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Climate Change in LLDCs: The National Adaptation Plan process

Climate Change in LLDCs: The National Adaptation Plan process. The NAP Process. Established at UNFCCC COP 16 as a process for LDCs, with the opportunity for non-LDC developing countries to also participate (unlike the NAPAs of the last decade)

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Climate Change in LLDCs: The National Adaptation Plan process

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  1. Climate Change in LLDCs: The National Adaptation Plan process

  2. The NAP Process • Established at UNFCCC COP 16 as a process for LDCs, with the opportunity for non-LDC developing countries to also participate (unlike the NAPAs of the last decade) • The COP mandated the GEF to support LDCs undertake the NAP process through the LDC Fund • The COP also requested the GEF to consider how to support interested non-LDC developing countries through the Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) • The NAP process is therefore the main opportunity for LLDCs to undertake adaptation, and besides the Convention funds, there are various opportunities for support through multiple channels • Below, we give more details about the NAP process and the recently completed Technical Guidelines published by the LDC Expert Group (LEG)

  3. The National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process Established by the Conference of the Parties in 2010 • As a process to enable LDCs to formulate and implement national adaptation plans (NAPs), building on NAPAs, as a means for: • Identifying medium- and long-term adaptation needs, and their integration into development planning; • Developing and implementing strategies and programmes to address those needs; • Other developing country Parties to employ the modalities formulated to support the NAPs in the elaboration of their planning efforts. Progress so far … including • Initial guidelines for the formulation of NAPs adopted by the COP in 2011 • The LEG was mandated to develop technical guidelines for the NAP proces • The LEG mandated to provide technical advice and support for the NAP process in LDCs • The Adaptation Committee asked to look at modalities for supporting non-LDC developing countries • Financial support for formulation of NAPs through the LDC Fund, managed by the GEF (for LDCs, and through the SCCF for non-LDC developing countries) • LEG has introduced the NAP process and guidelines to LDCs etc during NAP Expo, an event in June 2013 in Bonn • LEG has also introduced the NAP process to LDCs during regional training workshops • NAP Central - a web system to support NAP teams

  4. Objectives of the NAP process The objectives of the NAP process are • To reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, by building adaptive capacity and resilience; • To facilitate the integration of climate change adaptation, in a coherent manner, into relevant new and existing policies, programmes and activities, in particular development planning processes and strategies, within all relevant sectors and at different levels, as appropriate. Ref: UNFCCC Decision 5/CP.17, paragraph 1

  5. Guiding principles of the NAP process • Continuous planning process at the national level with iterative updates and outputs • Country-owned, country-driven • Not prescriptive, but flexible and based on country needs • Building on and not duplicating existing adaptation efforts • Participatory and transparent • Enhancing coherence of adaptation and development planning • Supported by comprehensive monitoring and review • Considering vulnerable groups, communities and ecosystems • Guided by best available science • Taking into consideration traditional and indigenous knowledge • Gender-sensitive

  6. LDC Expert Group support to the NAP process 1 2 3 4 5

  7. Initial guidelines Decision 5/CP.17, annex defined four elements and indicative activities for the NAP process in LDC Parties. The four elements are: • Laying the groundwork and addressing gaps • Preparatory elements • Implementation strategies • Reporting, monitoring and review The initial guidelines formed the basis for the technical guidelines that have been prepared by the LEG.

  8. Introduction to the NAP technical guidelines Mandate to the LEG The COP requested the LEG to • To prepare technical guidelines for the national adaptation plan process, based on the initial guidelines, included in the annex to decision 5/CP.17; • To arrange a review of the above-mentioned technical guidelines; • To identify support needs for the process of formulation and implementation of the national adaptation plans. (Ref: Decision 5/CP.17, paragraphs 15 and 16)

  9. Introduction to the NAP technical guidelines The technical guidelines • The guidelines are not prescriptive – countries will scope what exists and what needs to be done, in creating workstreams for their work at the national and subsequent levels • They showcase examples, case studies and recommend key references – these will be updated often through an online version • Provide for countries to build on existing activities and to “enter” the NAP process at appropriate points • Many of the activities can and will be done in parallel, and no mandatory sequence is suggested

  10. Introduction to the NAP technical guidelines The technical guidelines • Draw upon existing national adaptation strategies and plans • Encourage the enhancement of capacity in countries to address adaptation on a long-term basis and sustainable manner • Suggest steps and indicative activities for under each Element of the initial guidelines • The numbering is for ease of reference, and does not imply a particular sequence

  11. NAP process steps

  12. LEG’s recommendations on next steps What does it mean to have embarked on the NAP process? • Declaring a coordinating or spearheading mechanism for the NAP process • Scoping of required activities to drive the NAP process (mandates, institutions, relevant stakeholders, resources), recognizing ongoing NAP-relevant activities • Clustering the NAP process into workstreams with respective leadership • Arrangements for support • Compilation and communication of a roadmap or strategy, including milestones, for the initial phase of the national process • Practically, a country would make a submission, or can communicate through other means, to make it known that they have initiated the NAP process, giving government contacts for those interested in supporting the national efforts for the NAP process

  13. A sample flow of activities for a NAP process …

  14. Thank you Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG) UNFCCC secretariat P.O. Box 260124 D-53153 Bonn Germany Phone: (49-228) 815-1000 Fax: (49-228) 815-1999 E-mail: leghelp@unfccc.int Web: http://unfccc.int/ldc

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