Personal Safety Chapter 16
Injuries • 120,000 Americans die from injuries • The economic cost of injuries is more than $650 billion each year • Intentional injury • One that is purposely inflicted, by oneself or by another person. • Unintentional injury • Injury occurs when no harm is intended • Fifth leading cause of death among Americans • One of the leading causes of death among children and young adults • National Safety Council (NSC) • 2006 - Each day • 329 Americans died from unintentional injuries • 89 died from suicide • 50 died from homicide
Unintentional Injures • What Causes an Injury? • Combination of human and environmental factors. • Motor Vehicle Injuries. • Factors Contributing to Motor Vehicle Injuries • Speeding – 60% of all accidents • Aggressive driving • Fatigue and sleepiness • Cell phones and other distractions • Alcohol and other drugs • Safety belts, air bags, and child safety seats
Preventing Motor Vehicle Injuries Obey the speed limit Always wear a safety belt Never drive under the influence. Keep your car in good working condition. Allow for plenty of following distance. Slow down if weather is bad. Choose interstate highways versus rural roads. Always signal. Stop completely at stop signs. Special caution at intersections. Don’t pass on two-lane roads.
Motorcycles and Mopeds • About one out of every ten traffic fatalities among 15-34 of age involves someone riding a motorcycle • Safety Strategies: • Wear light colored clothing. • Develop the necessary skills. • Wear a helmet. • Protect your eyes with goggles. • Drive defensively.
Bicycles • 2006, bicycle crashes send more than 500,000 people to the emergency room and resulted in 1000 deaths. • Safety strategies: • Wear safety equipment. • Wear light colored clothing. • Ride with flow of traffic. • Ride defensively. • Stop at all traffic lights. • Continue pedaling at all times.
Home Injuries • Falls • 90% of fatal falls involve people 45 and older. • Fires • Smoke detectors • Poisoning • National poison hotline • 800.222.1222 • Suffocation and choking • Heimlich maneuver • Firearms
Leisure Injuries • Swimming • Not swimming alone • Personal floatation device • Check the surroundings • In-line skating injuries. • Scooter injuries.
Work Injuries • Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (OSHA) • Occupational Safety and Health act of 1970. • Back injuries • Proper mechanics • Repetitive strain injuries (RSIs) • Carpal tunnel syndrome • Tendonitis
Chapter twenty-one Personal Safety
Chapter twenty-one Personal Safety
Violence and Intentional Injuries • Violence • 2007, more than 1.4 million Americans fall victim each year. • Factors Contributing to Violence • Social Factors • Violence in the media • Gender • Interpersonal factors • Alcohol and other drugs • Firearms
Violence and Intentional Injuries • Assault • Use of physical force by a person or persons to inflict injury or death on another. • Homicide • 2007, FBI estimated 17,000 murders • Gang-Related violence • 1 million Americans belong to a gang • Hate crimes • Bias against another person’s race or ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, or disability motivates a criminal act. • School violence • Workplace violence • Terrorism
Family and Intimate Violence • Battering • Violence against intimate partners • Stalking and Cyberstalking • Harassing behaviors such as following or spying on a person and making verbal, written or implied threats. • Internet, e-mail, chat rooms, and electronic communication devices • Violence against children • Elder abuse
Sexual Violence • Sexual Assault: Rape • Statutory rape • Date rape • Who commits Rape? • Factors Contributing to Date Rape. • Date rape drugs • Rohypnol,GHB, “Special K” • Date-Induced Rape Prevention and Punishment Act of 1996 (20 years in prison) • Dealing with a Sexual Assault • Women Organized Against Rape (WOAR) recommendations • The effects of rape
Child Sexual Abuse • Sexual act imposed on a minor. • Incest • Most sexually abused children are between 8 and 12 when the abuse first occurs. • Surveys suggest that as many as 27% of women and 16% of men were sexually abused as children. • Sexual Harassment • Affects academic or employment decisions or evaluations. • Interferes with an individual’s academic or work performance. • Creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive academic, work, or student living environment.
What You Can Do About Violence • Training for conflict resolution • Identify and target-risk groups for intervention. • Reducing gun-related injuries. • Adoption of consumer safety standards for guns.
Providing Emergency Care • First aid • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) • Emergency medical services (EMS) system. • Check the situation • Check the victim • Call for help: Call 9-1-1 in most areas • Care for the victim
Connect Assignment • Chapter 16 Connect Assignment Due Tuesday, April 20th