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Answer the following questions as a first five (you will not be turning it in today . On a scale of 1-5, how well did you do yesterday and why? What was the easiest part? What strategies helped you? Where or when do you use persuasion in your life?. PERSUASION.

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answer the following questions as a first five you will not be turning it in today

Answer the following questions as a first five (you will not be turning it in today

On a scale of 1-5, how well did you do yesterday and why?

What was the easiest part?

What strategies helped you?

Where or when do you use persuasion in your life?

persuasion

PERSUASION

Get ready to take notes. These will be helpful for your persuasive speech later on and for all of this unit

persuasion is
Persuasion is

1. bring your audience to believe as you do and/or

2. influence your audience to take action.

where does persuasion take place
Where does persuasion take place?
  • You wish to convince your parents that you should be able to attend a local concert.
  • You want to convince your teacher that more time is needed to complete a class project.
  • You wish to show your friends that drinking and driving do not add up to an intelligent way to have a good time.
slide7
Each of these situations calls for you to persuade your audience. In order to persuade you would have to:

1. Awaken a belief on the part of your listeners that what you are proposing is a good idea.

2. Show the audience that you have a well-thought-out plan of action available.

3. Be able to convince your audience that your plan of action is realistic and the right thing to do.

4. Be able to “push the right buttons,” or know your audience.

appeal to your audience
Appeal to your audience
  • Logos (logic)
  • Ethos (personal credibility)
  • Pathos (emotions)
  • Kairos (conscience)
slide9

Logos (logic)

  • Deductive reasoning

Reason which starts with a general observation and moves to specifics is deductive.

A=B, B=C, THEN C=A

Example: 1. All students (A) go to school (B). 2. You (C) are a student (A). 3. Therefore, you (C) go to school (B).

logos logic
Logos (logic)
  • Support your reasons with proof.
    • Facts - can be proven.
    • Expert opinions or quotations
    • Definitions - statement of meaning of word or phrase
    • Statistics - offer scientific support
    • Examples - powerful illustrations
    • Anecdote - incident, often based on writer's personal experiences
    • Present opposition - and give reasons and evidence to prove the opposition wrong
faulty logic

Faulty Logic

Logic isn’t always right. Sometimes persuasion is used that is faulty with the hope that the listener will not catch the illogic.

As a consumer you must watch for faulty logic.

faulty logic1
Faulty Logic
  • Faulty reasoning: making a connection b/c one event follows another. EX: I am done with me work , therefore everyone is done and I can talk
  • Bandwagon: suggesting that everyone believes something or does something, it must be valid, accurate, or effective.
  • EX: Everyone goes out to lunch, so it must be OK
  • Hasty Generalization: reaching a conclusion w/o adequate supporting evidence. EX: One person fails the math test & that means the test was too hard.
faulty logic2
Faulty Logic
  • Plain Folks: suggesting that “ I am one of you” so you should listen to me.
  • Testimonial: It worked for me, so it must work for you
  • Transfer: suggest that if you use this product , you will be as cool, pretty, rich…… as me
  • Big Names: Suggest that a famous person wants you to use this
  • Loaded language: Language meant to create strong emotion (fear for example)
ethos personal credibility
Ethos (personal credibility)
  • convince your audience that you are fair, honest, and well informed. They will then trust your values and intentions. Citing your sources will help this area.
      • Honesty: Your audience is looking for you to have a strong sense of right and wrong. If you have a good reputation with this people are more likely to listen to you.
      • Competency: Meaning capable of getting the job done.
      • Energy: Through nonverbals like eye contact and gestures,and a strong voice and inflections, a speaker will come across as charismatic.
pathos emotions
Pathos (emotions)
  • a carefully reasoned argument will be strengthened by an emotional appeal, especially love, anger, disgust, fear, compassion, and patriotism.

*“feeling” the speech

EX: If you loved me you would do this.

EX: Persuading lower gas prices might want some anger in the current prices or the frustration in nothing being done about it.

EX: Ads that try to get you to sponsor a child.

slide17
1. “You can help the victims of the spring tornadoes and thousands of disasters across the country each year by making a financial gift to the Disaster Relief Fund, which enables the Red Cross to provide shelter, food, counseling and other assistance to those in need.”
  • Self-esteem
motivation
Motivation

Self actualization

Self –Esteem

Love and Belonging

Freedom from fear

Physical

what motivates a person to
What motivates a person to:
  • Why does a person come to school?
  • Why does a person buy a certain brand of clothing or makeup?
  • Why does a person obey traffic laws?
  • Why does a person eat?
three parts of a persuasive argument
Three parts of a persuasive argument
  • Claim- what you believe to be true
  • Arguments- the reasons you use to support your claim
  • Counterargument/ rebuttal- stating the oppositions strongest argument, then giving reasons why it is wrong
rhetorical devices
Rhetorical Devices
  • Parallelism and anaphora: repeating a part of speech or a phrase
  • (Magic three is a type)
  • Ellepsis- pairing two opposites in the same sentence
  • “ Ask not what your country can do for you but what you can do for your country” JF Kennedy
today s first five
Today’s first five
  • Pick out an ad from a magazine
  • Identify the
    • Audience

Motivational need

Persuasive technique

article practice
Article Practice
  • Now it’s your turn:
  • Think of a product you want to sell
  • Think of your audience and their motivation and write it down
  • Design a commercial using either a rhetorical device OR a form of “faulty Logic”
  • Identify what you used