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Ministry of Nature Protection of the Republic of Armenia Technology needs assessment in Armenia: follow-up activities Diana Harutyunyan Workshop on sharing best practices with conducting technology needs assessment 27-29 Bangkok, 2007

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slide1

Ministry of Nature Protection of the Republic of Armenia

Technology needs assessment in Armenia: follow-up activities

Diana Harutyunyan

Workshop on sharing best practices with conducting technology needs assessment

27-29 Bangkok, 2007

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technology needs assessment in first national communication
Technology needs assessment in First National Communication
  • Phase I – FNC preparation 1996-1999
    • GHG inventory - baseline setting for mitigation potential assessment
    • Formulation of country mitigation policy concept - Armenia has stated its willingness to take voluntary GHG limitation obligations in case the corresponding assistance for that measures will be provided”
    • V&A – first attempt to develop in country capacity for assessment of countries economy and natural systems vulnerability

However the technology needs assessment in FNC was addressed in very general terms

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technology transfer needs assessment top up activities
Technology transfer needs assessment - “top up” activities
  • Phase II 1999-2002
    • The assistance was crucial for maintaining and further developing the national capacity
    • It provides necessary framework for moving from general formulations that were in FNC to more practical and substantial approach to the technology needs identification, prioritization, partnership building and planning the follow-up activities.

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technology needs assessment approaches applied
Technology needs assessment: approaches applied
  • Analyzing the national and sectorial policies from point of correspondence to CC mitigation objectives
  • Assessment is accompanied with:
    • Capacity building
    • Identification of partners
      • Steering committee –interministerial coordination
      • International organizations
      • Technical institutions
      • Financial institutions
      • Private sector
    • Creation of framework for stakeholders dialogue
      • Seminars, round table discussions, conferences
      • Sharing of analytical reports
      • Web-site creation
      • Publications

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tna and tt data base creation scheme

Sectorial ministries,

agencies

Specilaised scientific institutions

Foreign assistance, Projects

Climate Change Center

Expert team

Private sector

TNA and TT data base creation scheme

International experience

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technology needs assessment methodology applied
Technology needs assessment: methodology applied

Assessing the mitigation potential of sectors and updating the information included in FNC:

  • Evaluation of the GHG emissions for the period of 1990-2000
  • Analyzing trends in different sectors:
    • Policy and regulatory base
    • Baseline situation
    • Projects planned and under implementation
    • International donor assistance frameworks (WB, USAID, TACIS)
    • Sector specific technology needs
  • Analyzing the information on CC technologies, creation of data base, evaluation of applicability to the local needs

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slide7

Cont.

Technology needs assessment: methodology

applied

  • Selection of prioritization criteria:
    • GHG reduction potential
    • Evaluation of investments
    • Specific cost of GHG reduction, $/t co2
    • Correspondence to the national and sectoral devlopment goals
  • Barrier analyze:
    • Legal
    • Organizational, institutional
    • Financial
    • Informational
    • Personal

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mitigation technology needs assessment sectors technologies
Mitigation technology needs assessment: sectors, technologies
  • Gas supply
    • Transportation
    • Storages
  • Waste
    • Municipal solid waste
    • Wastewater
  • Agriculture
    • Intestinal fermentation
    • Manure
    • Agricultural land
  • Forestry
  • Energy generation
  • Renewable energy
  • Energy efficiency
    • Housing sector
    • Industry
    • Agriculture
  • Industrial processes
    • Cement production
    • Chemical industry
  • 5. Transport

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follow up activities
Follow-up activities:
  • Capacity development for implementation of CDM projects under Kyoto Protocol
  • In-depth barrier analysis for district heating sector EE implementation measures
  • Implementation of project on establishment of technology tranfer center in cooperation with UNDP, UNIDO, Ministry of Nature Protection and private sector
  • GEF full size EE project under implementation starting from 2005
  • Transport sector project proposal developed

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situation with implementation 2007
Situation with implementation -2007
  • The Law on Energy Saving and Renewable Energy - 2004
  • Promotional tariff and guarantee of purchase for energy produced by small HPPs,wind mills and biogas plants - 2002
  • Armenian renewable energy and energy efficiency fund - 2005
  • National energy efficiency plan – 2007
  • Starting from 2003 each 2 years the RE and EE conferences are held –the 3rd IREC 27-29, 2007

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slide11

CDM capacity building

  • Legal
    • Ratification of Kyoto Protocol -2002
    • Governmental Decree - Jul. 2006, N-974-N on implementation of KP Article 12 -DNA legal status and functions
    • Identification of and ranging the SD criteria for CDM projects
  • Institutional
    • Appointment of DNAfor CDM
    • Notification letter send to UNFCCC Secretariat - Sep.2003
    • Development of draft national procedures for CDM project evaluation and approval
  • Technical
    • Development of CDM projects pipeline – 2 registered 4 validated, and 12 in pipeline
  • Personal
    • Awareness rising of decision makers
    • Building technical expertise in the country

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cdm capacity b uilding
CDM Capacity Building

cont.

Within the framework of a specific project development – learning by doing

Memorandum of Understandings:

  • Danish Governmentwithin the framework of Kyoto Protocol implementation - ratified by the President of RA, March2004
  • MOU under negotiation with Federal Minister of Agriculture, Forestry,Environment and Water Management of the Republic of Austria

Technical Assistance

  • EU “Technical assistance to Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Moldova with respect to their Global Climate Change commitments”Project, 2004 -2006
  • UNDP/GEF enabling activities for preparation of Second National Communication

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district heating sector ee project lessons learned
District heating sector EE project: lessons learned
  • Integration in existing development programs –PRSP, Municipal master plan
  • Close cooperation with WB Urban heating program,
  • Securing resources:
    • Seed money – GEF funds
    • Public sector reforms for removing the market penetration barriers - Urban heatingstrategy
    • Involving the private sector as main engine for TT – introduction of corresponding changes in legislation
  • Ensuring professional high level of expertise
  • Creating trustful relations: transparency, competence, partnership and on benfits of inclusion of environmental concerns in sectoral policy

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project midterm results
Project midterm results

UNDP/GEF project role: providing TA, facilitating negotiations and supporting the barrier elimination

  • Creation of PPP framework
  • MOU is signed between private investors and public institutions (Regulatory commission, Municipality)
  • Concession is given for use of municipal district heating assets
  • Promotional legislation is adopted for introduction of cogeneration systems in district heating based on useful heat demand
  • Methodology is developed for calculation of power and heat tariff from CHPs

Why cogeneration:

    • Reduced tariff for heat
    • Attraction of investments under CDM
    • Reduced risks for investors

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project midterm results15

cont.

Project midterm results
  • Private sector has taken commitments to invest 40 mln USD investments in rehabilitation of the district heating systems in 2 urban areas (70 thousand population)
    • Reduction of GHG emissions will make - 59 000 t CO2/annual
    • New technology on generation site will be introduced
    • Demand side energy efficiency will be implemented
  • Adoption of legislation promoting small scale cogeneration
  • Perception of benefits from mitigation measures implementation increased in Government and technical community

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slide16
THANK YOU!

Contact information:

Yerevan, Republic Square, Government Building #3, 5 floor

Phone: (37410) 58-39-20,

Fax: (37410) 58-39-33

E-mail: infocenter@nature.am

www.nature-ic.am

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