • Pastor in Strasbourg
  • Return to Geneva (1540)
  • Commentaries on most of the Bible
  • Received Protestant refugees from all over Europe
john calvin

John Calvin

Martin Luther

What are the similarities between Calvin and Luther?

john calvin27

John Calvin

Martin Luther

What are the differences between Calvin and Luther?

john calvin28

John Calvin

Martin Luther

Major emphasis on the glory of God in all of life

Major emphasis on salvation by grace through faith

john calvin29

John Calvin

Martin Luther

God is only to be worshiped in ways specified in the Scriptures

God can be worshiped in any way not forbidden by the Scriptures

slide30

Timeline

King James Version

Henry VIII

Church

95

Theses

Spanish Armada sunk

America

Discovered

Zwingli at

Zurich

Queen Elizabeth

1480

1500

1520

1540

1560

1580

1600

Martin Luther

Ulrich Zwingli

John Calvin

John Knox

1510 1572
1510? - 1572

John Knox

  • Studied for priesthood at University of St Andrews
  • Chaplain to the garrison at St Andrews Castle
  • Sentenced as a galley slave
  • Preaching ministry in England
  • Geneva
slide32
“It is the most perfect school of Christ that ever was in the earth since the days of the apostles”(Knox)
1510 157233
1510? - 1572

John Knox

Give me Scotland ‘ere I die!

1510 157234
1510? - 1572

John Knox

roman catholics

Theological Issues

Reformers

Roman Catholics

Scripture alone is final rule of faith and practice

Salvation comes as one cooperates with the grace of God

Salvation comes by grace through faith alone

Church tradition carries equal authority with Scripture

Justification is an infusion of grace to make you live better

Justification is an imputation of Christ’s righteousness

1566 1625
1566-1625

King James 1

  • James VI of Scotland became king of England in 1603
  • Millenary Petition
  • King James Version
slide37

Timeline

King James Version

Henry VIII

Church

95

Theses

Spanish Armada sunk

America

Discovered

Zwingli at

Zurich

Queen Elizabeth

1480

1500

1520

1540

1560

1580

1600

Martin Luther

Ulrich Zwingli

John Calvin

John Knox

charles v 1600 1649
Charles V1600-1649
  • Struggle with Parliament
  • Parliament disbanded
  • Civil War
  • Commonwealth
1643 1646
1643-1646

Westminster Assembly

  • 121 Puritan clergy
  • A doctrinal statement for the churches of England and Scotland