Tuesday, April 9th, 2013 • What you need on your desk: • Pencil or pen • Spiral • HOMEWORK: Civil War Vocabulary • Highlighter • **Put all athletic bags OUTSIDE my room and hang all backpacks on desk…nothing on the floor! • Agenda: • Overview of the Civil War • Homework: • The Lincoln Years Journal Sheet Due Thursday • HFQ #61-105 on Friday
Presidential Election of 1860 • Presidential Election of 1860 • Lincoln- Republican • Douglas – N. Democrats • John Breckinridge – S. Democrats • John Bell – Constitutional Union • Lincoln won with 180 out of 303 electoral votes. • He had only 40% of the popular vote. • His name did not appear on most southern ballots. • Lincoln and Republicans had promised not to disturb slavery where it already existed. Many did not believe them.
Dec. 20, 1860 – South Carolina seceded • Many tried to preserve the Union, but failed • By Feb. 1861, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida and Georgia also seceded. • The 7 states formed the Confederate States of America and elected Jefferson Davis as the president of the Confederacy. • The Confederate states justified secession with states’ rights. They said they had voluntarily joined the Union and that the Constitution was a contract. They felt that the U.S. had broken the contract.
Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address • said secession would not be permitted and pleaded for reconciliation http://www.abrahamlincolnsclassroom.org/Library/newsletter.asp?ID=113&CRLI=161
Fort Sumter – federal fort in South Carolina • It was low on supplies • Lincoln sent a message to the governor of South Carolina that he was sending an unarmed ship with supplies. They would not fire unless fired upon. • Davis and South ordered an attack on Fort Sumter before the ship arrived. • Union troops at Ft. Sumter surrendered on April 14 • This was the first battle of the Civil War.
After Fort Sumter • Lincoln called for 75,000 troops to fight to save the Union • Virginia, Tennessee, Arkansas and North Carolina seceded and joined the Confederacy. (This is when West Virginia became its own state.)
Wednesday, April 10th, 2013 • We have a NEW SEATING CHART • What you need on your desk: • Pencil or pen • Spiral • **Put all athletic bags OUTSIDE my room and hang all backpacks on desk…nothing on the floor! • Agenda: • Leaders of the Civil War • Homework: • The Lincoln Years Journal Sheet Due Thursday • HFQ #61-105 on Friday
The Civil War(War Between the States)1861-1865 Music Credit: http://www.txrebel.com/dixie.html
Main Causes • State’s Rights • Slavery • Cotton Gin by Eli Whitney in 1793 • Preserving the Union • Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe • Slave vs. Free States Picture Credit: http://www.disciples.org/convo/Slavery.jpg
Civil War Facts • 1/2 million people were killed or wounded in the Civil War • 60 % of the fighting took place in Virginia Picture Credit: volusia.com/civilwar/
Border States (Kentucky, Maryland, & Missouri) were States that had soldiers fighting for both sides!
