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Test Format. 28 Multiple Choice Questions (1.5 points each) 3 Matching sections Memory Check Revisited (Combination of the two sides into 1, 18 questions each word used once) Phases of Mitosis (6 phases used once) Campaign Posters ( 24 cell types, each used once) 4 Short Answer Questions.

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Presentation Transcript
test format
Test Format
  • 28 Multiple Choice Questions (1.5 points each)
  • 3 Matching sections
    • Memory Check Revisited (Combination of the two sides into 1, 18 questions each word used once)
    • Phases of Mitosis (6 phases used once)
    • Campaign Posters (24 cell types, each used once)
  • 4 Short Answer Questions
slide4
1
  • When analyzing a specimen under a microscope, why do we stain the specimen?

Answer: Most cell parts appear clear under the bright light of a microscope. Staining them gives them color and therefore makes it easier to see.

BACK

slide5
2
  • When a chromosome copies itself, the copy is referred to by this “relative” term.

Answer: sister

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slide6
3
  • This membrane junction are impermeable junctions that bind cells together into leakproof sheets?

BACK

Answer: tight junctions

slide7
4
  • This is a nonfunctioning unit in a cell.

Answer: inclusion.

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slide8
5
  • This type of tissue is also known as fat, and it used to insulate the body and protect it from extreme conditions.

Answer: Adipose Tissue

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slide9
6
  • This is another name for a red blood cell.

Answer: erthrocyte

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slide10
7
  • Describe what happens during diffusion.

Answer: Substances move from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentrations until eventually there is an equal concentration in all areas.

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slide11
8
  • When analyzing a specimen under a microscope, why must the sample be very thin?

Answer: This is to allow light to pass through the sample and to allow only one layer of cells to be observed at a time

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slide12
9
  • In this phase, chromosomes appear as threadlike coils at the start, but each chromosome is copied by the end.

Answer: interphase

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slide13
10
  • This is the process in which a pressure gradient actually pushes a solute containing fluid from a higher pressure to a lower pressure.

Answer: filtration

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slide14
11
  • This refers to when a cell moves a large amount of substances out of the cell

Answer: exocytosis

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slide15
12
  • What occurs if a solution is hypotonic and a cell was placed into it?

Answer: The cell would swell and possibly rupture

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slide16
13
  • This is the process during protein synthesis when the DNA is copied by RNA.

Answer: transcription

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slide17
14
  • This type of tissue is made up of connective tissue sheets that attach to the body’s skeleton and help the body with movement by contracting.

Answer: skeletal muscle

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slide18
15
  • This type of connective tissue forms the cushionlike disks between the vertebrae.

Answer: fibrocartilage

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slide19
16
  • This attaches skeletal muscles to bones.

Answer: tendons

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slide20
17
  • This is also known as osseous tissue.

Answer: bone

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slide21
18
  • This word mean one layer of cells.

Answer: simple

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slide22
19
  • In this phase, centrioles appear and begin to move to opposite ends of the cell while spindle fibers forms between the poles.

Answer: prophase

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slide23
20
  • In a homogenous mixture, this is the substance that dissolves the other material.

Answer: solvent

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slide24
21
  • What type of cell, which fights diseases, is this?

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Answer: macrophage

slide25
22
  • This broad type of tissue if used for support.

Answer: connective

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slide26
23
  • This type of tissue consists of several layers of cells that have a flattened shape and are found in sites that receive a good deal of abuse and friction, such as the esophagus, the mouth, and the outer portion of the skin.

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Answer: stratified squamous epithelium

slide27
24
  • In this phase, chromatids attach to the spindle fibers.

Answer: metaphase

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slide28
25
  • Give two examples of tissues undergoing the aging process and what happens to the tissue as it ages.

Answer: epithelial membranes lose their elasticity and began to sag

We begin to “dry out” as exocrine glands become less active

Endocrine glands produce less hormones so the body processes they control become less effective

Bones become porous and weaker

Muscles begin to atrophy (deteriorate)

BACK

slide29
26
  • This refers specifically to when liquid material is taken into the cell.

Answer: pinocytosis

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slide30
27
  • This broad type of tissue is used for control.

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Answer: nervous

slide31
28
  • What is area O called

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Answer: Mitochondria

slide32
29
  • What occurs if a solution is hypertonic and a cell was placed into it?

Answer: it would shrink

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slide33
30
  • This type of tissue help to insulate and protect the delicate neurons.

Answer: Supporting cells of the nervous tissue

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slide34
31
  • In this phase, chromatids separate and begin to move to opposite ends of the cell.

Answer: anaphase

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slide35
32
  • What is inflammation and how does it help the healing process.

Answer: A swelling of a tissue. It is used by the body to keep the injured area from moving and thus prevents further damage

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slide36
33
  • This is a fragile, transparent barrier that consists of two lipid layers arrange “tail to tail”

Answer: plasma membrane

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slide37
34
  • small, dark-staining round body where ribosomes are assembled

Answer: nucleolus

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slide38
35
  • This is what the fluid inside the cell is referred to.

Answer: intracellular fluid

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slide39
36
  • These detoxify the cell of poisonous materials and deactivate free radicals using oxidase enzymes.

