Unit 5 Rules of good writing BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONENGB213
Rewrite the letter and present Deer Ah Lian, Thanks you for your ladder. Wrong time no see you. How everything? For me, I am quiet find. You say in your letter your taukeh soh want you to chain your look? Somemore you must wear kick-kok soo, hope you can wok properly. You know, Ah Kau Kia now working in a soft-where company. Last week, he take I, Muthu & few of his flen to MayNonut to eat barger. After that he take we all go to kalah-ok. Muthu sing and sing no stop until the sky bright. Next week, my fada mada going to sellerbread 20 years annie-wear-sari. My fada mada going to give a fist to all the kampong people. So you must come with your hole family, ok? My woking flen say my england now got batter oredy. What you ting? I hope one day we no need to light to itch other and send ladder. Better I e-meow you, you e-meow me. I will ketchup with you soon. And when you got time, please few free to call me. Goo bye..... Worm regard, Ah Beng
Overview • Modern business communication • Five key rules of good writing • Jargon or gobbledegook • Effective proofreading • Composing letters - key points to remember
Modern business communication • Business communications can be written in a much more relaxed style than they were decades ago. • Aim to put across message naturally, in a friendly, informal style. • Use plain language as if you are having a conversation.
Five key rules of good writing • Come straight to the point Do not write long-winded documents. Be direct and to the point – but at the same time courteous.
Five key rules of good writing 2. Remember the KISS principle Keep It Short and Simple – short sentences and simple words. Don’t try to impress reader with big words. E.g: “at the present moment in time” - change it to “now”
Five key rules of good writing 3. Use active not passive voice V oice refers to the relationship of a verb to its subject. Active voice – subject does the action in the sentence. E.g: The marketing director completed the study. Passive voice – subject receives the action E.g: The study was completed by the marketing director.
Is passive voice ever appropriate? • In these occasions: • It may be better to make a particularly important noun the subject of the sentence, giving it extra emphasis. E.g: Our restaurant has been recommended by all the leading hotels in Singapore. • When you want to place the focus on the action. E.g: The noise was heard all over the island.
Five key rules of good writing 4. Use the right tone
Written communications may be worded so that they sound polite, friendly, firm, bossy, sarcastic, condescending, even rude. Wrong tone could cause offense to your reader. • Even if you feel angry or frustrated, try not to vent your emotions in writing.
Five key rules of good writing 5. Use modern language The main rule of writing today is to write as you speak. If you find yourself writing something that you would not say to the person if you were having a conversation, then you should not be writing it either.
Jargon or gobbledegook • Jargon – technical words or expressions used by a particular profession or group of people and difficult for others to understand – banking/computer/legal jargon • Includes abbreviations – eg: MOHE, ESL, DOA • Gobbledegook - language that is meaningless or is made unintelligible by excessive use of technical terms.
Reader will either get bored and stop reading, or will spend a great deal of time trying to figure out meaning.
Examples • Before – If there are any points on which you require explanation or further particulars we shall be glad to furnish such additional details as may be required by telephone. • After - If you have any questions please call.
Effective proofreading • Tips for effective proofreading • Avoid disturbances • Read the work out loud • Concentrate on one word at a time • Be methodical • Take a break occasionally • Look for inconsistencies • Print out hard copy for final proofreading
Composing letters - key points to remember • Use short sentences • Choose simple words • Avoid wordiness • Use an appropriate tone • Be precise • Ensure accuracy • Check consistency • Use your initiative • Use active not passive voice • Write as you would speak
Class exercise – Rewrite the parts of a letter given Dear Mr Johnson Thank you for your e-mail of even date. For the audit of Turner Communications Pte Ltd, kindly furnish us a copy of the company Balance Sheet, Expenses statements and all the invoices/bills (incorporation and legal fees, etc.) paid by the holding company to our office at the earliest. We will revert to you on the treatment of the Intangible Asset and the financials of Turner Communications Inc. as soon as possible. Should you have any queries, please do not hesitate to contact us. Best regards Bernard Williams