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Technology Needs Assessment Adaptation Sector. Jamaica Technology Needs Assessment Workshop June 29 2005 Rawleston Moore. Technology Needs Assessment Adaptation Sector. Is there such a thing as a Technology for Adaptation?

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technology needs assessment adaptation sector

Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector

Jamaica Technology Needs Assessment Workshop June 29 2005

Rawleston Moore

technology needs assessment adaptation sector2
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector
  • Is there such a thing as a Technology for Adaptation?
  • Adaptation defined as “adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, that moderates harm and exploits beneficial opportunities”
technology needs assessment adaptation sector3
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector
  • “Any application of equipment, techniques, practical knowledge or skills that would allow natural or human systems to adjust to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, by moderating harm or exploiting beneficial opportunities”
technology needs assessment adaptation sector4
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector
  • What is Technology Needs Assessment (TNA)

TNA- Prioritizes Technologies, Practices and Policy Reforms that can be implemented in different sectors of a country to adapt to climate change

technology needs assessment adaptation sector5
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector
  • TNA: identification and evaluation of equipment, techniques, practical knowledge or skills for addressing a particular purpose or activity
  • Purpose/activity: climate change response - Adaptation

IPCC Definition-

technology needs assessment adaptation sector6
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector
  • TNA not a stand alone activity-
  • Continuation of work carried out or identified in Jamaican Initial National Communications and will be continued in Second National Communications
  • TNA- Can be considered as an approach by which development and climate change response needs and technology opportunities are integrated
technology needs assessment adaptation sector7
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector
  • Generic Activities Involved in TNA

1-Overview of sectors

2-Priority setting and criteria for technology assessment

3-Barrier analysis and policy needs

4-Stakeholder consultation

5-Synthesis report

technology needs assessment adaptation sector8
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector

OVERVIEW OF SECTOR

  • Preliminary assessment of current status Drawn from existing data and information e.g. First national communication of Jamaica.
  • Identification of vulnerable sectors in first national communication
technology needs assessment adaptation sector9
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector
  • PRIORITY SETTING AND CRITERIA FOR TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT

-Which areas should be priorities?

Coastal Zones?,

Water Sector?,

Agriculture?,

Health?

technology needs assessment adaptation sector10
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector
  • PRIORITY SETTING AND CRITERIA FOR TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT

What Criteria should be used for identification and selection of technologies?

Vulnerability Reduction Potential

Development Criteria-job benefits, build capacity

Finance- Capital, affordability, market potential

Capacity Requirements

Proven Technology

technology needs assessment adaptation sector11
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector
  • PRIORITY SETTING AND CRITERIA FOR TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT

Hard Technology vs Soft Technology

Potential to benefit from technology development and transfer

Policies that would support adoption of technologies identified

technology needs assessment adaptation sector12
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector
  • BARRIER ANALYSIS AND POLICY NEEDS

What are barriers preventing technology development and technology transfer?

Is there enough information on the various technologies?

What policies are needed to be put in place to improve technology transfer and development?

Social and cultural acceptability

technology needs assessment adaptation sector13
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector
  • BARRIER ANALYSIS AND POLICY NEEDS
    • Has enough vulnerability assessment work been done?
    • Integrated and cross-cutting
    • Should be done at each step of the TNA process
technology needs assessment adaptation sector14
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector
  • STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION

Expert Judgment and Knowledge of Sector

Wide Participation and transparent process

Report Preparation

technology needs assessment adaptation sector15
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector
  • Start of the Needs Assessment process which will continue during the second national communications
technology needs assessment adaptation sector16
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector
  • Example of Adaptation Technology. Electric Reefs- A solution for corals in peril
technology needs assessment adaptation sector17
Technology Needs AssessmentAdaptation Sector
  • Biorock™
  • On underwater, conductive structures we assemble a positively charged anode and a negatively charged cathode (structure)
  • Apply a low voltage electric current between them
    • Safe for swimmers
  • Which causes minerals to crystallize from seawater onto structures
  • Calcium carbonate, white limestone (CaCO3) is formed-Similar to natural coral reefs and tropical white sand
  • Corals adhere to limestone and grow quickly
how a biorock reef works
How a Biorock™ Reef works

When a positively charged anode and a negatively charged cathode are suspended in sea water with an electric current flowing between them, calcium ions combine with carbonate ions and adhere to the structure (cathode).The result is calcium carbonate.Corals adhere to CaCO3 and grow quickly.

Solar collector or other power supply

Cathode (-)Conductive Structure

Anode (+)

(CaCO3)

Coral Fragments

how to build an electric reef
How to build an electric reef
  • Design the structure
  • Assemble the structure from conductive materials
  • Submerge the structure
  • Attach anode material
  • Attach wires from solar panel or voltage generator
  • Turn on current
  • Watch for bubbles
    • Signifies limestone forming
  • Attach coral fragments
  • Watch the coral grow
designing a structure
Designing a structure
  • Designs take into account depth, wave action, ocean bottom characteristics and aesthetics
  • Structures are easily built with locally available conductive material (usually rebar)
considerations for building a biorock reef
Considerations for buildinga Biorock Reef
  • Depth of water
  • Type of ocean bottom
  • Distance from shore
  • Availability of electric power
  • Availability of broken coral fragments
  • Dedication to maintaining reef operation
  • Funding
typical costs
Typical costs
  • Design —
  • Rebar —
  • Cables —
  • Solar collectors —
  • Voltage generators —
  • Labor —
  • Travel —
  • Licensing fees —
  • Consulting fees —
biorock corals
Biorock corals
  • Grow 3-5 times faster
  • Heal more than 20 times faster
  • Survive high temperatures 16-50 times more
  • Have hundreds of times more baby coral settlement
  • Attract incredible numbers of fish
slide25
Corals can survive under lethal conditions
  • Reefs can be quickly restored where they can’t recover naturally
  • Fishermen can grow reefs and greatly increase fish and shellfish populations and catches, becoming farmers instead of hunters
  • Breakwaters can be built for a fraction of the price of concrete or stone, with vastly greater environmental benefits
global coral reef alliance
Global Coral Reef Alliance

Dr. Thomas J. Goreau

President

Global Coral Reef Alliance

37 Pleasant Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Telephone:  617-864-4226, 617-864-0433

E-mail: goreau@bestweb.net

Web site: http://www.globalcoral.org