Vertebrate Taxonomy. Keeping track of species. Taxonomy: describing and naming an organism >1 million species named, up to 15 million more Taxonomy is not new; cultures have been naming plants and animals around them for 1000s of years It’s practical to have names. Binomial Nomenclature.
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Taxonomy: describing and naming an organism
>1 million species named, up to 15 million more
Taxonomy is not new; cultures have been naming plants and animals around them for 1000s of years
It’s practical to have names
Standard system for naming things
Linnaeus described and named > 6,000 animals and >4,000 plants using Latin
Scientific name does not replace, but instead further defines common name
“Watch out—there’s a bear behind that rock!
1st word was a noun: Genus
2nd word was an adjective: Specific epithet
Genus + specific epithet = scientific name of a species
Or who discovered it:
Place organisms into logical categories
Place organisms into categories that show ancestor-descendant relationships
Specific epithet (species) (canadensis)
Scientific name: Castor canadensis