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Case Study Research Method. Alexander Settles. Deductive Research Model. Case Study Research.

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case study research
Case Study Research

The essence of a case study, the central tendency among all types of case study is that it tries to illuminate a decision or set of decisions: why they were taken, how they were implemented, and with what result.

Yin, Robert (1994) "Ch 1: Designing Case Studies,"Case Study Research: Design & Methods, 2nd edition, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

definition of a case study
Definition of a Case Study

Investigates a contemporary phenomenon within its real-life context, especially when

The boundaries between phenomenon and context are not clearly evident.

(Case studies focus on understanding the dynamics present within a single setting (Eisenhardt, 1989)).

Yin, Robert (1994) "Ch 1: Designing Case Studies,"Case Study Research: Design & Methods, 2nd edition, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

Eisenhardt, Kathleen M., (1989) "Building Theories From Case Study Research," Academy Of Management Review, 14(4) 532-550.

usefulness of case studies
Usefulness of Case Studies

Case studies can be:

Exploratory

Explanatory

Descriptive (Yin, 1994)

Case studies can be used to:

Provide description

Test theory

Generate theory (Eisenhardt, 1989).

Yin, Robert (1994) "Ch 1: Designing Case Studies,"Case Study Research: Design & Methods, 2nd edition, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

Eisenhardt, Kathleen M., (1989) "Building Theories From Case Study Research," Academy Of Management Review, 14(4) 532-550.

when to choose
When to choose:

Choice of history, case studies or experiments will depend on access.

Case studies preferred in examining contemporary events.

Experiments are done when the investigator can manipulate behavior directly, precisely and systematically.

Yin, Robert (1994) "Ch 1: Designing Case Studies,"Case Study Research: Design & Methods, 2nd edition, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

criticisms of case studies
Criticisms of Case Studies

Lack of rigor of case study research.

Confusing case study research with case study teaching.

Provide little basis for scientific generalization.

Case Studies take too long.

Yin, Robert (1994) "Ch 1: Designing Case Studies,"Case Study Research: Design & Methods, 2nd edition, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

case study protocol
Case Study Protocol

Include following topics:

Overview of Case Study

Background information

Issues being investigated

Relevant readings

Case Study questions

Keep investigator on track

Distinguish among levels of questions

Pathway btw. ? and evidence

Guide for Case Study report

  • Field procedures
    • Access to sites, assistance
    • Schedule of data collection

Yin, Robert (1994) "Ch 3: Conducting Case Studies: Collecting the Evidence,"Case Study Research: Design & Methods, 2nd edition,

Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

analyzing within field and cross case data
Analyzing within field and cross case data:

This preliminary analysis assists in organizing the enormous quantities of data

Cross case data forces researchers to go beyond initial impressions.

For cross-case data analysis, can look at within group similarities and intergroup differences.

Select pairs of cases, and list similarities and differences between each group – forces researcher to look for subtle similarities and differences.

Eisenhardt, Kathleen M., (1989) "Building Theories From Case Study Research," Academy Of Management Review, 14(4) 532-550.