Picture Credit: http://www.historyplace.com/civilwar/cwar-pix/civmap.gif
Abolitionist • Abolitionist were people who wanted to end slavery or get rid of it. • Frederick Douglass (on left) was a well-known abolitionist. Picture Credit: http://www.historyplace.com/lincoln/lincpix/fred-doug.jpg
John Brown • Was a white man that lead a raid on Harper’s Ferry, Virginia in 1859 so that he could help free the slaves. • He was later hung at Charleston, West Virginia http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/jbrown/jbrown1.gif
Clara Barton • She was a Northern woman who gave water to dying soldiers • She continually risked her life to help the wounded. • She founded The Red Cross http://www.lkwdpl.org/wihohio/bart-cla.htm
Abe Lincoln • Was the president for the North • The North’s Capital was Washington D.C. http://www.lincolnstore.com/page5.html
Abraham Lincoln • President Abraham Lincoln on Jan, 1, 1863, declared the Emancipation Proclamation that freed all the slaves! • President Lincoln’s 4 brother-in-laws were Confederates. • He was the 1st president to wear a beard. Picture Credit: www.branchburg.k12.nj.us/.../ Abe%20Main%20Page.htm
Jefferson Davis • Was the president for the South. • The South’s Capital was Richmond, Virginia http://www.heritagephotographs.com/presjefdav18.html
Robert E. Lee • He was the Commander of the Confederate Army Picture Credit: www.guyartgallery.com/ civil%20war%20gallery.htm
Ulysses S. Grant • He was the General of the Union Army
Stonewall Jackson • He led a valley campaign for 3 months in 1862. • He said, “If this Valley is lost, Virginia is lost.” • His military reputation is perhaps greater than any other Civil War General because he won with a smaller army the majority of the time. Picture Credit: www.lib.utexas.edu/photodraw/ portraits/
William Carney • In 1900 a forgotten Civil War hero was finally given his due - the Congressional Medal of Honor. • Sergeant William Harvey Carney, a member of the 54th Massachusetts Colored Infantry, was awarded the medal for his bravery on July 18, 1863, during the Union assault on Fort Wagner, a well-armed outpost off the coast of Virginia used by the Confederates to defend Charleston Harbor. • Carney was wounded there while planting the U.S. flag and refused to retreat until he had removed it, even as he was shot again. • Carney eventually recovered and was discharged with disability on June 30, 1864. He was the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor, which is the nation's highest military honor
Philip Bazaar • Bazaar, a resident of Massachusetts, was a Chilean immigrant who joined the Union Navy at New Bedford, Massachusetts. • Bazaar was assigned to the USS Santiago de Cuba during the American Civil War. • In the latter part of 1864, Union General Ulysses S. Grant ordered an assault on Fort Fisher, a stronghold of the Confederate States of America. It protected the vital trading routes of Wilmington's port, at North Carolina. • On January 12, 1865, both ground and naval Union forces attempted the second assault. Bazaar and 5 other crew members, under the direct orders from Rear Admiral Porter, carried dispatches during the battle while under heavy fire from the Confederates to Major General Alfred Terry. Bazaar and his comrades were awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions.
Leaders of the Civil War Assignment • You and your partner will be assigned one major leader from the Civil War. • We will go into the computer lab where you will have time to research your person and answer the questions provided for you about your leader.
Leaders of the Civil War Assignment • Abraham Lincoln • Jefferson Davis • Ulysses S. Grant • Robert E. Lee • William Carney • Philip Bazaar • Frederick Douglass 8. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson 9. Henry Clay 10. John C. Calhoun 11. Daniel Webster 12. Clara Barton 13. John Brown
Thursday, April 11th, 2013 • What you need on your desk: • Pencil or pen • Spiral • Leaders of the Civil War information from yesterday • Homework ; Lincoln Years Journal Sheet • **Put all athletic bags OUTSIDE my room and hang all backpacks on desk…nothing on the floor! • Agenda: • Finish Leaders of the Civil War Assignment • Present Leaders of the Civil War • Start Famous Civil War Speeches • Homework: • HFQ #61-105 on Friday
Friday, April 12th, 2013 • What you need on your desk: • Pencil or pen • Grading Pen • **Put all athletic bags OUTSIDE my room and hang all backpacks on desk…nothing on the floor! • Agenda: • HFQ#61-105 • Start Famous Civil War Speeches • Homework: • HFQ #61-120 on NEXT Friday
