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Reality Therapy . Glasser’s Control theory. Eight Steps. Build a good relationship Examine the current behavior Evaluate behavior-helpful or not? Brainstorm alternatives Commit to new plan Evaluate results-no punish/excuses Accept logical & natural consequences Don’t get discouraged.

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reality therapy

Reality Therapy

Glasser’s Control theory

eight steps
Eight Steps
  • Build a good relationship
  • Examine the current behavior
  • Evaluate behavior-helpful or not?
  • Brainstorm alternatives
  • Commit to new plan
  • Evaluate results-no punish/excuses
  • Accept logical & natural consequences
  • Don’t get discouraged
therapy process
Therapy process
  • Five helpful questions
    • What are you doing?
    • Is it helping you get what you want?
    • If not, what might be some other things you could try?
    • Which idea would you like to try first?
    • When would you like to start?
questions for young children
Questions for young children
  • What did you do?
  • What is our rule about this?
  • Was what you did against the rule?
  • What were you supposed to do?
  • What are you going to do next time?
  • Do you want to write your plan for next time, or do you want me to write it?
brief counseling and reality therapy
Brief counselingand Reality Therapy
  • common components
    • working alliance/collaboration
    • identify strengths
    • active counseling techniques: role play, homework, confrontation, reframing
    • clear, concrete, measurable goals
10 step consultation
10 Step Consultation
  • What have you tried that does not work? Stop these!
  • Do the unexpected
  • Brainstorm what you could do that might help the child have a better day, i.e. give choices, ask for child’s opinion, place them in helper role.
phase i try one line approaches
Phase ITry one line approaches
  • Ask child to stop undesirable behavior
  • Try “could it be” questions-goal disclosure
  • Acknowledge cooperative behavior w/o thanking child for responsible behavior
phase ii
Phase II
  • Emphasize rules agreed to previously
    • What did you do?
    • What was our rule?
    • What were you supposed to do?
    • What will you do?
phase ii9
Phase II
  • Use written contract or handshake
    • What did you do?
    • How did it help you?
    • What could you do that would help you?
    • What will you do?
phase iii 4 steps
Phase III--4 Steps
  • In class time-out Quiet corner--make a plan to return to group
  • Out of class time-out Make a plan to return to class
  • Out of school time-out Rest of the day
  • Juvenile court visit, and referral to community agency if behavior does not change
person centered counseling
Person Centered Counseling
  • Five basic techniques
    • Unconditional positive regard
    • Active listening
    • Reflection
    • Clarification
    • Summarization
ready to learn
Ready to Learn
  • Combines Rogers/Carkhuff and Adler
  • Focus on the learning skills and social skills most predictive of long term school success
  • Attending, listening, social/encouragment
  • Uses story telling, student story retelling, and student story telling to teach skills
  • Target group is grades k-2
review play therapy packet
Review Play Therapy packet
  • Application of person centered counseling
    • Tracking of behavior
    • Restatement of content
    • Reflection of feeling