reality therapy william glasser l.
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Reality Therapy (William Glasser)

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Reality Therapy (William Glasser). Basic Beliefs. Key person: William Glasser Key theory: Choice theory and control theory Focus on responsibility for choice Focus on the unsatisfied needs , which are often the cause of problems The only person you can control is yourself

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basic beliefs
Basic Beliefs
  • Key person: William Glasser
  • Key theory: Choice theory and control theory
  • Focus on responsibility for choice
  • Focus on the unsatisfied needs, which are often the cause of problems
  • The only person you can control is yourself
  • Behavior = an attempt to get what we want
  • Focus symptoms = avoid facing unsatisfied needs
five basic psychological needs
Five basic psychological needs
  • Need for Survival
    • Taking care of oneself by eating, drinking…
  • Need for Belonging
    • Need for love or relationship
  • Need for Power
    • To be better than others
  • Need for Freedom
    • How we wish to live our lives, express ourselves…
  • Need for Fun
    • Laughing, joking, sports, reading…
view of human nature people
View of Human Nature--people
  • Try to meet basic psychological needs
  • Try to get what they want
  • Identify the frustrated need and try to satisfy it.
  • Choose to be miserable instead of becoming miserable
  • Store experiences related to how to fulfill their basic psychological needs in their brain
four reasons for choosing depression based on choice theory
Four reasons for choosing depression(based on choice theory)
  • Keep their anger under control
    • Being anger can lead to violence, but depression does not
  • Get others to help them
    • Depression is a way to get help
  • Excuse the unwillingness to do something more effective
    • To avoid searching for a job
  • Gain powerful control over others
    • Others must do something for them
therapeutic goals
Therapeutic Goals
  • Help clients meet their psychological needs
  • Assess how well these needs are being met and what changes should take place
  • Take an education approach to help clients meet their needs
  • The more severe the symptom, the more clients are unable to fulfill their needs
  • Clients determine what they want
therapist s function and role
Therapist’s function and Role
  • Create a good relationship with their clients
  • Challenge clients to evaluate themselves
  • Instill a sense of hope
  • Therapeutic relationship is a mentoring relationship with therapist as a teacher and client as a student.
therapist attitudes
Therapist Attitudes
  • Do not accept excuses
    • But, make a new plan
  • No punishment or criticism
    • But, examine the consequences for not completing the goals; reevaluate the plans and make new ones.
  • Do not give up
    • Change is not an easy process
the process of reality therapy
The process of reality therapy
  • Establish a supportive relationship
  • Explore clients’ needs, wants, and perceptions
  • Evaluate how effective they are in getting what they want
  • Make a plan to do better
  • Make a commitment to plans
reality therapy strategies
Reality Therapy Strategies
  • Questioning
    • Ask what they want and what their plans are.
  • Being positive
    • What the client can do and reinforce positive actions
  • Confrontation
    • Not accept excuses, but continue to make effective plans
  • Paradoxical techniques
    • Reframing: helps a person change the way they think
    • Paradoxical prescriptions: choose to depress at certain times only
  • W Wants - What do you want to be and do?
  • D Doing and Direction - What are you doing?
  • E Evaluation - Does your present behavior have a reasonable chance of getting you what you want?
  • P Planning – identify ways to fulfill their wants and needs.
  • S Simple - Easy to understand, specific and concrete
  • A Attainable- Within the capacities and motivation of the client
  • M Measurable -Are the changes observable and helpful?
  • I Immediate and Involved- What can be done today? What can you do?
  • CControlled - Can you do this by yourself or will you be dependent on others?
research on reality therapy
Research on Reality Therapy
  • Some research published in the International Journal of Reality Therapy.
  • In general, research on reality therapy is limited
  • A number of studies have been done internationally.
    • In Taiwan, group reality therapy as well as lessons on choice theory have positive effect on experimental group members’ locus of control and self-concept compared to the control group.
from a multicultural perspective
From a multicultural perspective
  • Contributions
    • Focusing on acting and thinking reduce resistance to counseling
    • Allowing for a wide range of acceptable behaviors to satisfy needs
  • Limitations
    • Ignoring environmental factors
    • Not appropriate for some cultural values
      • it is not considered a value to ask for what they need (i.e., thinking of what is good for the social group as a whole)
summary and evaluation contributions
Summary and Evaluation--contributions
  • Insight and awareness are not enough
  • Action and commitment to following through are the core of the therapeutic process
  • Accepting personal responsibility
  • Gaining more effective control
  • Focusing on what they can do in the present to change their behavior
summary and evaluation limitations
Summary and Evaluation--limitations
  • Not give enough emphasis to
    • Feelings
    • Unconscious
    • Dream
    • Transference
    • the effect of early childhood experiences,
    • the power of the past to influence one’s present personality.