Monday, April 15th, 2013 • What you need on your desk: • Pencil or pen • Comparing voices handout from Friday • **Put all athletic bags OUTSIDE my room and hang all backpacks on desk…nothing on the floor! • Agenda: • Continue Famous Civil War Speeches • Start Battles information • Homework: • HFQ #61-120 TEST on Thursday • It will have 30-35 questions; 15 from 105-120 and a random 15-20 from 61-105
Famous Speeches of the Civil War • Jefferson Davis’s Inaugural Address • February 1861 • Lincoln’s 1st Inaugural Address • March 4th, 1861 • The Gettysburg Address • November 19th,l 1863 • Emancipation Proclamation • January 1st, 1863 • Lincoln’s 2nd Inaugural Address • March 4th, 1865
Jefferson Davis’s Inaugural Address: • Lincoln’s 1st Inaugural Address: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sc2UgzYmwQ8 • Gettysburg Address: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U2a-S3rjDBw • Emancipation Proclamation: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xh3-9R7Q0OE • Lincoln’s 2nd Inaugural Address: • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6SrG3xYRxKY
Comparing Voices • With your partner, read the 4 provided speeches from the Civil War: • Lincoln’s 1st Inaugural Address • Lincoln’s 2nd Inaugural Address • Jefferson Davis’s Inaugural Address • The Gettysburg Address **Based on what you read about Lincon and Davis, fill out the chart provided and compare their ideals on Liberty, Equality, Union and Government
Tuesday, April 16th, 2013 • What you need on your desk: • Pencil or pen • Spiral • **Put all athletic bags OUTSIDE my room and hang all backpacks on desk…nothing on the floor! • Agenda: • Battles Of The Civil War • Homework: • Rebuilding the South Journal Sheet • HFQ #61-120 TEST on Thursday • It will have 30-35 questions; 15 from 105-120 and a random 15-20 from 61-105
The Civil War1861-1865 Music Credit: http://www.txrebel.com/dixie.html
Fort Sumter, South Carolina • Since South Carolina had seceded from the United States, it didn’t want Northern soldiers on its land at Fort Sumter Picture Credit: members.aol.com/larrykench/ W1861001.html
Fort Sumter • The first major battle of the Civil War began on April 12, 1861. • After 2 days, the North surrendered to the South. • No one was killed but 1 soldier who was killed when a cannon backfired during the surrendering ceremony. Picture Credit: http://library.thinkquest.org/3055/graphics/battles/images/sumteranim.gif
The 1st Manassas or 1st Bull Run, VA • July 21,1861 • The general for the confederates was Stonewall Jackson • The general for the Yankees was McDowell. • The North had 387 soldiers killed while the South lost 460. • The South won the battle. Picture Credit: http://www.multied.com/civilwar/Bull.gif
The Battle of the Ironclads • March 8-9, 1862 • The battle took place in Hampton Roads, VA. • The South had built an iron ship called the Merrimac or the Virginia. • The North challenged the Confederate ship with the northern iron ship called the Monitor. Picture Credit: http://www.mandia.com/kelly/webpage/99_student_pages/merrimack_monitor/battle.jpg
The Ironclads • The two iron ships fought for 5 hours and even collided 5 times. Neither side won except the North kept the South from getting supplies from the rest of the world. Picture Credit: http://www.mandia.com/kelly/webpage/99_student_pages/merrimack_monitor/battle.jpg
2nd Manassas or2nd Bull Run, VA • August 29-30, 1862 • The general for the Confederate was Stonewall Jackson. • The general for the Yankees was John Pope. • The North lost 16,000 soldiers while the South lost only 9,000 • The South won the battle. Picture Credit: www.multied.com/civilwar/ SecondManassas.html
Antietam or Sharpsburg, Maryland • September 17, 1862 • The general for the Confederates was Robert E. Lee. • The general for the Yankees was McClellan. Picture Credit: memory.loc.gov/.../newsletter/ august01/feature.html
Antietam • The Battle took place in Farmer Miller’s cornfield. • The battle is known as the Single bloodiest day in the Civil War. • 23,500 men were killed in the Bloody battle. • The south used rocks when they ran out of ammunition. • South won the battle. Picture Credit: www.trubador.com/bridge.htm
Battle Of Fredericksburg • Dec. 13-15, 1862 • The North had 122,000 soldiers while the South had 78,500 Picture Credit: www.multied.com/civilwar/ frederick.html
Battle Of Fredericksburg • 9,000 Union soldiers were killed while only 1,500 Southern soldiers were killed. • The South won the battle. • Lee said, “It is well that was is so horrible, else we should grow too fond of it.’ Picture Credit: www.multied.com/civilwar/ frederick.html
Chancellorsville • May 1-14, 1863 • The general for the Confederates was Robert E. Lee • The general for the Yankees was Joseph Hooker. • South had 45,000 soldiers and North had 70,000 soldiers. Picture Credit: www.civilwarcentral.com/ ShirtDetail.asp?prod=