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The Second Sino- Japanese War. Why are we talking about this?. Next case study is the Nanjing Massacre Context: Second Sino-Japanese War. JAPAN. CHINA (prefix: “Sino-”). Nanjing. The Chinese Civil War. Dates: 1927-1936 and 1945-1950

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why are we talking about this
Why are we talking about this?
  • Next case study is the Nanjing Massacre
  • Context: Second Sino-Japanese War
slide3

JAPAN

CHINA

(prefix: “Sino-”)

Nanjing

the chinese civil war
The Chinese Civil War
  • Dates: 1927-1936 and 1945-1950
  • War between Communists and Nationalists for control of China
  • Interrupted by Japanese invasion and WWII
communists and nationalists
Communists and Nationalists

Chinese Communist Party (CCP)

Goals: reunify China; start socialist revolution

Leader: Mao Zedong

Kuomintang (KMT)

  • Goals: reunify China; establish republic
  • Leader: Chiang Kai-shek
japan invades
Japan Invades
  • 1931: Japan invades Manchuria
  • KMT ignores the Japanese to focus on the Communists
  • Japan establishes a puppet state called Manchukuo
now who wants china
Now who wants China?

1. Communists

2. Nationalists

3. Japan

the second united front
The Second United Front
  • Date: 1937-1945
  • Communists and Nationalists unite to drive out the Japanese
  • Nationalists do most of the fighting; Communists take time to regroup
second sino japanese war
Second Sino-Japanese War
  • Date: 1937-1945
  • Japan rapidly advances
  • Chiang’s strategy: trading space for time
  • 1940: stalemate
  • 1945: Japan surrenders in WWII and withdraws from China
the nanjing massacre
The Nanjing Massacre
  • Date: 1937
  • Japanese troops slaughter 300,000 Chinese civilians, mostly women and children, in Nanjing
  • Widespread rape – estimated 20,000
  • “The Rape of Nanjing”
slide11

Exit Ticket

2 quiz questions + answers about this lecture content