REGULATIONExcretory & Nervous Systems • Regulation within animal systems requires maintaining homeostasis- the ability of the body or a cell to seek and maintain stability within its internal environment when dealing with external changes • There are several organ systems that work together to maintain an organism’s internal environment, despite changes that occur in its external environment. • The nervous system maintains homeostasis by controlling and regulating the other parts of the body. • The excretory system helps regulate the concentration of water and other components of body fluids.
Excretory System Function • The Excretory System Maintains Homeostasis In 3 Steps: • Filtration- Filters substances from the blood • Reabsorption- Regulate the chemical composition of body fluids by retaining the proper amounts of water, salts, and nutrients • ExcretionEliminationof wastes in the form of urine
Excretory System Evolutionary Trends in Excretion Complex Simple
Major Organs of the Excretory System • Kidneys (renal = kidney)- • Paired organs that receive blood via the renal artery • The main filters are tissues called nephrons that separate the components of the blood • Every 45 minutes kidneys filter all the blood in your body • Filtered blood leaves kidneys and returns to circulation carrying nutrients, salts, and water via the renal vein • Excess water and toxic waste in the form of urine leave the kidney via the ureter • Sometimes excess salts or minerals in the urine crystallize and form kidney stones. When kidney stones block the ureters, they cause great pain.
Ureters—tubes that carry urine from kidneys to urinary bladder • Bladder—muscular sac where urine is stored temporarily before being excreted • Urethra—tube that carries urine from bladder to the outside
Excretory System Levels of Organization Nephrons Kidneys, Bladder, Ureter, Urethra Excretory
Excretory System Interaction with othersystems for Regulation • Lungs of the respiratory system remove CO2 from blood. • The circulatory system brings wastes to the lungs, kidneys, and skin for excretion. • Skin of the integumentary system excretes water, urea, salts, and other wastes through sweat.