Answer: peroxisomes

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slide40
37
  • This type of tissue is a specialized impulse-conducting cell that gathers information and controls body functions.

Answer: nerve cells (neuron)

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slide41
38
  • In this phase, two nuclei form and the chromosomes appear as chromatin.

Answer: telophase

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slide42
39
  • This cell type covers and lines body organs.

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Answer: epithelial cells

slide43
40
  • These are the “wires” that help to resist pulling forces on the cell.

Answer: intermediate filaments

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slide44
41
  • Why are stratified epithelial tissues better for protection purposes than simple epithelial tissues?

Answer: Stratified epithelial tissue has multiple layers of cells, which means there are more cells to absorb the damage

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slide45
42
  • This is the female cell of reproduction.

Answer: oocyte

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slide46
43
  • Name this type of cell

BACK

Answer: Epithelial Cells

slide47
44
  • This is a slick membrane that lines the ventral body cavity and covers the organs in the cavity.

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Answer: serosae

slide48
45
  • The lower surface of an epithelial tissue is known as this.

Answer: the basement membrane

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slide49
46
  • These are tiny fingerlike projections that greatly increase the surface area for faster absorption

Answer: microvilli

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slide50
47
  • In this phase, cell membranes moves inward to create two daughter cells.

Answer: cytokinesis

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slide51
48
  • This refers to a increase in size in an organ or body area.

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Answer: hyperplasia

slide52
49
  • This is the term used when a cell loses its ability to divide when it becomes fully mature.

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Answer: amitotic

slide53
50
  • These are tiny, bilobed, dark bodies that are the protein making factories of the cell

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Answer: ribosomes

slide54
51
  • This type of tissue is a cobwebby tissue that is the most widely distributed connective tissue that cushions the body organs.

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Answer: areolar tissue

slide55
52
  • This is the organelle located at letter F.

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Answer: rough endoplasmic reticulum

slide56
53
  • This type of tissue travels throughout the body in a fluid matrix called plasma and has a variety of functions including transporting oxygen and carbon dioxide.

Answer: blood

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slide57
54
  • This is known as an abnormal mass of proliferating cells.

Answer: neoplasm

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slide58
55
  • This is the organelle located at letter H.

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Answer: Golgi Apparatus

slide59
56
  • This is a sequence of three nucleotides forming a unit of genetic code in a transfer RNA molecule that corresponds to the complementary information on a messenger RNA.

Answer: anticodon

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slide60
57
  • Are the following a representation of plant or animal cells under a microscope?

Answer: animal

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slide61
58
  • In a homogenous mixture, this is the substance that is dissolved the other material.

Answer: solute

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slide62
59
  • What are the three main regions of a cell?

Answer: plasma membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasm

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slide63
60
  • Name an example of passive transport.

Answer: facilitated diffusion, osmosis, filtration, or diffusion

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slide64
61
  • This membrane junction allows to adjacent cells to communicate with each other by allowing molecules to pass directly from on cell to the other.

Answer: gap junction

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slide65
62
  • This type of RNA is a cloverleaf-shaped molecule that carries amino acids to the ribosome.

Answer: transfer RNA

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slide66
63
  • This is defined as a DNA segment that carries the information for building one protein or polypeptide chain.

Answer: gene

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slide67
64
  • This type of RNA molecule is a long, singular nucleotide strand that resemble half of a DNA molecule that carries the information from the nucleus to the ribosomes in the cytoplasm.

Answer: messenger RNA

BACK

slide68
65
  • This refers to a decrease in size in an organ or body area.

Answer: atrophy

BACK

slide69
66
  • This is the process during protein synthesis when the protein is made as the information is being read and decoded.

Answer: translation

BACK

slide70
67
  • This is the technique the body uses to repair tissues which results in scar tissue.

Answer: fibrosis

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slide71
68
  • This is what the fluid outside the cell is referred to.

Answer: Interstitial fluid

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slide72
69
  • This refers specifically to when solid material is taken into the cell and is referred to as “cell eating”.

Answer: phagocytosis

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slide73
70
  • The following picture is of this type of cell (scientific name).

Answer: erythrocyte

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slide74
71
  • Are the following a representation of plant or animal cells under a microscope?

Answer: plant

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slide75
72
  • Name an example of active transport in a cell.

Answer: solute pumping (or sodium potassium pump), bulk transport (or endo and exocytosis)

BACK

slide76
73
  • These are special pores created by proteins that allow water into the cell.

Answer: aquaporins

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slide77
74
  • When a tissue is injured, the body sets a series of events into motion. Which of the following is NOT true?
    • The surface epithelium regenerates
    • The capillaries become less permeable
    • Phagocytes concentration increases
    • Granulation tissue forms
  • Answer: The capillaries become less permeable

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slide78
75
  • During active transport process, cells use this molecule to power the movement.

Answer: ATP

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slide79
76
  • This is the movement of water through a selectively permeable membrane from areas of high concentration to low concentration.

Answer: osmosis

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slide80
77
  • The elongated shape of this cell lies along the cable-like fibers that it secretes. It also has an abundant rough ER and large Golgi apparatus to make and secrete the protein building blocks of these cells.

Answer: fibroblast

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